an electrically safe
most of us are generally unaware of the proper use of electricity and
invariably, every one of us has at one point of time or other experienced
an electric shock. We also frequently get to read news of 'electrocution'
and 'fire due to short circuit' in the newspapers. Most of these events
are preventable by proper installation and usage of electric safety
I am sure that the modern homeowners who are willing to spend lakhs
of taka on making their home beautiful and aesthetic, would not hesitate
to spend some amount on protecting the home and themselves from the
hazards of electricity. The major hazards of electricity are electric
shocks (which could be fatal) and fires.
Electricity has been found to be one major cause of accidents occurring
at home and these accidents mainly happen due to:
1. Faulty Installations: With the increased popularity of apartments,
the onus of providing good electrical installation squarely lies on
the builder. Unfortunately, in the name of competition, many builders
do sacrifice the quality of electrical installation just because it
is not visible to prospective customers since these things are hidden
from view. However, as a discerning customer, you must ask and inspect
the quality of electrical items like circuit breakers, wires, distribution
boards, workmanship at the time of finalizing your dream home.
2. Substandard Quality of equipment/appliances: Again, with the invasion
of Chinese made lookalikes of popular brands, there is a surfeit of
poor quality material in the market and electrical items seem to be
worst hit - hence you must insist on buying from the authorized dealers/distributors
only and must inquire from the builder in case of a new apartment purchase.
3. Drawing more load than the sanctioned load: The responsibility for
this lies entirely on the homeowner. With the increasing popularity
of appliances like Air conditioners, Microwave ovens, Refrigerators,
Geysers etc., there is an ever-growing load on the electrical system.
However, like any other equipment, electrical systems do have their
limits of operations and loading them beyond their capacity can lead
to wire burnouts, damage to equipment etc. In case you wish to install
heavy loads like air conditioners, geysers etc., please ensure that
your wiring and circuit breakers are designed to withstand increased
4. Ignorance regarding proper usage of electricity: Ignorance is also
a major cause of accident while using electricity. For example, many
times, women work on washing machines with wet hands and no slippers
on feet thereby exposing themselves to the risk of electric shock. Similarly,
geysers are often located inside the bathroom itself and exposed to
moisture which could be a cause of electric shock. Use of poor quality
switches also leads to their overheating and could be a source of shock
The world over, homeowners use the following devices for additional
safety from the risks of using electricity:
1. Miniature Circuit Breakers/ Moulded Case Circuit Breakers (MCB/MCCB):
Protect your home from excessive loads and short circuits
2. Residual Current Circuit Breakers (RCCBs): Protect you from electric
shocks and electrocution, and electric fires due to leakage currents
3. Fire Retardant Wires: Help in preventing fires from spreading through
the wires running inside the walls.
4. Shielded plugs and sockets: help in avoiding accidental touch with
These four product categories represent the 'basic' level of protection,
which must be built into every modern home to ensure adequate safety
from electricity usage.
However in Bangladesh, though the first category of products (MCB/MCCB)
has become a part of most homes, the latter three products still have
to catch on. People are still ignorant about these products and hence
do not use them as much.
MCB/MCCB do play a significant part in the protection of equipment and
installation, but the risk of electric shock (and electrocution) and
fire can only be minimized by using RCCBs and fire-retardant wires.
Shielded plugs/sockets prevent access to live parts and hence avoid
the accidental touching of 'live' wires.
It is strongly recommended that when homeowners are spending lakhs of
taka on aesthetics of their homes, they also spend some money on protecting
it and themselves adequately. After all, your home should remain what
it should be:
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