Kabul was founded more than 3000 years ago on the river of the same name, and it was made capital in 1774.
Canberra was built for the sole purpose of being the capital city.
Construction of the city started in 1913 but it was not until 1927 that it became the capital. The previous capital was Melbourne.
Sofia was founded by Romans in the 2nd century, and it became capital of Bulgaria in 1879.
4. Big river
Ottawa developed in the 1820s due to the presence of the headquarters of the British Royal Engineers. It became capital in the mid-1800s.
5. Northern capital
Beijing was founded on the site of a previous Chinese capital, Ch'i, about 3000 years ago.
6. Place where wood has been burnt
Prague began as a settlement in the 9th century. Another derivation is "praha" which means "threshold."
7. Smoky inlet
First settled in 870, Reykjavik became capital in 1786.
8. Black pool
Dublin was founded by Norsemen in the 9th century.
Ankara is derived from the Indo-European root "ank" meaning hook (anchor). It became capital in 1923.
10. The Duke of Wellington
The Duke of Wellington, the hero of Waterloo, was honoured by having the capital of New Zealand named after him in 1840.