Vol. 5 Num 551 Wed. December 14, 2005  
Homage To Our Martyred Intellectuals

Homage To Our Martyred Intellectuals
Death outside the metropolis
Lutfun Nahar Helen (Teacher, Government Girls' School, Magura)
Lutfun Nahar was born in Magura, 1947, finished her B.A. and started working as a teacher in Magura High School. Her courage and depth astonished people around her when she worked as an informer in 1971. Pakistany army tied her to a Jeep and carried her till the WAPDA Khalpar, which was about one and half a miles away. On 5th October she was brutally killed.

Nutanchandra Singha (Social worker and education patron, Rauzan, Chittagong)
Nutanchandra Singha never had the chance to finish primary school but deep inside he felt that female children need to be educated. Founder of many schools for girls, he did not get the opportunity to complete Kundeshswary Girls' College. He was shot on April 13th, 1971 when the new college building was still under construction. Nutanchandra was born in 1900, December 12th in Gohira of Rauzan, Chittagong. At the age of eight he went to Burma with his father and started his life at a grocery shop. In 1942 during the World War II he returned to Cox's Bazaar walking all the way down barefooted. He started his famous Kundeshswary Oushadhaloy in 1946. He also set up Kundeshswary Primary School and Balika Mondir in 1960, Monorama Hall in 1968, and the K. Girls' College in 1970. When the war broke out in 1971, the Kundeshswary Bhaban was a common shelter for many intellectuals. People around became aware of this and soon the Pakistanis decided to act. The consequence was that he was killed with twenty-eight other people on April 13, 1971.

S.M. Fazlul Haque (Lecturer, Rajshahi Govt. College, Rajshahi)

S. M. Fazlul Haque was born in the village Mohanpur, Rajshahi in 1933. His father Md Fazlul Haque was a teacher. S.M. Fazlul Haque passed his Matric in 1952 from Chak Atitha High school, ISC in 1954 from Rajshahi College, BSC in 1956 from the same college .In 1959 he completed his graduation from the Dept. of Mathematics, Rajshahi University and joined Naogan BSC College as a Lecturer of the Mathematics Dept. Later on he joined Anada Mohan College and Rajshahi Govt College. S M Fazlul Haque was an amateur actor and a social worker. On 25th April, 1971 the Pakistan Army attacked the village Mohanpur .S.M Haq unfortunately did not get enough time to escape and hid in his room. The soldiers smashed down the door and killed him along with ten other family members.

A. F. Ziaur Rahman (Head, Sylhet Medical College)
Born on February 2nd, 1926, in Narayanganj, A F Ziaur Rahman lost his father at a very early age. His school years passed under his mother's care. He became a doctor and joined the medical core of Pakistan Army in 1949. He became a Lt. Col. in 1963. In 1968 he was appointed as the head and superintendent of Sylhet Medical College. Ziaur Rahman started the construction work for a new campus for the college, halls and teachers' quarters that we see today. He became the Dean of the Faculty of Medicine of Chittagong region in 1969-70. In 1970 he was the head of a medical aid team that served the cyclone-hit people. He stayed back at Maizdi court to help the people till February 1971.He returned to Sylhet on 1st March with his family and was arrested on 15th. They were confined inside the house often without food. On April 14th a jeep came and stopped outside. Dr. Zia had just taken his shower and was ready for the first meal after a few days. But he did not get a chance. He was taken for questioning and never came back.

Golam Hossain (Additional Police Super, Barisal)
Golam Rahman was killed on May 3rd, 1971. After the March crackdown, when the whole country was on fire this man risked his life and supplied one hundred rifles to Nurul Islam Monju and Major Jalil. He became a commander of Sector One though his physical condition was not good at all. Golam Rahman, was born in 1919, Dec 1st. He left home without notice for Europe on a ship after his mother's death and at that time he was only eleven years old. He came back during the World War II and passed the Entrance exam in 1941 and Higher Secondary in 1943. Rahman joined the Bengal Police as a Sub-Inspector when he was still a B.A. student of Ripon College. In 1969 Golam Rahman was the S.D.O. of Chuadanga. During the 1969 Movement he did not let the police fire on the people of his area. Some of his very close companions betrayed this courageous man. He was handed over to the Pakistanis on 26th April 1971. People say he was brutally killed on May 3rd but his body was nevert found.

Md. Muslemuddin Mian (Headmaster, Jhaoail Girls' school, Tangail)
People used to call him "Muslim Master" as he lived a life to educate others. He went to every house to find students for his girls' school. Born in Karatia, 1924, Md Muslim Mian passed Matric from Kaoail Maharani Hemantakumari High School in 1944 and Intermediate from Ripon College, Calcutta in 1946. He came back and started his life as a school teacher. In 1948 Kaoail Shurendrabala Girls' School was upgraded due to his hard work and devotion. His wife also worked with him and both of them worked without any remuneration for years just to provide a wage for another teacher. In 1971 Muslimuddin sent many people to India for training. On 28th June he was killed for keeping connection with the freedom fighters.

Habib Ur Rahman (Educationist, Dept of Mathmetics, Rajshahi University)

After completing B.S.C. (Hons) from Aligarh University Habib ur Rahman joined the Rajshahi University, Department of Mathematics. For long 13 years, he served the Department of Science and Mathematics. His secular writing and contribution to the world of literature is still remembered. During the Nationalist Movement in the 60's and 69's uprising against the Ayub government, he played a leading role. He was picked up by the Pakistani solders and was taken to the rooftop of the University Guest House and never returned.

Anwarul Azim (Chief Administrator, North Bengal Sugar Mill, Gopalpur, Rajshahi)
It was May 5, midday, 1971.Soldiers of Pakistan army gathered over a hundred workers and employees of North Bengal Sugar Mill beside the millpond (now known as Shahid Shagar ) and killed them. Lt. Md. Anwarul Azim is one of those who were martyred that day. Very popular among the mill workers and staff this man was brave enough to raise his voice against the killers even just before his death. Anwarul Azim was born in Naogan , December 13th , 1931 .His father Md. Azad was a Deputy Magistrate. He passed his Matric in 1949 from Dinajpur Zilla School, I.A in 1951, from Surendranath College and B. A in 1953, from Rajshahi College. He was a brilliant student. His political awareness made him a "wanted" man in 1952 during the Language Movement. He shaved his head to save himself from the police. He completed his MA in International Relations from Dhaka University and went abroad with a Fulbright Scholarship in 1965. In 1969 he joined the North Bengal Sugar Mill. People of Gopalpur still recalls that day, Anwarul Azim with his colleagues lay dead on the steps of the pond. Gopalpur station is now known as "Azim Nagar".

Jikrul Haque (Doctor, social worker, Syedpur)
Before our Liberation in1971, greater Rangpur was largely a non-Bengali area and the Bengalis were very neglected by the authorities but Dr. Jikrul Haque, whose chief concern was to ensure privileges for the local people, struggled continually and established their rights. Born in 1913 in Sayedpur, Dr. Jikrul finished his medical studies in Calcutta. A politician since his student days, he returned to his birthplace and worked in local hospitals. He preferred to settle down in his birthplace. Everyday he treated numerous patients but never took any fees from them. In the 1954 Elections Dr. Jikrul was elected from his area as an independent candidate. He was the Secretary of the Syedpur high school for twelve years, the first Chairman and Founder of Syedpur Municipality and initiator of the Syedpur Government Hospital. Jikrul Haque was elected again in 1970 as a candidate of the Awami League. On 25th March 1971, Pakistani soldiers took him to the Cantonment at 8pm and tortured him brutally. Later he was killed that night.

Mir Abdul Qayuum (Teacher, psychology Dept. Rajahshahi)
Mir Abdul Qayuum was born in Ghagra, Mymensingh, on July 6th, 1939. He graduated from the Rajshahi University, Psychology Dept in 1962 and joined as a Lecturer. Very popular among his students Mir Qayuum was politically aware and participated in the movements before Liberation. He stayed back in Bangladesh in 1971 because he wanted to see his motherland free and he paid the price with his life. On November 25th Pakistani soldiers took him from the campus residence. Mir Abdul Qayuum was buried alive with many others in Bablatola.

Here, of course, we could list only some of such martyrs
People paying homage to the martyred intellectuals