Home   |  Issues  |  The Daily Star Home   |   Volume 6, Issue 28, Tuesday, July 12, 2011


Body reconturing surgery (Part III)

M.B.B.S, D.L.O ENT, Head-Neck
& Cosmetic Surgeon,
Phone: 01199845531

So far we have discussed mild or moderate obesity. Today we will discuss a different but very important body shaping aspect -- breast reshaping.

This is not only a problem for women but also some men. Women start to develop breasts at the onset of puberty. It is a great part of our beauty. Sometimes we see that the rate of breast growth is not as satisfying as we want it to be, the breasts are smaller than we would like; in these cases we advise breast augmentation surgery.

This is done by using silicone implants, the size is determined after the patient is examined. Many sizes are available and patients' desire as well as our judgement is used to determine the proper size.

In some cases where not too much augmentation is needed, fat can be used. The surgery is done under local anaesthesia, and patient does not need to stay admitted in the clinic. A very small incision on the crease under the breast is used, so there is no visible mark. Breast feeding can be done even after this surgery.

In cases where the size of the breast is too big a reduction mammoplasty can be done. This is done under general anaesthesia and the patient needs to stay at the clinic overnight. The surgery takes about two hours. It is a very satisfying surgery for patients as it relieves them from backache and other problems related to this.

After pregnancy some mothers suffer from sagging breasts and need reshaping, this surgery is called mastopexy. In these cases reshaping as well as lifting is done to make the breast look better. In some casers augmentation is done in the same sitting. The patient needs to stay overnight after this surgery.

In case of men, it is mainly young adults who suffer from overgrowth of breast tissue. So these youngsters feel very self-conscious as they feel shy to take off their shirt, go to the gym, etc. This condition is known as gynecomastia. Here liposuction of breast tissue is done to reduce the breast tissue. A belt has to be used for compression for about a month. Again this is a very satisfying surgery as it relieves the patient from a lot of embarrassment. No admission is needed.

A lot of people suffer from these problems but are unaware that solutions are available. These surgeries are very safe and patients can easily opt for these.


A rolling stone gathers no moss

By Karim Waheed

. . . And a body in motion gathers no (ok, less) fat.

“Cardio”, short for cardiovascular (also known as aerobic) exercise, is one of the potent tools for weight loss. Widely familiar cardio exercises are: walking, jogging, running (but not sprinting), swimming, cycling and stair climbing. Since my preferred cardio workout is running, I'll try to preach what I know.

Definition of running: to go steadily by springing steps so that both feet leave the ground for an instant in each step. That's the key -- both feet in the air at once. During walking, one foot is always on the ground. Jogging is running slowly, and sprinting is running fast.

Humans started walking and running some 4-6 million years ago. Ten thousand years ago, hunter-gatherers ran 15-75 miles a day. But it was Pheidippides (490 BC), an ancient Greek runner, who put running on the map. Pheidippides is supposed to have run 150 miles to carry the news of the Persian landing at Marathon to Sparta in order to enlist help for the battle. Scholars believe the story of Pheidippides may be a myth, yet the myth had legs (no pun intended) and was the genesis of the modern marathon.

A study shows that individuals who ran more than 50 miles (around 80 km) per week had significantly greater increases in HDL cholesterol (the good fat) and significantly greater decreases in body fat, triglyceride levels, and the risk of coronary heart disease than individuals who ran less than 10 miles per week.

According to the laws of physics, you should be burning the same number of calories whether you walk or run the same distance. It's hard to know for sure if you'll burn more calories running than walking. Logically, if you reduce your calorie intake and burn more than you are consuming, you will lose weight.

We all know how to run, but do we all know how to run correctly?

Head: You should look forward when you run. Do not bend forward or look down at your feet.

Shoulders: Keep them relaxed and loose. Shrugging, tightening, and creating tension in your shoulders and neck will waste energy and deplete you quickly.

Torso: Track coaches describe the ideal posture as running tall, which means that you stretch yourself up to full height with no strain from the torso.

Hips: If you lean forward, your hips will tilt forward too and that will strain your lower back.

Legs: Sprinters lift their knees very high when they run, but for distance running, and even shorter distances, keep your knees low. It takes a lot of energy to lift your knees, and even running a mile will be tough if you do so. Instead, quicker ankle action will help you increase your speed.

Arms: Arms should remain close to the body and swing forward and back and not across your body to minimise torso rotation.

Breathe deeply, exhale fully.

Start with a five-minute brisk walk to warm up. When you feel ready, start to jog. If you get out of breath, slow down and keep jogging, or walk again. Once you've caught your breath, start jogging again.

Repeat this series of walking/jogging (or running) intervals for 30 minutes, or whatever duration you choose.

If you stick with this method, you'll find over time that you can increase the jogging intervals and decrease the walking intervals until you can jog for the entire 30 minutes.

Walking/running etiquette: Don't walk/jog in herds and hog the track. Cattle walk in herds, people shouldn't (unless we're talking processions). If you're serious about shedding some chunk, save the chitchat for the benches when you rest. Don't talk on the phone and block someone walking/running behind you on the track. If you're slower then the person approaching you from behind, make way.

Now on your mark, get set, go!


The hidden secrets in your kitchen cabinet


What if I tell you that the secret to achieving optimal health is in your kitchen cabinet? Aromatic spices may have awakened your senses and tickled your taste buds but did you know that they can be used to treat common ailments and fight diseases? Spices are not only used for their aromatic qualities and flavouring your foods but traditionally they are packed with nutrients and were used for their medicinal values.

As a child I was drawn to anyone's kitchen because of the exotic aromas of the spices. I would always check out the spice cabinet or spice racks at any family or friend's home that I visited. I learned from my best friends how cloves can aid toothache and fennel seeds after meals help to digest.

Here I will talk about four common spices that you may be able to access right away and utilise them according to your personal needs.

Turmeric (Holud): This culinary herb is my favourite to use as a herbal remedy. This spice is fantastic for inflammations, joint pains, memory and is a great antioxidant. Turmeric is a powerful digestive tonic which protects and stimulates digestive organs such as the liver, pancreas and intestines. It stimulates saliva, gastric juices and bile, adding efficiency to fat metabolism.

Garlic (Roshun): One of the oldest cultivated plants in the world, garlic is rich in many vitamins and minerals [Vit C, Selenium, Calcium etc.]. Allicin a sulphur compound in garlic promotes antioxidant activity. This spice is anti-bacterial, anti-viral and research has shown that it is effective in lowering blood pressure, insulin and triglycerides. An interesting fact to know is that there are over 300 varieties of garlic cultivated worldwide.

Clove (Long): This aromatic spice is anti-bacterial, anti-viral and anti-parasitic. Clove helps to relieve tooth/gum pains, traveller's diarrhoea, prevents upset stomach and vomiting. Five buds of clove infused in warm water can also help get rid of body odour.

Fennel (Mouri): How can I not love this spice especially when it bears my best friend's name? Fennel prevents spasms, relieves gas, gets rid of excessive water in the body, helps clear mucus from lungs and works as a stimulant [awakens the mind]. Fennel helps relieving constipation, colic and is used to increase milk production in nursing mothers. It is also an excellent breath freshener.

When buying spices make sure they are fresh, so buy smaller qualities. Hand grounded spices are superior in quality than the prepackaged spices that are available in the store. The medicinal qualities of the spices can be utilised if you take them raw (fennel, clove etc) or if you boil them in either water or milk and then strain to drink the liquid e.g. turmeric.


Zuckerberg's headache

CEO Mark Zuckerberg has big reason to worry. Internet giant Google is just a few small steps away from opening up Google+, its very own social networking site.

Facebook survived Twitter and other social networking sites, but the search giant has now developed an extremely comprehensive and smooth social networking system the Harvard dropout needs to watch out for. Can this be the end of Facebook?

The Google+ Project, the latest innovative endeavour of Google Inc., features a handful of cool services that will certainly lure people towards it.

For starters, users can cluster their contacts into Circles. You don't want to share everything with everyone. You might want to share a particular update with a very few close friends but hide it from others. You might want to keep your family members away from conversations and updates between friends.

Creating Circles helps you do that. You can have, for example, family members and relatives into one, your colleagues into another, school friends into another Circle and so on. It helps you manage your information flow more wisely.

“But we have privacy settings,” I imagine a tense Zuckerberg insisted. Sure, Facebook does have privacy settings, but Google+ allows this same function in a more interesting, interactive and easier way.

Another function that is somewhat an extension of the previous one is called Huddle. You are outdoors and you feel like having a chat with a Circle. Your mobile phone will come handy. Instead of sending SMS, you can enjoy a chat -- a conference if you will -- among all the members of a circle.

An even better version of Huddle is what Google+ calls Hangout. Up to ten users can have a live video chat on this program. With the help of web cam, the interface shows the person who's speaking on a wide screen, while the listeners are portrayed on smaller screens below. As soon as another friend starts to speak, the bigger screen will switch to show him.

Facebook will be wiped away along with Skype, you may think now. But the twenty seven year old billionaire is surely not looking at retirement plans. Just a few days back, Skype and Facebook joined arms to bring the option of video conferencing into the latter. Good luck, Google!

Moreover, the overall layout of Google+ seems strikingly similar to that of Facebook. It won't probably offer anything unique in that area. You'll get the constant news feed much the same way its on Facebook, except that Newsfeed is renamed Stream.

However, another new thing Google+ is offering is what they call Sparks. Primarily a search engine, Google+ also enables users to search information, but in an even better way than that of the normal one you use now. Browsers of Google+ can save the topics they are passionate about and share them with their various Circles. The search, perhaps, may become more customised.

Would you switch to Google+ and break Mark Zuckerberg's heart? Well, the former has come up with various reasons why you should. And, according to a survey on The Christian Post, around 42 percent believe Facebook might just have to abdicate its online social networking throne after all. But a similar percentage of people think both will exist side by side.

Is the world really big enough for both? Probably, yes. If I were Zuckerberg's advisor, I would say he needs to have a real close eye on his rival and in no way allow it to have a competitive edge, like the concept of Circle that Google+ has come up with (therefore, don't get surprised if Facebook comes up with a series of their own innovations in the near future). I'll also pat him on the back for striking the deal with Skype to incorporate video chats on Facebook.

There's no doubt Facebook will be in trouble when Google+ hits the market on a large scale; it will be trendy and cool, the ultimate “in” thing, and it will draw the masses like no other. But will it be good enough to defeat Facebook?

Silicon Valley, along with the rest of the world, is anxious to find out.

By M H Haider


Face-off for Facebook?

A new club has opened in town; it is said to be the new hot spot and everyone who is anyone can be seen there. I so want to visit it. But, wait a second when I try to enter it I can't. They say you have to be on the invites list to be able to enter into the unknown awesomeness of the realms that lay beyond.

Sounds like a scene from a chick flick doesn't it? But, it is actually not. Being a “digital” Bangladeshi, I am talking about nothing other than our digital lives. Since we, the people of the 21st century, have taken the saying “man is a social animal” too seriously and thus make it a point to socialise with everybody, known or unknown, every waking and even sleeping hour in order to let them know what we are doing, social networking sites can figuratively be said to be our clubs. These are where we gossip, where we show off, where we meet people.

All this time Facebook has been the “club” to be in, but now there is a fancier and more exclusive one around the corner, Google Plus. Why exclusive? Like I said before, you have to have an invitation to be able to access it. For quite a few days now I have been prying around the Google Plus website trying to get past the demo, finally assuming that they were not letting people in yet. Imagine my disappointment when just this morning I was informed that all my endeavours were in vain because I needed an invitation to enter. While people get to use its supposedly fun hangout, 'spark' and what not fancy-named functions I get their demos! People seem to be rushing to join it by the dozens which is only evident by the smug little notice that they have put up saying that they have crossed their limit at the moment.

Facebook now faces stiff competition by the looks of the traffic the new kid on the block is attracting. The big question remains whether Facebook will lose this battle of supremacy. That will be answered in good time while we keep guessing how it will turn out to be. Till then I think I will go and try to pull a few strings for an invite.

By Karishma Ameen


Saving your clothes from monsoon

After melting us like candle wax for months with the fiery heat that has been hovering over our heads, soaring temperatures have finally decided to take a back seat. Finally Mother Nature has drawn a curtain of clouds over the stage thus ending the sun's seemingly never-ending role this season. The season of romance has arrived and along with turning on nature's air-conditioner it has also turned on nature's showers.

Now that the sweat stains on our favourite dresses are no longer a matter of concern, several other problems have arisen with the heavy downpours. Despite being a season much longed for, monsoon is not very kind to our wardrobes. Thus, we have to be extremely careful regarding our outfits, whether we wear them or leave them in the closet if we wish them to survive through the rainy season. Here are a few tips that will help give your clothes a longer life-span.

Monsoon maybe a difficult season for your clothes but that is no reason to worry much. These minimal precautions will definitely be more than enough to take them through the season.

Come monsoon, make sure you bring out your cotton clothes for use. Cotton is the best material to wear with the rain pouring throughout the day, it is comfortable to wear and dries fast in case you get wet.

If you wash your clothes in the washing machine make sure to brush and wash the mud stained parts before putting the clothes in.

Clothes have a tendency of giving off a foul odour during this season. This can be avoided by using scented detergents or ironing clothes on steam setting using scented water such as lavender water.

Perhaps the biggest problem for clothes stored in the wardrobe is moulds. Wardrobes become hot and humid thus encouraging mildew to grow on clothes. This can be avoided by placing silica gel pouches which absorb moisture. Also leave the closet doors a little open to let air in and prevent the musty smell. Running your hair drier over the clothes is also a good option.

If you do not have a drier then drying your clothes out in the balcony or roof-top is out of the question with the constant rain. Cloth hanging racks, widely available in the market, can be used to hang and dry clothes under the fan.

Avoid wearing heavy silk, jute and brocade materials as they take too long to dry. Another big no-no is denims. We all know how difficult it is to not don that favourite pair of jeans at least once a week, but drying them will take almost half a week.

The mud loves your whites as much as you do and you definitely do not want a love affair between the two of them. So, stay away from light colours as much as possible. Along with that avoid wearing long flowing clothes.

By Karishma Ameen


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