Mohandas Gandhi begins a 21-day fast in protest against the British rule in India.
World War II: V-E Day, combat ends in Europe. German forces agree in Rheims, France, to an unconditional surrender.
South Vietnamese soldiers of Catholic President Ngo Dinh Diem open fire on Buddhists defying a ban on the flying of the Buddhist flag on Vesak, killing nine.
Four Black September terrorists hijack Sabena Flight 571. Israeli Sayeret Matkal commandos recapture the plane the following day.
The eradication of smallpox is endorsed by the World Health Organization.