Sattar, Head of International Sales, Standard Chartered Bank
What is the meaning of the term 'foreign exchange'?
A1. The term 'foreign exchange' has different meanings.
Often, foreign exchange is used to denote foreign currency. When a bank
buys or sells foreign exchange, it deals in claims on foreign currency.
Thus, foreign exchange may mean foreign currency and claims on foreign
currency. The term foreign exchange also includes: (a) the means and
methods by which the currency of one country is exchanged for that of
another, (b) the causes which make such exchanges necessary, and (c)
the forms in which and the rates at which such exchanges are conducted.
In local banking sector "Foreign Exchange" also means "Foreign
Trade" i.e. import and export business.
Can you explain the term 'Cross Rate'?
A. The rates of exchange arrived at or quoted by expressing
the quotations for any two currencies in terms of a third.
Lutful Aziz FCPS, PHD Consultant "analgesia" Pain
I love my nineteen year old girlfriend very much. Four years
ago she developed Rheumatic Arthritis, and is still suffering from it.
She feels much pain in her bones, elbows and knees. She is constantly
fatigued and in pain. Her physical ailments have left her mentally unwell.
has been on medication from the very beginning, and none of it is doing
her any good. The pain she has to endure is excruciating. Her height
is 5 feet 4 inches, and she weights around 45 kg. Her weight is actually
decreasing day by day. My girlfriend has changed many doctors as well
as medicines; she is currently taking Unani alongwith her other medicines.
It's very difficult
to suggest anything for this kind of complicated pain as you have described.
I am not sure what kind of medications she has taken. And what her actual
condition is right now. She needs to be re-assessed totally before starting
new regime of medications. Nowadays, there are plenty of new options
for these kinds of patients. It's better for you to take her to pain
clinicians or rheumatologists for treatment. I am not sure about Unani
or homeopathics, so no comments.
The other one:
The way you described your localised pain on the heel of your left foot
suggests that it may be due to some problems in your heel bone (Calcaneum).
It sometime happens that a sharp pointed edge grows on the lower surface
of that bone which produces pain on pressure. But it needs to be investigated
before the diagnosis can be made. In the meantime you can try wearing
extremely soft sandals / shoes and change the style of your walk. That
is, try to put the front of the sole before the heel.
moved a heavy object, but didn't hurt much until the next day. What
is going on?
This is a very common scenario for people with acute back pain.
Many back injuries are caused by an unexpected twist or sudden motion.
This usually results in muscle strain. With either an injury or accident,
severe muscle spasms usually last 48 to 72 hours. They are generally
followed by days or weeks of less-severe pain. It usually takes two
to four weeks to heal completely from a mild back injury. It could take
from six to 12 weeks if there are strained ligaments or if the strain
is more severe.
osteoporosis cause back pain?
Yes, indirectly. The back bones become brittle due to loss of calcium.
This is like an old piece of wood that becomes brittle after termite
attack. Because there is a great deal of weight on each back bone, those
bones can break more easily. This is most common in thin older women
who don't get much sun, drink much milk, and never took estrogen supplements.
A vertebral fracture often is seen as a "compression fracture".
Falls, lifting heavy objects or moving the wrong way can result in a
House#02,Road#103, Gulshan-2, Dhaka
with men and fashion?
In the 33rd year of independence, Bangladeshi designers are rejoicing
over the fact that traditional wear for men is slowly paving a way for
itself. This century, men's fashion is being taken to its boundaries.
Western influence on men's fashion was strong until about a few years
back. Formal attire meant three-piece suits, but now, many enlightened
young men are opting for traditional wear for formal occasions. Traditional
clothes are stylish yet comfortable, and changes have been brought in
the designing of punjabis, kurtas, sherwanis, shawls and stoles. The
cuts, styles and designs have been altered to suit the spirit of the
So, no more formal
shirts! Shirts have found their way in cuts, texture, fabrics, pinstripes,
candy stripes, broad checks, herringbone, and hounds-tooth patterns,
including floral motifs. Use of embroideries in traditional and ethnic
wear is in, and is carefully colour-coordinated with the chosen fabrics.
It has replaced somber greys, blues, and whites that used to dominate
men's wear. Men are warming up to two-tone colour fabrics as well. This
new found confidence allows them to experiment and explore further with
tones of mauve and even pink, colours which were once considered feminine,
but are now trendy. To sum it up, it seems men's couture has come a
long way; men's fashion nowadays seems to be a statement of "anything
goes as long as you, the wearer is comfortable in it."
I'm a 21year old, and would like to know whether it is appropriate to
wear traditional clothes to a formal occasion?
The dress code for most formal gatherings is lounge suit / traditional.
Traditional attire is perfectly acceptable for formal occasions, though
one has to be careful about what one wears. Under no circumstances should
you dress in casual outfits and assume that they would work formally.
I'm in my early 20's. I would like to know what types of shoes I should
wear with what kinds of clothes.
For formal wear, shoes such as black and dark brown are preferable,
but these days you can try colours such as chocolate, burgundy and mahogony.
Only make sure that the colours of the shoes match with the belts you
will be wearing. For causual wear (demin with t-shirt or gabardine)
sneakers are the best option.
for anaemic persons
Anaemia is a common
problem among Bangladeshi women and children. Primary reason behind
this situation is lack of diet sense. Good diet is essential for anaemic
persons. The best food would be liver, egg, chicken, soya and green
vegetables with iron. Eat lots of citrus fruit, as vitamin C is an integral
part of iron formation. Vitamin C helps human body to absorb iron from
A DIFFERENT SKY
I was 18, free
as bird. Not living the 18-year-old life I would be living if I were
in Dhaka. I was away from home living in the dorms at the university.
Classes and study-load were a big excuse to pretend a studious frenzied
schedule to parents and Friday nights always brought a new beginning
to exciting weekends…everything was new and fresh and I let myself
drift away by it's force and become a thread of the current.
The high school
I went to was attended mostly by Caucasian population, among them
I always got a special superficial attention, the Princess Jasmine
among thousands of Cinderellas. College broke that status of mine
instantly. There I was merely another brown girl who acted too white.
There was a huge South-east Asian population, Indian and Pakistani,
and my features were half as sharp compared to the tall Punjabis and
blue-eyed Kashmiris to be noticed, the most I could do is blend in
with them to be the average Desi girl.
In the beginning
I kind of liked the mélange but I never really got accustomed
to it. See an 18-year-old girl never wants to be classified as "one-of-them"
she always wants to be "one-of-a-kind" and to be categorized
with a huge sect I was to say the least very disappointed.
And the disappointment
was also regarding another part of my identity. The identity that
still classified me as a Bangladeshi. If I didn't specify where I
was from everyone from this side of the world and even some non-Bangladeshis
thought I was just another Indian. Which was not a terrible thing,
but my Bangladeshi identity was never direct enough to be revealed,
unless I spoke out. And often I choose not to speak out, after all
who ever heard of Ms. Bangladesh winning the Ms. Universe competition,
and how many Ms. India's have bagged that special acknowledgment?
Strangely us Bangladeshis
living abroad possess a sixth sense about detecting each other's origin.
Even though a lot of our appearances are similar to South-Indians,
carrying an all in all rice-and-daal-consuming-look, a Bangladeshi
can always spot another fellow Bangladeshi in a room full of Desi
Anyway, that was
not my problem. My problem was the fact that I was no longer feeling
as special. I wanted to be recognized. Sure I could do it through
some other talent of mine, but it was much easier to get appreciation
and recognition through physical/superficial beauty, it had faster
results, popularity and attention was easily achievable with an eccentric,
exotic, stunning look. So being just another half-insecure and shallow
college girl I looked for a way out of the classification and a way
into the world of glamour and recognition, to be apart.
So it came to
me. The answer was FACES. It was a fashion show organized by the Asian
association of our university. This fashion show was sponsored by
big brand name companies to show case their clothes only in Asian
bodies, their objective was to cover their quota of minority activity
for the year as well as advertise their clothings. They knew the young
Asian population would jump at the chance to be models at this fashion
So I went to audition.
Nervous but also confident, I knew no other Bangladeshi was auditioning
to be a part of this pretence, and I could be the minority among minorities
which would give me a better chance to be a model flaunting my face
in FACES. I knew the Asian Organization would think twice before getting
rid of me, they would want to show their race equality by having at
least one token Bengali.
I was right, they
picked me, three hundred some Asians had auditioned, more women than
man, out of that the judging committee had picked 25 to-be-models.
I was the only Bangladeshi (surprise surprise); there were two other
brown toned faces with me, one Indian and one Pakistani.
I walked wearing
the brand names in petite sizes, my face was now known, among the
thousands of others I was one of the 25 special Asian models, I would
be remembered, even if it was temporary, maybe for a few months, few
I felt like I arrived where I wanted to…using Bangladesh's name.
If you are thinking
this was a story full of enchantment and pride you are wrong. This
was a confession. A declaration of guilt to a terrible mistake I had
committed while I was 18. For my selfish benefit I had used the name
of my country, of its people, my intention was not to represent them,
it was only to represent me, the brown wanna-be-exotic, attention
crazy Bengali girl. And now as I sit here, not as stunning and attention
crazy, I seek forgiveness. My country's name is being used and abused
everyday by many self-claimed patriots, I am not a patriot, I am just
another Bangladeshi girl who made her mistakes and now claims to know