The Daily Star

Your Right To Know
Tuesday, July 22, 2014


News of: Saturday, 30th of May, 2009

Front Page

River authorities guilty too

Bangladesh Inland Water Transport Authority (BIWTA), the organisation responsible to protect the rivers from encroachers, has set up structures on the filled-up land and rented out those, apparently encouraging these greedy people to violate the laws.

Diarrhoea takes alarming turn, cry for food, water

Diarrhoea spreads fast in some upazilas of Satkhira, Khulna and Barisal districts as thousands of cyclone-affected people there are forced to drink contaminated and salty water.

Killing in 'crossfire' causing concern

Despite repeated protests at home and abroad, extra-judicial killings by the law enforcers continue unabated, causing concern among the people.

Businesses worried as extortionists active again

Around 300 gangs have struck panic into the hearts of Dhaka's businesses since extortion-related crimes have spiralled out of control, with two people dead and around 50 people shot in connection with extortion in the last two months.

Bodies for policy guidance to fight grab delayed

The government could not constitute the National Integrity Advisory Committee (NIAC) and the Ethics Committee within the specified time since the National Integrity Strategy (NIS) is yet to be finalised, officials concerned said.

Traders reap benefits as paddy sells at low prices

It is not the farmers, but the traders are reaping the benefits of public procurement of rice as the peasants are selling paddy at much lower prices than the government's fixed rate in this Boro season due to the present procurement system.

Peacekeepers earn global respect, help improve ties

Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina said the services of heroic army and police personnel of Bangladesh would continue in the UN peacekeeping missions and in other diplomatic endeavours to ensure a peaceful and prosperous world for the next generations.

War criminals' trial won't be a victor's justice: FM

Foreign Minister Dipu Moni yesterday said she has been attending international conferences and meeting with foreign leaders to garner support for the government's move to try the war criminals of 1971.

BNP demands all-party JS probe body

Rejecting the government probe report on BDR carnage, BNP yesterday demanded formation of a powerful all-party parliamentary committee to identify the perpetrators, planners and behind-the-scenes instigators of the carnage.

Cabinet likely to approve child labour eradication

The cabinet is expected to approve in its next meeting the much-awaited Child Labour Eradication Policy for welfare and protection of working children, said Labour and Employment Minister Khandaker Mosharraf Hossain.

BDR report made public in full: Home minister

Home Minister Sahara Khatun yesterday brushed aside BNP secretary general's allegation about partial release of the government probe body report on BDR carnage and said the authorities had made the report public in full.

4 shot in 3 attacks

Four people, including two contractors and a physician, were shot and wounded in three separate incidents of gun attacks in the city's Mohammadpur and Pallabi yesterday.

Rally for rivers

Industrial waste has polluted Dhaka's rivers beyond purification. Even the groundwater in Hazaribagh is polluted. The putrid stench of Wasa water now seems trivial compared to its lethal health effects. Dhaka dwellers face the disturbing prospect of importing bottled water from abroad in a country known as the Land of Rivers. Meanwhile, the arteries of Dhaka's four rivers - Buriganga, Shitalakhya, Turag and Balu - are being choked by the infinite greed of encroachers. Ruthless in approach and powerful in practice, these encroachers continue their mindless destruction with impunity by maneuvering the legal system and pocketing the police. The seemingly invincible encroachers and polluters now threaten the future of rivers and our city. Lend your hands and together we can win a war.

Most BNP leaders keep safe distance

Most policymakers and other senior leaders of BNP appear to be very cautious about getting involved in the process of resolving the persisting intra-party feuds.

Anniversary of Zia's death today

The main opposition BNP today observes the 28th death anniversary of its founder late president Ziaur Rahman.

3 of a family killed in road accident

At least four people including three of a family were killed and another was injured yesterday in a head-on collision between a private car and a bus at Chunati of Lohagara Upazila in Chittagong.

Daud brought to Dhaka for interrogation

Detective Branch (DB) of Police yesterday brought detained Abdur Rauf Daud Merchant, a close aide to mafia don Daud Ibrahim, and his two accomplices to Dhaka from Brahmanbaria for interrogation.

Probe into RU corruption has started: VC

Rajshahi University Vice Chancellor Prof Abdus Sobhan yesterday said the university authorities started investigation into the alleged corruption, nepotism and politicisation by former RU VC, pro-VC and other high officials during the tenure of BNP-Jamaat government.

Police verifying Daud's fake passport

Brahmanbaria Sadar Police Station yesterday began to verify the fake one-stop passport of arrested Indian citizen Abdur Rauf Daud Merchant, a suspected associate of Mafia don Daud Ibrahim.

Over 20,000 Tamils killed in final Lankan onslaught

More than 20,000 Tamil civilians were killed in the final onslaught by the Sri Lankan government on separatist rebels this month, which ended Asia's longest civil war, a British newspaper said yesterday.

Mosque bombing kills 23 in Iran

A bomb blast at a Shia mosque in the southeastern Iranian city of Zahedan on Thursday killed at least 23 worshippers and wounded 80 others, the official IRNA news agency reported.

India economic growth beats forecasts

India reported unexpectedly robust economic growth Friday, sending stocks to a near nine-month high, as analysts said the worst may be over for Asia's third-largest economy.

Taliban suspects among Pakistani refugees

Police have arrested 39 suspected Taliban fighters hiding among refugees from a military offensive against militants from Pakistan's Swat Valley region, a senior officer said yesterday.

Oil hits new 6-month high above $65

Oil extended gains above $65 a barrel Friday to reach a fresh six-month high after the US reported a fall in oil inventories and further signs of economic improvement.

Editorial

The high-aiming ADP

THE government has announced a Taka 30,000 crore Annual Development Programme (ADP) for the 2009-10 fiscal triggering a spate of debate over its size which has been dubbed as ambitious by most economists.

After Cyclone Aila . . .

THE severity of Cyclone Aila, which hit south-western Bangladesh last week, is only now beginning to come into sharper focus. The number of the dead appears to be going up and is now close to two hundred. The damage caused to homesteads and crops has been serious enough to be compared to the loss caused by Sidr in 2007. The state of things at present seems to be getting increasingly newer dimensions with every passing day. Survivors have been left without food and drinking water. A very large number of them are marooned all across the region, with relief workers unable to reach them with the help they need. Add to that the incidence of diseases, such as diarrhoea, which have been afflicting them.

Preventing radicalisation

BANGLADESH polity is now challenged by hostile groups that profess a philosophy of life and of government that is inimical to our own. In fact, we are now facing an adversary who is armed enough to commit widespread violence. In our free society, while our defenses and deterrents are largely prepared in open fashion, our new antagonists have succeeded in building a formidable wall of secrecy and security. So, to bridge the gap and warn ourselves in time, we have to rely more and more upon our intelligence operations. There is a need to break through the shield of secrecy of the bigots. Special techniques, which are unique to secret intelligence operations, are needed to penetrate the security barriers of the extremist outfits.

Pollution and waste management

THE advent of summer this year has underlined once again the vulnerabilities of the residents of Dhaka. Photographs published in the print media and coverage in the electronic media has highlighted the paucity of clean fresh water and long queues of frustrated, angry inhabitants. There were also references to prevalence of severe diarrhea, with around 1,000 peoplemostly children and slum-dwellershospitalised every day at the ICCDRB. Attending physicians have mentioned that the admission rate was about 4-5 times higher than usual.

Sports

A walk in the park

The main feature of Bangladesh's second practice was some inspired batting and the Tigers really made it a joy-filled afternoon's cricket for the few hundred that came to the St. Lawrence Ground.

Sabuj Sena win big

Sabuj Sena Club of Faridpur wiped out Football Player's Welfare Association 7-0 in the Bashundhara Champions Club Cup at the Gopalganj Stadium yesterday.

Ana, Dinara roll on

Defending champion Ana Ivanovic and top seed Dinara Safina moved a step closer to a quarterfinal showdown at the French Open on Friday as both brushed aside third round opponents.

Rain shortens Day Two

Rain played havoc on the second day of Bangladesh A's four-day match against Maharashtra Cricket Asso-ciation at the Shaheed Chandu Stadium in Bogra yesterday.

Rubel strikes two blows

Pacer Rubel Hossain picked up two wickets as Scotland were struggling against Bangladesh in the third practice match at the Wormsley cricket ground yesterday.

Javed weaves magic over Shingra

Javed of Laxmi Narayan Cotton Mills scored a double hattrick to send Shingra Dum Dum Pilot School and College tumbling to a 8-0 loss in the Citycell National School Football Championship at the Bangabandhu National Stadium yesterday.

Rajshahi clinch U-16 title

Rajshahi North banked on Ahmedul Kabir and Jubairul Islam to thrash Dhaka North by 121 runs in the final of the Standard Chartered Young Tigers Under-16 cricket tournament at the Rajshahi Divisional Stadium yesterday.

Don't forget the Tigers

Given Bangladesh's track record, few rivals will lose sleep over Mohammad Ashraful's men during the World Twenty20 tournament.

Ponting fires a shot

Australia captain Ricky Ponting has warned England that playing Andrew Flintoff in the forthcoming Ashes series could be fatal if the all-rounder is not fully fit.

Fatigue India's worry

Tired limbs, jaded minds and a tricky draw have toughened India's path as Mahendra Singh Dhoni's men defend their World Twenty20 title in England next month.

Zia maintains 2nd position

Grand Master Ziaur Rahman preserved his second position with Indian GM Sandipan Chanda, after his win over Xiu Deshun of China in the 2nd Subic Open International Chess Tournament in seven rounds yesterday at Olongapo City.

Fans cheer their heroes

Tens of thousands of ecstatic fans cheered Barcelona's Champions League heroes during a victory parade through the city centre in an open-top bus Thursday.

Everton ready to step up

Everton midfielder Tim Cahill believes Saturday's FA Cup final against Chelsea represents the chance to start a golden era for David Moyes' team.

Drogba ready to make amends

Ivory Coast striker Didier Drogba has offered to make a second apology to referee Tom Henning Ovrebo for his wild-eyed rant after Chelsea's Champions League semifinal exit to Barcelona.

China hold Germany

New coach Gao Hongbo got his reign off to a promising beginning as China drew 1-1 in a friendly against an under-strength Germany in front of a passionate home crowd in Shanghai.

Perez promises beautiful game

Former Real Madrid president Florentino Perez, set automatically to take charge of the club again on June 1, has promised to deliver fans the beautiful game as they try to move beyond Barcelona's year of hegemony.

Barca saw 'Gladiator' before final

To motivate his players for the Champions League final in Rome, the Barcelona coach showed them clips from the film "Gladiator" just minutes before the match, a news report said Friday.

Niko Kovac ends career

Former Croatian captain Niko Kovac is retiring from football, his Austrian club Red Bull Salzburg announced on its website Friday.

Lippi saves big guns for Confed Cup

Italy coach Marcello Lippi has left his top players out of his squad for next month's friendly against Northern Ireland, keeping them fresh for the Confederations Cup in South Africa.

India Mickey's choice

Mickey Arthur, the South Africa coach, has said India is the team he will be keeping an eye on during the World Twenty20 because the defending champions have more game-breakers than most other teams. South Africa, he said, would be "very, very formidable" too because of their flexibility, unpredictability, batting depth and fielding.

Yousuf, Razzak cleared

Pakistan on Friday accepted the resignations of Mohammad Yousuf and Abdul Razzaq from a rebel Indian cricket league, clearing the way for them to be selected for the national team, an official said.

Younus targets title

Pakistan captain Younus Khan is confident his team can go one better in the World Twenty20 after finishing runners-up last time to bitter rivals India.

An emotional return

Sri Lanka's cricketers will play together for the first time since surviving a horrific terror attack in March when they take part in the World Twenty20 tournament in England.

Zaheer likely to recover

India's key paceman Zaheer Khan is likely to regain fitness for next month's Twenty20 World Championships in England, his captain said on Friday.

Dilip warns of excess cricket

Dilip Vengsarkar, the former India captain, has warned of a possible "cricket overkill" in India because of the long IPL schedule and fears that many players in the Indian team may be mentally tired as they leave on Friday for the ICC World Twenty20 in England just four days after the Indian league ended in South Africa.

Metropolitan

Declare Bagerhat shrimp farm disaster zone

Bagerhat Shrimp Cultivators' Association (BSCA) has demanded that the government declare Bagerhat district a disaster zone for shrimp farms as cyclone Aila had dealt a severe blow to this sector here.

Campaign buzzing with pledges for change

Members of Prothom Alo Bandhusabha yesterday formed a human chain on the bank of the Bakkhali river in Cox's Bazar demanding immediate steps for excavation to save it which is about to die.

Home minister vows to stamp out militancy

Home Minister Advocate Sahara Khatun yesterday reiterated her vow to stamp out militancy and terrorism even at the cost of her life, if necessary.

Three killed in road accidents

Two people were killed and 22 others injured in a road accident at Ekorchali Balabari point on the Dhaka-Dinajpur highway under Taraganj upazila here yesterday, police sources said.

Fake stamps worth Tk 2cr seized

Police seized a huge quantity of fake stamps worth over Tk two crore, certificates and licences from the city's Narinda area and also arrested two people in this connection yesterday.

4 accused held in Ibrahim killing case

Detective Branch (DB) of Police arrested four accused in a murder case in the port city in the last two days.

China Red Cross donation for Aila victims

China has expressed deep shock at the loss of lives and properties caused by cyclone Aila that left a trail of devastation in the southern coastal districts of the country.

'Spread Bratachari movement for nat'l development'

Speakers at a discussion yesterday called for spreading out the Bratachari movement to encourage people to work for individual and national development.

DUDS executives

Al Amin Chowdhury Sumon and Rakibul Islam have been elected president and general secretary of Dhaka University Debating Society (DUDS) for the term 2009-10.

'Save Buriganga, bring land grabbers to book'

Environmentalists staged demonstrations in the city and Narayanganj yesterday protesting encroachment of the river Buriganga, says a press release.

Call to improve quality of higher education

Chairman of the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Education Ministry Rashed Khan Menon underscored the need for improving the standard of education in the private universities in order to ensure quality of education at higher levels.

Fix priority in implementing pledges

The government must fix the priority in implementing its pledges made in its election manifesto, said the speakers at a discussion yesterday.

Govt to set up English Edn Academy

The government has decided to establish a permanent 'English Education Academy' to make teachers more efficient in English to help enhance the skills of the secondary-level students in this language.

Science Olympiad in December

Bangladesh Academy of Sciences (BAS) is going to launch 'Science Olympiad' across the country in order to make the students more interested in science education.

Women should unite to ensure equal rights

Noted Indian economist Prof Bina Agarwal has said collective action is necessary to remove the gender inequality and ensure equal rights and status of women in society.

Auditing taxpayers' files starts after couple of years

The National Board of Revenue (NBR) has started auditing the taxpayers' files after a lapse of a couple of years.

Children's festival held

Dano Kidz Camp, a festival for children, was held in the city yesterday.

National

Patuakhali coastal forests depleting as timber looting goes unabated

Reserve forests in coastal areas of Patuakhali, especially in Kalapara and Galachipa upazilas, are gradually disappearing as organised gangs are stealing away timber allegedly in connivance with a section of forest department staff and law enforcers.

RU halls reopen today amid tight security

All the 16 residential halls of Rajshahi University (RU) will reopen amid tight security today after 79 days' unscheduled closure following March 13 bloody clashes on the campus.

10 students expelled from Kuet hall

Ten resident students of Khulna University of Engineering and Technology (Kuet) have been expelled from their dormitory as probe committee found their involvement in assaulting three journalists.

BSF pushes in 11Indians

Indian Border Security Force (BSF) yesterday pushed 11 Bangla- speaking Indian nationals, including seven children, into Bangladesh territory through Patolshah border under Dinajpur Sadar upazila, according to the BDR sources.

Newborn named Aila

Born at Madinabad cyclone centre in Koira upazila of the district on Thursday morning, she has been named Aila.

Arms peddler arrested

Rab arrested an arms peddler at Marufdah village in Jibonnagar upazila of Chuadanga yesterday. A team of Rab-6 raided the house of Sajjad Hossain, 36 at 11:30 am and arrested him with a rifle. Police said Sajjad was wanted in several cases including one for murder.

Gun seized in Comilla

Police recovered one light gun (LG) from Kalirbazar under Sadar Daksin upazila early yesterday. Informed, police raided Kalirbazar Primary School where a gang of criminals was holding a secret meeting at around 3:00am. Sensing the presence of the law enforcers, the gang fled the scene leaving the gun.

Abducted trader found dead

Police yesterday recovered the body of an abducted trader five days after his abduction in Kumarkhali upazila of the district. Sayeed Hossain, 25, was abducted by unidentified criminals on Monday. Family sources said a gang of criminals demanded money from Sayeed. As he refused to oblige, they threatened to kill him. Sayeed was missing on Monday while going to local Poradh Bazar. Local people found his body in a pond of the village and informed the police. Police recovered the body and sent to Kushtia General Hospital. A case was filed with Kumarkhali Police Station.

Two murdered in Jessore

Two people were killed in separate incidents in Jessore district Thursday night. Police and locals said Abdul Jalil, 40, of Baliadanga village under Sadar upazila, was beaten to death by Azim and Islam from whom he allegedly took some money as loan but failed to repay in time. Another unknown person, aged about 35, was stabbed to death by snatchers in RN Road area in the town, police said.

Housewife killed by lightning

A housewife was killed and three others were injured by lightning in Shalikha upazila of Magura yesterday. The dead was identified as Shyamoli Rani Debnath, 28, of village Dewadanga. Injured Shanti Rani, 50, Promise, 5, and Sumi, 26, were admitted to Shalikha Upazila Health Complex. Locals said they were struck by a thunderbolt while sitting at the veranda of a house at village Dewadanga during heavy rain.

Three drown in pond

Three children of a family drowned in a pond at Gojaria village under Sadar upazila of the district yesterday. The dead are Farhana, 9, Mujibur, 7, and Aleya, 6. Family sources said the three drowned while taking bath in the pond.

8 shops gutted in Rangamati

Eight shops were gutted in a fire at Bottali Bazar under Baghaichhari upazila of Rangamati district on Thursday. Local people and army personnel brought the fire under control after an hour. Police quoted witnesses as saying that the fire originated from an oven in the market and soon engulfed the eight adjoining shops.

International

Lanka still refusing access to war victims, says UN

Sri Lanka is still refusing to provide aid workers with full access to hundreds of thousands of displaced Tamil civilians despite an appeal by United Nations chief Ban Ki-moon, the UN said yesterday.

Pakistan raises bounty on Fazlullah tenfold

Reinforcing the belief that Swat Taliban commander Maulana Fazlullah is still alive, the Pakistani government Friday raised the bounty on his head tenfold to a staggering Rs.50 million ($617,000).

35 more militants killed in Afghanistan

The US military said Friday that troops killed 35 militants in clashes and air strikes in Afghanistan, the latest in a recent upsurge of heavy battles in insurgent strongholds across the war-torn country.

Pakistan making more deadly, deliverable nukes: US think tank

Pakistan is likely supplementing or replacing its current uranium-based nuclear weapon arsenal with plutonium-based weapons that will be more destructive and deliverable, says a US think tank.

N Korea vows response if UN imposes sanctions

North Korea yesterday threatened fresh steps to defend itself if world powers impose sanctions for its nuclear test, but the United States said it had enough troops in South Korea to protect its ally.

New Indian ministers take charge

Newly inducted ministers took charge of their offices in different ministries yesterday.

Lawyers of Suu Kyi's optimistic about case

Lawyers for Myanmar opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi expressed optimism about her case after the only witness allowed to testify for the defence addressed the court in her trial on charges of violating house arrest.

UN disarmament forum unlocks global nuclear talks

Nuclear powers broke more than decade of deadlock on Friday by agreeing to restart talks in the Conference on Disarmament, a UN spokeswoman and diplomats said.

World battles to stop spread of swine flu

Health authorities around the world battled yesterday to stop the spread of swine flu with schools in Europe closed, while the death toll mounted in Mexico.

Karunanidhi appoints son as Deputy CM

Tamil Nadu Chief Minister M Karunanidhi's son, M K Stalin has been appointed as Deputy Chief Minister.

Tribal clashes in Sudan region kill 244

Clashes between two major Arab nomadic tribes in Sudan's South Kordofan region this past week have killed 244 people, including police officers, Interior Minister Ibrahim Mahmoud Hamad said Thursday.

Obama meets Abbas, ups pressure on Israel

US President Barack Obama Thursday renewed pressure on Israel but rejected a timetable for his peace drive, noting domestic pressures heaped on Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.

'Climate change kills 300,000 a year'

Climate change is responsible for the deaths of 300,000 people every year and costs 125 billion dollars (90 billion euros) annually, a new report said yesterday.

Emotional funeral for S Korea's Roh

A sea of wailing mourners filled the streets of Seoul for the funeral Friday of ex-President Roh Moo-hyun, whose suicide six days earlier amid a deepening corruption probe by the government plunged South Korea into grief and anger.

US Army testing gun that can take out ' bad guys' hiding around corners

The US Army is set to start testing a computerised, high-tech projectile launcher that can take out bad guys hiding around corners and in caves or trenches, even if they are out of a soldier's line of sight.

Huge undersea mountain found off Indonesia

A massive underwater mountain discovered off the Indonesian island of Sumatra could be a volcano with potentially catastrophic power, a scientist said yesterday.

Arts & Entertainment

A walk to remember: Timeless Mughal magic

In 1608, Dhaka was made the capital of the vast eastern provinces of the mighty Mughal Empire, then at the zenith of its power. From then on, the term “Puran (Old) Dhaka” frequently appeared in the journals of Mughal generals. Within 100 years, it was transformed from a garrison town, into a flourishing, cosmopolitan city with a population of approximately 700,000, and an impressive 11-mile long waterfront.

Baul Pagla Bablu: Living, breathing and performing Lalon’s songs

Baul Pagla Bablu's reputation as an accomplished artiste transcends his native Faridpur; the Lalon singer is now a familiar name across the country. Bablu not only renders the songs of Lalon but also believes in and preaches the philosophy of the bard as an effort to uphold humanity.

Hyder Husyn and Pathik Nabi on Amar Ami

Musicians Hyder Husyn and Pathik Nabi are the guests on tonight's "Amar Ami," Banglavision's popular talk show.

Bangla Academy observes Nazrul birth anniversary

Bangla Academy observed the 110th birth anniversary of our National Poet Kazi Nazrul Islam at the seminar hall of the academy on May 28. The event included a discussion, recitation and musical programme featuring eminent Nazrul Sangeet artistes.

Eminem out-sells other US albums

Eminem's new record "Relapse" has sold more copies in its first week of release than any other album released in the US this year.

OP-ED

Ziaur Rahman: From sector commander to president

GENERAL Ziaur Rahman, by the time he was assassinated in an army putsch in Chittagong deep in the night of May 30, 1981, had been president of Bangladesh for four years. If you add to that period the months in which he was effectively in charge as military leader of the country since November 7, 1975, you could say he was in control of Bangladesh for five and a half years. In all that time, there were no fewer than eighteen (some say the figure is higher) coup attempts against him. He did not survive the nineteenth, which was ostensibly led by Major General M.A. Manzoor.

The era of women empowerment and 39 lashes

I wish I did not have to write this piece. One must do it since there has been a silence on the part of the commentators and the politicians, except this daily which published a strongly worded editorial on this issue on May 26. Moreover, the incident had taken place next door to the upazila where I come from. Yes, I am talking about the recent incident at a village in Daudkandi, where a girl was whipped with 39 lashes in the presence of a few hundred peoplethe outcome of a decree of a local salish.

Save rivers, save Dhaka

THE four rivers, Buriganga, Shitalakkhya, Turag and Balu, that surrounded Dhaka city are being polluted by industrial wastes and encroached upon by land grabbers to such an extent that they could cause an environmental disaster for the city dwellers.

Remembering a litterateur

A poet and writer of renown Khaleda Adib Chowdhury passed away on May 28, 2008.

Environment

Conserving plant genetic resources at community level

A good part of villagers in Bangladesh invest considerable time and energy in subsidiary economic gardening. This is often in the form of a vegetable garden and tree orchard on whatever household land is available to them. In fact this has been the mainstay both for the basic nutrition balance and the homestead forestry contribution of which in the rural economy and its well-being is well recognised. However, the practitioners of such gardening usually follow traditional technologies, and the absence of better seeds has been one of their acute problems. The extent of support services for farmers during the last decade in Bangladesh has proved efficacious.

Disposing of solid waste with prudence

Generation of solid waste in voluminous amount in modern cities has multifarious environmental implications. So its management is one of major environmental concerns. Municipal solid waste not only contains solid phase waste but also many semisolid or liquid, at times volatile substances. Over time it degrades with action of microbes and creates nuisance to the citizens if not properly handled and disposed of. Solid waste containing organic substances may pollute surface and ground water, air and soil, but can be very useful resource if properly managed.

Cost effective, environment friendly boro rice cultivation

BORO rice in Bangladesh, either HYV (High Yielding Variety) or traditional variety covering more than 4.5 million ha, is entirely irrigated production, mostly with underground water. Irrigation has become a very costly input in rice production because of increasing cost of fuel. Farmers pay about 25-30% of the price of their harvest for irrigation. For producing 1 kg of paddy, it is estimated that a farmer has to use 3-4 thousand liters of water for maintaining pond water during the growing stage of plants. As a result, besides the increased cost of irrigation, groundwater level is also declining due to excessive withdrawal threatening the environment. Therefore research has been conducted through BRRI-IRRI collaboration for long to develop water saving techniques in rice cultivation by the alternate wetting and drying (AWD) method.

Literature

A 'Rat' Encounter, Or Two...

My de-mystification process with the 'Rat' began one afternoon during my PhD studies at Boston University in 1987. I knew the Rat's location, and made my way from the graduate student office next to Commonwealth Avenue, continued along that thoroughfare, and then past another city landmark, Kenmore Square. The walk was all of five minutes, give or take a few seconds. It was the swansong of high summer, and the heat that day was oppressive, turning my T-shirt into virtually the outer skin of my sweating self.

Kali O Kolom Jaishtha 1416 -- May 2009

Football fans will know what I'm talking about when I say that sometimes even a much anticipated Chelsea versus Manchester United match in the English Premier League can turn out to be a rather unexciting encounter, with ordinary dribbling and passing that is only enlivened momentarily with flashes of genuine footwork. So too with this issue of Kali O Kolom, where genuine inspiration lurks amid the mass of plodding literary essays. It is not the themes that are at fault here since they range from Rabindranath to eminent historian/archeologist Hassan Dani and poetry written during the 1960s to communal disharmony. Rather, it's the style of writing, which leads one to suspect that perhaps the magazine should be aware that 'literary' writing, like all other types of activities, too can fall into a rut. It is also a truism that serious essays for publication in literary journals that also aspire to popular readership can be difficult to produce on a consistent basis and that standard publications being brought out over the long term with deadlines to meet can mean that at times the match-up does not live up to its expectations - a sentiment that I'm fairly sure the editor of this particular page will also agree with! It is a fate that only the irregularly published little magazines can avoid, who can afford to wait until they have enough material they deem worthy of publication. And even then…

Scenes from a graphic novel

A graphic novel is a 'novel' in a comic book form. Its origins lie in the United States post-World War II era of the pulp novel and the newspaper comic strip, which in turn gave rise to comic books. Today that comic book form is no longer what most older generation figures will remember it to be. From the 1960s on it came under pressure for change came from the Japanese 'manga' comic books, the increasing popularity of science fiction books and 'underground' comic cults. Graphic novels are hugely popular in Europe, with some favourite 'characters', even though they are American creations, far more familiar to European readers. As that change in the comic book character became pronounced, it was simply a matter of time before it incorporated the novel's themes and linear devices, with lengthy and complex storylines bound in durable formats. Today graphic novels are hugely sophisticated in terms of themes and artwork qualities, with Art Spiegleman's work on the holocaust, titled Maus: A Survivor's Tale receiving a special Pulitzer prize in 1992. It is increasingly starting to gain acceptance among mainstream publishers and readers as something qualitatively different from being mere comic books. In this context John Updike's words, when in 1969 he addressed the Bristol Literary Society on “the death of the novel,” are much quoted: "I see no intrinsic reason why a doubly talented artist might not arise and create a comic strip novel masterpiece." Last year a graphic novel on Che Guevara - 'Che: A Graphic Biography' by Spain Rodriguez, published by Last Gasp - appeared to much acclaim.

Unfinished

I am done. But
Only partly.
It isn't too pert
I hope to
Go back and revise
The opening statement,
Work over the rationale
And shshsh the hysteria
Of everything beginning to look untangled...
It is pert of course, and to make it worse the trouble is
that I am starting to believe I am all done.

Masks

Masks of many moulds
Rotting in the newly serviced temperature level of the old air conditioning units
She wears the mask from her forgotten drawer
It itches, burns and finally bites her
Stuck on her surrendering skin
The old herbs turn violent
Her layers flake off in a rush
Burnt and bitter
She thumps and thuds,
Huffs and puffs
Price paid,
for diluting dead years
Into the new potion of newer pretenses.
The whole world looks away.

Star Health

Tobacco smoking and diabetes

The harmful effects of smoking. Studies show that smokers are five times more likely than that of the nonsmokers to have gum disease. For smokers with diabetes, the risk is even greater. If you are a smoker, diabetic and age 45 or order, you are 20 times more likely than a person without these risk factors to get severe gum disease.

Showing the truth: Health warnings on tobacco

Tomorrow is World No Tobacco Day. This year theme for the Day is “Tobacco Health Warnings”. Health warnings on tobacco product packaging are critical to any effective tobacco control strategy. They increase public awareness of the serious health risks of tobacco use and help to ensure that the packaging tells the truth about the deadly product within. Tobacco package health warnings that include images are a particularly powerful and cost-effective vehicle for communicating health risks.

Vegetarian diet: How to get the best nutrition

Adopting a healthy vegetarian diet is not as simple as scraping meat off your plate and eating what is left. You need to take extra steps to ensure you are meeting your daily nutritional needs. Find out what you need to know about a plant-based diet.

Warning signs of serious flu

How do you know when swine flu has turned serious? Doctors from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) explained what flu warning signs warrant urgent medical attention.

Facts and myth about pneumonia

Myth: Only elderly people get pneumonia.

Challenging coronary angioplasty at Mitford Hospital

When 62 year old Mr Kabir Ahmed came to the Cardiology Department of Mitford Hospital, he was critically ill for recurrent attacks of severe chest pain for the last five months. During this period he went to different hospitals and did a coronary angiogram according to a doctor's advice to see whether the coronary artery (that carries blood to heart) is blocked or not.

Have you flossed your teeth today?

Standard dental floss is the most effective tool for cleaning the tight spaces between your teeth. You can also use dental floss to scrape up and down the sides of each tooth. If plain dental floss gets stuck in your teeth, use the waxed variety. If you have a hard time handling dental floss, try a floss holder. Other options might include special brushes, picks or sticks designed to clean between the teeth.

Strategic Issues

2009 EU-Russia summit: Divisions growing wider?

THE two-day EU-Russia summit concluded on 22 May. The venue chosen by Russia, the city of Khabarovsk, is near China, about 8,000 kilometers east of Brussels. President Medvedev made a point on 21st May of noting EU leaders would understand how large Russia is by having to fly so far.

NATO celebrates 60th anniversary

FROM Nato's foundation in April 1949 until dissolving the Warsaw Pact in July 1991, the role of Nato was dictated by confrontation with the Soviet Union. The United States functioned as a protective umbrella for Western Europe and played the leading role inside the alliance. This was accepted by European governments, although France's decision to quit leading NATO bodies in 1966.

India's policy options on Sri Lanka's ethnic issue

THE Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), who have been waging a relentless war for a separate Tamil homeland, have now been tamed. The LTTE's top leadership has been wiped out; most of its cadre are dead; some have surrendered and the remaining are scattered. The fall of the LTTE coincided with the re-election of UPA government in India and India's overall policy towards Sri Lanka, therefore, is not expected to change dramatically. The new government under Manmohan Singh however, will want Colombo to address two key issues on a priority basis.

Star Books Review

The intellectual in the guerrilla

Brave of Heart is a 352-page book by Bir Pratik Habibul Alam (Sector -2 and K- Forces) on the guerilla operations conducted by him and his friends in Dhaka during the liberation war. The book provides a fascinating reading of the daredevil actions of the guerilla FF's that shook the Pakistani junta to its core. In a simple but thrilling way, reminding one of the style of either Mario Puzo in The Godfather or Truman Capote in In Cold Blood, Alam describes the incidents and happenings in a matter-of-fact manner though the reader will every minute while reading it be haunted by his language laden with a fictional quality. Though written, naturally, from the rival perspectives, Alam's book will also remind one of the Pakistani classic written on the Liberation War of Bangladesh, Witness to Surrender by Siddik Salik.

Keeping readers on stitches . . .

Tired of all those tomes? Well, put the volumes aside and take a little time out for something light and witty.

Romance, history, war

When one starts reading a novel by Irving Stone it's like putting down the first step on a fascinating journey. The book carries the reader through heart gripping plots and soaring adventures. There are simply too many things happening and one cannot put the book down until the journey ends. The reader can be certain that he or she is onto having some wonderful hours of reading. Immortal Wife is a saga that will leave the reader feeling enriched and experienced with tales of human nature and fascinating realities of life.


The Daily Star

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