Mahfujul Haq Khan BDS, DDS, FSDCE (USA), PhD (Japan), Post
Doc. (Japan) Specialised: Crown and Bridge work, and Periodontal plastic
surgery (USA) Senior Medical Officer, Department of Dentistry, BIRDEM
I am 23 years old. I had several filling (silver-black colour-amalgam
filling), which I did 10 years back. Recently, however, I visited one
dentist and he suggested me to replace those old fillings to white colour
dental filling. My question is, if my tooth doesn't hurt and my filling
is still in place, why would the filling need to be replaced? Are dental
amalgams safe? Is it true that dental amalgams have been banned in other
If my tooth doesn't hurt and my filling is still in place, why would
the filling need to be replaced? Are dental amalgams safe? Constant
pressure from chewing, grinding or clenching can cause dental fillings,
or restorations, to wear away, chip or crack. Although you may not be
able to tell that your filling is wearing down, your dentist can identify
weaknesses in your restorations during a regular check-up.
If the seal between
the tooth enamel and the restoration breaks down, food particles and
decay-causing bacteria can work their way under the restoration. You
then run the risk of developing additional decay in that tooth. Decay
that is left untreated can progress to infect the dental pulp and may
cause an abscess.
Are dental amalgams
safe? Yes. Dental amalgam has been used in tooth restorations world-wide
for more than 100 years. Studies have failed to find any constructive
link between amalgam restorations and any medical disorder. But somehow
still controversial as it contain mercury.
Is it true that
dental amalgams have been banned in other countries? Sorry right now
I don't have any confirm information.
I have several missing teeth and using artificial denture. I never can
chew properly, especially hard food. I am thinking about making bridge
but before that I want know, Is there another way I can have a tooth
replaced other than a bridge?
Dental implants can provide artificial teeth that look natural and feel
secure. Dental implants can also be used to attach full or partial dentures.
Implants, however, are not an option for everyone. Because implants
require surgery, patients must be in good health, have healthy gums,
have adequate bone to support the implant and be committed to meticulous
oral hygiene and regular dental visits. If you are considering implants,
a thorough evaluation by your dentist will help determine if you would
be a good candidate
Reviving old customs: Brass crockery
There was a time
when traditions and cultures were not divided into sects according to
religion. Both Hindu and Muslim traits together made up the culture.
The social environment had a touch of similarity. There was not much
difference between the two festivals of Eid and Puja. In the similar
way there wasn't much of a difference with the tools and utensils used
at home. Take for example the often breathtaking new designs of plates,
glasses and pots made of different materials. It's a huge change from
the times when Bangalees would use utensils in a way as to maintain
a tradition. Back then brass was the choice material for utensils and
these represented tools which defined tradition. Such customs are lacking
today what with the unbreakable plastic plates and the smooth porcelain
replacing the age old brass.
Many if not most
households would serve their dinners, stored their water and offered
refreshments using brass plates and pots. Preference for other materials
has diminished the market for this particular metal as a household tool.
As a result the craftsmanship has also decreased to a minimalist level.
Decent articles can still be found in the Shakhari Bazaar area in Old
Dhaka. It's a nostalgic trip that takes you back to the times of your
childhood when glittering utensils were neatly shelved in your grandparent's
Gifts to married
Baishakh has that
effect when at times you are led to believe that there is no lack of
love and affection within humanity. It is of course true in case of
parents who never seem to stop caring for their wards. It's a storage
of fondness never seems to run dry. From the start of a child's life
till the end of a parents', the latter will keep on toiling for the
betterment of their child. They will do something or the other as a
divine expression of their love.
Take for example
when a daughter is married off. Parents seem to go on overdrive because
of the fact that the girl is now living in someone else's house.
It's often custom
to send gifts from the parents to the married couple. It's an old custom
that has similar methods across all races and religions. Baishakh also
has a similar custom where the parents send of a basket packed with
puffed rice, flat rice, gur koi, moa, murki, batasha, seasonal fruits
like water melon, green mangos, papaya, beth fol, orhor and the list
goes on. In fact the mother's take pride on how decorative their basket
is, after all its going to jamai bari, harmless showing off is an big
issue. It takes a different dimension if there is any grandchildren
around. The fruit basket or gift is a symbolic representation of the
love sent by the girl's parents.
Sultana Yasmin Translated By Ehsanur Raza Ronny
A DIFFERENT SKY
If there is one
shared trait among Bangladeshis living abroad, that would be, in my
opinion, our ability to grumble and use our inferiority complexes
to our advantages by playing the biggest of victims. While we nag
about being categorised as South Asians, we ourselves compartmentalise,
scrutinise and simplify every race that we come across in America.
We call the African Americans "Kallu" and the Caucasians
"Shada" by default. When we use such terms towards these
races we never feel an ounce of guilt for being derogatory. We do
not even think we are being offensive as we pretend to be the victims
of racial discrimination by these races. We have heated discussions
over tea and snacks about how we are looked down upon by the Caucasians
for our lack of deodorant usage and presence of thick accents and
envied by the African Americans for our quick ascents to successful
In this so-called
land of races and racists, I find myself along with other Bengalis
to be the most bigoted. I found, through my past and present experience
of living abroad and in Bangladesh, we Bengalis have the lowest tolerance.
We are intolerant of even our own kinds let alone any kindness or
understanding for others. Th class system exists everywhere, even
in the most democratic of countries, but from the Bangladeshi point
of view, we have made this class segmentation very visible and real.
We are more prone to mix with the Caucasians than with African Americans.
We are scared of African Americans for the power they hold as a strong
minority (not so much of a minority anymore), and we put down the
Spanish, especially the immigrant Mexicans, as if they are a lower
form of human being. We respect the Korean, the Chinese and the Vietnamese
for their accomplishments, but we mock and make fun of them too whenever
the opportunity arises.
What I find worse
is, a few well off Bangladeshi families were privileged enough to
bring their maidservants from Bangladesh all the way to America to
do their house chores and look after their kids. These maids live
completely in a Bangladeshi setting. Nothing has really changed for
them except for the fact that they cannot go out to buy paan and bidi
from the store at the next street corner, or see their families year
after year. They are in a trap, not even able to call back home in
some cases, as their families do not have access to the luxury of
phones in Bangladesh. These maids earn lower than minimum wage. Some
of these maids spend most of their days in the kitchen. The guests
come and go, piling up dishes and messing up the house. The quiet
maid in the kitchen remains in her chequered sari, waiting to clean
up with her American soap and wash clothes. It awes me when the "master"
of such a household complains about being discriminated against, being
cornered or being taken advantage of by the white or black world.
He never bothers to see the crime he is committing by discriminating
and unjustly taking away rights from a helpless individual living
under his own roof.
the victims of discrimination yet believe and practice slavery themselves.
We Bengalis are the worst in appreciating any profession related to
service. For example, Bengalis are usually the worst tippers when
it comes to valuing a waiter/waitress. We see them as working class,
they are attending to us, and therefore they must be lower than us.
When we leave them a shameful amount of tips for their service, we
never feel any remorse. After all, who cares about making a bad impression
to a social class inferior to yours?
I recognise there
is definitely discrimination directed towards Bangladeshis. There
are plenty of cases of that, which I am sure everyone has heard of.
All the condescending names Bangladeshis are called, all the horrible
incidents where Bangladeshis have been taken abuse mentally or physically
from other races. We know they were wrong and we can point our fingers,
stand up, and spread the word about these kinds of prejudices, but
who will point our fingers back at us to pinpoint the racists living
in our own hearts?
So for the sake
of the hidden racist inside of me, for the sake of my hypocritical
mind, I am pointing the finger towards myself, I am recognising I
am a racist, and I suggest you do the same before others point their
fingers at you.