World of the Nobels
1.Which prize category was not stipulated in Alfred
was the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize in Literature?
o Rabindranath Tagore
o Wilhem Conrad Röntgen
o Pearl Buck
o Naguib Mahfouz
was the youngest person to win the Nobel Prize?
o Carl David Anderson
o Martin Luther King, Jr.
o Sir William Lawrence Bragg
was the only person to win the Nobel Prize twice -- in both
Peace and Chemistry?
o John Bardeen
o Linus Pauling
o Marie Curie
o Frederick Sanger
invention brought Alfred Nobel fame and fortune?
of the following is not a valid Nobel Prize category?
of the following relations are not wife and husband Nobel
Prize winning teams?
Nobel Laureate worked briefly as an assistant to Alfred Nobel?
o Emil Fischer
o Bertha von Suttner
o Jean Dunant
o Marie Curie
Nobel category does not yet have a single female laureate?
2.In 1913, Rabindranath Tagore of India was the first non-European
to win the Nobel Prize in Literature.
3.Sir William Lawrence Bragg, at age 25, was the youngest
person to win the Nobel Prize. He and his father, Sir William
Henry Bragg, won the award for their analysis of crystal structure
by means of X-rays. Carl David Anderson was the ripe-old age
of 31 when he received his prize for the discovery of the
proton, disqualifying him for the youngest recipient, despite
what his biography, The Discovery of Anti-Matter : The Autobiography
of Carl David Anderson, the Youngest Man to Win the Nobel
Prize, would have us believe. Martin Luther King, Jr., received
the Nobel Peace Prize at age 35. Marie Curie was 36 when she
received her first Nobel Prize in physics and 44 when she
received her second Nobel in Chemistry.
4.Linus Pauling was the only person who received Nobel Prizes
in Chemistry and Peace.Marie Curie was the only person ever
to win both the Chemistry and the Physics Nobel. However,
John Bardeen and Frederick Sanger have won two Nobels each,
in physics and chemistry, respectively.
5.Dynamite. Alfred Nobel started experimenting with nitroglycerine
in 1860 and received the patent in 1867.
Sir William Lawrence Bragg and his father, Sir William Henry
Bragg, won the award for their analysis of crystal structure
by means of X-rays. Pierre and Marie Curie won the Nobel Prize
in Physics for their work in radiation. Their daughter Irene,
along with her husband, Frederic Joliot, would later win the
Nobel Prize in Chemistry for their synthesis of new radioactive
elements. Carl and Gerty Cori worked as a team in their discovery
of the catalytic conversion of glycogen and in their marriage.
8.Bertha von Suttner.
Countess Bertha Kinsky responded to an advertisement from
Alfred Nobel in the paper for "Wealthy, highly-educated
elderly gentleman seeks lady of mature age, versed in languages,
as secretary and supervisor of household." She worked
only briefly for Nobel since she returned to Austria shortly
thereafter in order to marry Count Arthur von Suttner. The
two, however, remained friends. Countess von Suttner, a prominent
peace advocate, was no doubt a great influence on Nobel. In
1905, she would win the peace prize in her own right.
Economics is the only category in which the Nobel Prize is
yet to be awarded to a woman. In a small (but not cheap!)
consolation, the 1995 economics prize was shared by a woman.
Robert E. Lucas, the University of Chicago professor who won
the 1995 Nobel Prize in Economics for his work on the theory
of "rational expectations," had to split the $1
million prize with his ex-wife. Seven years before, she had
her divorce lawyer insert a clause that would cover such an
eventuality. Under the property settlement, if her ex-husband
had won the prize the following year, he would have been able
to keep the whole thing. Mrs. Lucas was apparently acting
on her own set of rational expectations, since eight University
of Chicago professors have won the Nobel Prize so far; Lucas
was the fifth in the last six years.
(R) thedailystar.net 2004