Taste of initiative Chess
all players love to attack. The taste of initiative is so
good that very few can resist the temptation of advancing
towards the enemy position with their troops. But attacking
alone won't win the game for you. The attack must be based
on a thorough preparation. If only a part of the army is conducting
the hostile operations, chances are that they will be beaten
back by the enemy. And you will be left with a ruptured position.
must not hurry. The pieces have to be developed to their best
squares early in the game. Usually, the minor pieces-- the
knight and the bishop--must be brought into play before the
major ones like the queen and the rook. The reason is that
if you advance your queen deep into the enemy territory very
early, she will have to duck the blows from the lighter infantry
and retreat empty-handed. That's a lesson for the players
who bring out the queen before developing the lighter pieces
and hope for a quick checkmate.
also has some psychological advantages. You may feel relaxed
because the opponent remains busy defending against your threats.
It may also give you some sense of accomplishment as the spectators
usually love to see fireworks.
said, an attacker's life is not easy. While a defender has
to calculate the deadly moves that might be made, an attacker
has to take care of a much greater number of possibilities.
That happens because there may be many ways of defending a
position . You don't always get a position where the defender
has to make a single forced move . The attacker will also
come under pressure when he sacrifices material for , say,
a direct attack on the king. If this attack fails and the
material cannot be recovered , he will be left with a hopeless
position in the ending. Such a position is psychologically
very difficult to accept, after having command over the game
for a long time.
Botvinnik demonstrates in the following game how to play against
a great attacking player. The basic theme is: simplify as
much as possible!
Black- Mikhail Botvinnik
Championship Match, Moscow 1961
1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.e5 Bf5 4.h4 h6 5.g4 Bd7 6.c3 c5 7.Bg2 e6
8.Ne2 Bb5 9.Na3 Bxe2 10.Qxe2 cxd4 11.cxd4 Bxa3 12.bxa3 Nc6
13.Be3 Qa5+ 14.Kf1 Nge7 15.Rb1 Rb8 16.Bh3 Qa4 17.Rd1 Qxa3
18.Kg2 Qa6 19.Qxa6 bxa6 20.h5 Kd7 21.Rb1 Rb6 22.Kg3 Na5 23.Rxb6
axb6 24.f4 Nc4 25.Bc1 Nc6 26.Rd1 Nb4 27.a3 Na2 28.f5 Nxc1
29.Rxc1 b5 30.Ra1 Ke7 31.Kf4 Rc8 32.g5 hxg5+ 33.Kxg5 exf5
34.Bxf5 Rc6 35.Kf4 Rh6 36.Bg4 Rc6 37.Rc1 f6 38.Bf5 fxe5+ 39.dxe5
Nxe5 40.Rd1 Kd6 41.Be4 Rc5 0-1