News of: Saturday, 15th of August, 2009
The religious extremism rattling the nation now was a prospect India and the United States had feared soon after the assassination of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.
At least 14 people lost their lives after a bus heading for Noakhali from Dhaka plunged into a ditch after smashing into a tree at Mohammad Ali Bazar in Feni early yesterday. Eleven people were also injured in the accident.
The country today observes National Mourning Day on the 34th death anniversary of Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, with a vow to implement the longstanding High Court verdict in the case in connection with his murder.
Teacher-turned-militant Monwar Hossain, who has been in jail since February, had no difficulty in getting his salary for the month of June as the acting headmaster of his school and a section of education officials approved his salary bill showing him present at the school.
An organised gang involved in anti-social activities with a common interest to make money by pornographic videos and its trade could have been involved in the gang rape of the 14 year old in Faridpur, locals say.
Zimbabwe brought high-flying Bangladesh down to earth and made sure the series stay alive with a 69-run victory in the third one-dayer of the five-match series at the Queens Sports Club in Bulawayo yesterday.
The government is planning to appoint 50 more judges to the High Court (HC) Division and a few judges to the Appellate Division of the Supreme Court (SC) to deal with a huge backlog of cases.
Asian University of Bangladesh (AUB) in Rajshahi was closed sine die yesterday following a clash between students and police that left at least 35 people injured.
The government yesterday withdrew duty on unrefined sugar and dates in a bid to keep prices of the essential commodities within people's reach during the month of holy Ramadan.
Muggers stabbed a man to death in the city's Kadamtoli area early yesterday.
After all these years, August 15 still haunts Ayub Ali Sheikh. It haunts him like a ghost.
The internet and telecommunications across the country remained snapped for nearly 15 hours yesterday as the optical fibre line at Patiya was disconnected in the early hours.
It's a page out of Oliver Twist.
Jamuna Eco Park, an initiative to bring the nature to people of the western side of the Bangabandhu Jamuna Multipurpose Bridge, is now in a sorry state due to sheer negligence and poor maintenance.
Two motor mechanics were killed in a cylinder blast at a workshop in Muroli area of the district town Thursday night.
A group of robbers looted a rifle, bullets, cash and gold ornaments from a house at Madhumajhira village under the sadar upazila early morning yesterday.
The district administration finally withdrew the camp of Bangladesh Rifles (BDR) from Chhoto Panchhari in Panchhari upazila yesterday.
An indigenous youth beat a Myanmar refugee enlisted with the United Nation High Commission for Refugee (UNHCR) to death at Madhyampara in Bandarban district town last night.
BNP Chairperson Khaleda Zia Thursday night questioned how Bangladesh security would be ensured if it allows India to use 300-400 kms of road in the name of Asian Highway.
A case was filed with Sadar Police Station of Satkhira against two militants for their anti-state activities.
The European Union yesterday broadened its sanctions against Myanmar after the trial of Aung San Suu Kyi, as the UN Security Council failed to adopt a US text condemning her extended detention.
Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari unveiled political reforms in the country's tribal belt yesterday in a bid to extricate the lawless region from the grip of Taliban and al-Qaeda militants.
ON National Mourning Day, the fundamental thought in all of us is one of the tortuous course Bangladesh has traversed since the assassination of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman along with most members of his family in 1975. Obviously, the death of the Father of the Nation through conspiracy hatched by elements intent on bringing back regressive politics in the country was a tragedy we have not yet been able to overcome, a wound that is yet to heal. The decades since August 15, 1975 have in effect been a time when the country has lurched from disaster to calamity owing to the various phases of extra-constitutional government imposed on the nation. Of course there have been, since the early 1990s, elected civilian governments in place. And yet the feeling that the seismic shocks we went through when Bangabandhu and subsequently four of his political associates were gunned down has not quite gone away.
YEARS of blasé attitude to school textbooks had up until recently been reflected through delayed publication schedules as books reached children well into an advancing academic session and, that too, with distorted textual contents in certain areas. But now it seems another dimension to the legacy of indifference has come to light. It's the poor quality production of textbooks making dull reading for our children that is now exercising the minds of our educators.
WHAT happened in August 1975 was a great tragedy perpetrated by an anti-people clique who did not want Bangladesh to move in the direction its people had desired it to take. The desire embodied a dream and an ideology; and for its fulfillment the people had struggled not only in 1971 but even before. The long struggle did not begin all of a sudden. It had a glorious history of its own. In December 1971 it reached a point where it was impossible for the old state not to yield to the emergence of an independent Bangladesh. What the assassins were bent upon doing was the bringing down not only of a great man but also, and not less importantly, of the ideology of secular Bengali nationalism together with the dream of a long-awaited and urgently needed social revolution. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman had promoted that collective desire among, and with, the people. In mourning his death we bemoan the loss of a leader as well as of an opportunity. Sheikh Mujib died a martyr, heading the long list of those who laid down their lives to liberate the people of Bangladesh.
THE assassination of the Father of the Nation on 15 August 1975 was but the first step in the distortion of national history. Sit back and reflect on all the falsehoods that have been disseminated in these past thirty-four years by elements who have clearly derived benefits from what is truly the worst episode in free Bangladesh's history. Moments after the soldiers completed their macabre mission, it was given out on the radio that Bangladesh had been declared an Islamic republic. That, of course, was not true, as later events were to prove. But that the country had been forced at gunpoint to take a regressive step towards what would amount to communalism was made clear through the religious invocations of the killers. Suddenly, the state did not appear to be for Bengalis any more. The Bengali battle cry of Joi Bangla was supplanted by the Pakistan-inclined Bangladesh Zindabad. The broad hint was there that the largest religious community, in this case Muslims, were in the ascendant.
On this day in 1975, the Father of the Nation, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, was assassinated and the nation should be ashamed of the unpardonable failure of not being able to finish the trial processes of the killers even after the lapse of 34 years since his gruelsome killing.
As a child in the early sixties I first heard of Bangabandhu from my father. He spoke affectionately of a gentleman named Sheikh Mujib, who gave fiery speeches in the Paltan Maidan against Pakistani military dictator Ayub Khan and his henchman Monem Khan, the governor of East Pakistan. He was brave as well as witty and was fond of East Bengal (East Pakistan) and her people to a fault. Fighting for the rights of his deprived people was the greatest passion of his life. Often he went to jail. But my father was not sure if Sheikh Shaheb would be finally successful and come to power one day to establish democratic rule in Pakistan and serve its suffering people, especially those of East Pakistan. Needless to mention I instantly began to like Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, simply because no one else championed the Bengali cause like him. I started to follow his activities through newspapers. Along with Brazilian football, West Indian cricket and sub-continental hockey, a child of the sixties began to admire Sheikh Mujib. Slowly but surely he became my favourite politician. By March 1971 Bangladesh and Sheikh Mujib became synonyms.
Zimbabwe's batting has improved with each outing this series, and yesterday they kept their hopes alive with a victory in Bulawayo that brought Bangladesh's winning run to a screeching halt. On a flat batting track of the Queens Park, the hosts briefly threatened to combust in another jittery display from the top order, but Hamilton Masakadza lit up the innings with a maiden ODI century, supported by a calm Brendan Taylor and a gung-ho Elton Chigumbura. Zimbabwe were in control when Chigumbura joined Taylor in the 39th over, and what proceeded to unfold turned a solid batting act into an exhibition of butchery.
Matt Prior shifted the focus from England's batting woes on Thursday, insisting his teammates possess enough bowling firepower to dismiss Australia twice at The Oval next week and snatch back the Ashes.
Australian coach John Dyson became the latest casualty of West Indies' bitter cricket turmoil on Thursday when he was sacked as coach.
Pacer Dollar Mahmud was scheduled to leave here yesterday night to join the Bangladesh Squad for the ongoing five-match ODI series against Zimbabwe in Bulawayo.
The mouth-watering sprint duel between Usain Bolt and Tyson Gay will headline the World Athletics Championships, offering up what should be one of the most eagerly awaited events ever.
Viquarunnissa School and College clinched the title of the 12th Delta Life Women's College Handball Competition with a 9-5 win over Siddeshwari Girl's College in the final at the Dhammondi Women's Sports Complex ground yesterday.
Pakistan appointed former captain and batting legend Javed Miandad as batting adviser to the national team following recent heavy defeats to Sri Lanka, an official said Thursday.
What a difference a year (and the tax rate) makes. At the start of last season, the English Premiership boasted probably the widest plethora of talent in world football. Cristiano Ronaldo strutted his stuff at the Theatre of Dreams, World Cup winner Luiz Felipe Scolari traipsed around the Stamford Bridge turf, Xabi Alonso sprayed the ball around like he owned Anfield and every top player inside and outside England was linked to Manchester City.
Chelsea captain John Terry expects English football's superpowers to fight to the death for the Premier League title as his side prepare to launch their challenge against Hull on Saturday.
Bayern Munich coach Louis van Gaal says he plans to play star midfielder Franck Ribery in Saturday's clash with Werder Bremen as he integrates the Frenchman back into the squad.
Fernando Torres signed a new contract with Liverpool on Friday and then told his team-mates they have a golden opportunity to end the club's 19-year wait to win the English title this season.
England striker Jermain Defoe is suing police over his "unlawful" arrest that left him wrongly "locked in a cell", his lawyer said.
Russia's 2007 champions Zenit St Petersburg have reached an agreement with AS Roma coach Luciano Spalletti, Russian daily tabloid Tvoi Den reported Friday.
Argentina striker Lionel Messi, who has pleaded to be left out of Barcelona's opening league game to concentrate on his country's crucial World Cup clash with Brazil, could miss Sunday's Spanish Super Cup clash with Athletic Bilbao.
Chelsea defender Michael Mancienne joined Premier League newboys Wolver-hampton on a season-long loan on Thursday.
Andre-Pierre Gignac followed his starring performance for France in Wednesday's narrow World Cup qualifier win over the Faroe Islands by signing a new deal Friday with Toulouse.
Los Angeles Galaxy forward Landon Donovan says he has tested positive for swine flu.
Brazilian football confederation (CBF) president Ricardo Teixeira, a vice-president of FIFA, has been sanctioned by a top federal court for smuggling contraband into the country in 1994.
A man and a woman were questioned Friday on suspicion of conspiracy to commit murder over a live hand grenade found at the home of football legend Kenny Dalglish.
Kim Clijsters kept her comeback rolling, but America's Williams sisters fell by the wayside at the two million-dollar WTA tournament here on Thursday.
Roger Federer captured his 21st consecutive match win Thursday as he booked a quarterfinal berth at the Montreal Masters and stayed on course for a finals showdown with Rafael Nadal.
Cricket South Africa (CSA) president Mtutuzeli Nyoka said Thursday that there were no regrets in handing SuperSport Park, Centurion the final of the ICC Champions Trophy (CT).
Australian cricket authorities on Friday banned Twenty20 star Luke Pomersbach from playing until at least January after he pleaded guilty to multiple charges including assaulting a police officer.
The actress wife of Australian tennis star Lleyton Hewitt took a gossip magazine to court on Friday hoping to uncover the source of a "grubby" story which implied she was having an affair.
Speakers at a view exchange meeting in Rajshahi yesterday said a culture of seeking information should be developed in society, especially for the grassroots-level people, for effective implementation of the Right to Information (RTI) law.
Since the early morning of July 31, Friday, almost all the vehicles heading towards Ramu from nearby districts of Cox's Bazar were crammed with people. Those who could not afford or manage a ride, trekked their way to the district some five miles away from the Cox's Bazar town.
To bring the country's southwestern part under a robust railway network, the government has planned for constructing 80 kilometer rail line on both sides of the proposed Padma Bridge and renovating the existing railway tracks in the region.
Information and Cultural Affairs Minister Abul Kalam Azad yesterday urged the people to be united and work together under the leadership of Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina to materialise the dream of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.
Different political parties, socio-cultural, professional and student organisations have taken up elaborated programmes to mourn the August 15 killings through observing the National Mourning Day today.
Speakers at a press conference yesterday urged the engineers to play a more dynamic role in materialising the vision of making the nation a digital one.
As the cost of land in Dhaka city has marked an unusual rise for lack of control over the land market, developers can no longer construct low-cost buildings for the middle-income group.
Leaders of Bangladesh Jatiya Congress have urged the government to take necessary initiative to keep the prices of daily essentials within the buying capacity of common people.
To ease water crisis before the holy Ramadan, Chittagong Water and Sewerage Authority (CWasa) will increase its water supply by one crore litre daily.
Transport owners and workers enforced an indefinite transport strike in the district yesterday demanding removal of unauthorised ticket counters.
The wife of a police sub-inspector (SI) committed suicide by hanging herself from a ceiling fan with a scarf at her Mohammadpur residence in the city yesterday.
An Awami League worker was killed and another injured with an electric shock while hanging the National Mourning Day banner with an electric pole in Natore town yesterday.
Zonta International, a global organisation of executives and professionals working together to advance the status of women, held its first meeting of Area 02, District 25 at the Radisson Water Garden Hotel in the city yesterday.
The publication ceremony of the second edition of Prantick Business Directory 2009 was held at a city hotel recently, says a press release.
BNP Vice President MK Anwar yesterday claimed that extortion is the main reason for price spiral of essentials.
A housewife succumbed to her head injuries several hours after her husband pushed him over following a quarrel over lunch at their house at Section-11 of Mirpur in the city yesterday.
At least 10 students were injured in a clash between the activists of Bangladesh Chhatra League (BCL) and Islami Chhatra Shibir at Comilla University in Comilla yesterday.
A two-day training programme on 'Reduction of stigma and discrimination against persons with HIV/AIDS' concluded at Caritas Training Centre in the city yesterday, says a press release.
DB police seized 980 bottles of Phensidyl syrup from a private car and arrested two drug peddlers at Bir Bahadurghat village in Kamarkhand on Thursday.
Campaign for Sustainable Rural Livelihoods (CSRL) held a public hearing at Shyamnagar upazila in Satkhira to create awareness about the adverse impacts of climate change, said a press release yesterday.
The Afghan government said yesterday that a series of peace deals had been reached with Taliban commanders in a bid to ensure people can vote safely in next week's presidential polls.
Floods and mudslides unleashed by Typhoon Morakot last weekend have killed about 500 people on the island, Taiwan's president said yesterday as he called on rescue crews to step up their efforts.
Iran's Revolutionary Court must reject confessions of political opponents extracted under torture or harsh interrogation, three UN human rights experts warned Iran on Thursday.
Pakistani Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani on Friday termed terrorism as the biggest threat to the country and said his government was committed to eliminate this menace through "determination and courage".
US Senator Jim Webb, the first member of Congress to visit Myanmar in more than a decade, arrived in the military-ruled country's remote capital Friday to meet junta leaders, officials said.
Lockerbie bomber Abdelbaset Ali Mohmet al-Megrahi is abandoning his appeal against conviction, his lawyers said Friday, following reports he is set to be freed on compassionate grounds.
Two soldiers and 16 rebels were killed in new clashes in Yemen's northern mountains yesterday as a government offensive entered its fourth day, a security official said.
President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono sent a message of defiance yesterday to Islamist extremists, saying Indonesia would not be defeated by terrorism after police uncovered a plot to assassinate him.
The number of children sickened from lead poisoning has risen to more than 600 in a northern Chinese province where authorities shut a smelter earlier this week thought to have caused the contamination, state media reported.
Authorities along border areas have taken extra precautions ahead of the Independence Day to thwart any attempts to disrupt the celebrations.
Developing countries will need billions to curb carbon pollution and cope with its consequences, and where that money will come from has emerged as a major stumbling block as another round of UN climate talks winds down in Bonn.
Humans living along the southern tip of Africa some 72,000 years ago used fire to forge and shape their stone tools and weapons, said a study published Thursday by the journal Science.
Defiant supporters of Vasundhara Raje on Friday sought to mount pressure on the BJP high command against the move to remove her from the post of Leader of the Opposition in Rajasthan, but were snubbed by senior party leader LK Advani who refused to meet them.
A new poll released yesterday shows President Hamid Karzai has a commanding lead over other candidates contesting next week's Afghan presidential election, but his main challenger has dramatically narrowed the gap.
Political parties in Pakistan have no consensus among them over the trial of former president General Pervez Musharraf.
An official US commission accused ally India of failing to protect Christian and Muslim minorities from violent attacks, prompting a denial Thursday from New Delhi.
One of the largest glaciers in Antarctica is thinning four times faster than it was 10 years ago, according to research seen by the BBC.
At least 22 people were killed and 10 more injured late Thursday when a bus and truck collided head-on in the Panamanian capital, authorities said.
A Chinese-born man whose estranged wife was reported missing to police was found trying to hide her body inside the wall of a house in Australia's north-east, officers said Friday.
Seventy-year-old shepherd Khak Mohammad arrives at Herat's eye hospital just as a team of election educators wrap up a lecture on how to vote in Afghanistan's upcoming polls.
Arts & Entertainment
It was glitter galore at the Radisson Water Garden Hotel last Thursday night, as Nokia presented their 'Glitterbug' event -- an Eid fashion extravaganza that showcased exclusive Nokia devices as well as the work of three leading fashion designers.
BANGABANDHU'S assassination on 15 August 1975 prematurely deprived Bangladesh of its founding father at a time when the process of nation building was still incomplete. This event both destabilized and created a fissure within the nation which has not yet been bridged. This division and destabilization of the polity deflected Bangladesh from the course set by its liberation struggle which had provided the basis for the foundational principles of the Bangladesh constitution: democracy, nationalism, secularism and socialism. Since that fateful day in August, each of these foundational principles has been exposed to contestation or even outright repudiation. This assault on the very principles of our nationhood has destabilised the nation, compromised the working of our democratic institutions and thereby weakened the process of governance. It could, thus, be argued that the bullets which killed Bangabandhu were also intended to destroy the very idea of Bangladesh for which the liberation war was waged. Let us briefly explore these long-term consequences which emanated from the events of 15 August 1975.
ON the 34th anniversary of the brutal assassination of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the Father of the Nation, and many members of his immediate family, I will recall the historic role that he played as the master helmsman during 1972 and how he safely guided our ship through troubled waters amidst a devastated post-war scenario. I will do so because many have forgotten his significant role and his commitment towards democracy and institution building.
HISTORY is at last taking its own course and putting Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the father of the nation, in his rightful place. Gradually, he is emerging as the only reference point of our nationhood and we must congratulate the High Court Bench for removing the confusion created by some motivated vested interest groups including, unfortunately, some academics.
DOES anyone need to remember the sun, the moon, the Himalayas or, for that matter, the primordial oceans? Does anyone need to put in some conscious efforts to remember the air that one inhales, the heartbeat that goes on unceasingly till death?
Eminent scientist Professor Abdus Salam had been invited by the then Islamic Academy, Dhaka to give a lecture on religion and nationalism a couple of months before the presidential election in 1964. The Academy was housed in an old two-storey abandoned building. That house was demolished to construct Bailul Mokarram shopping complex in the late sixties. My friend Ahmed Safa, the late writer, and I attended the lecture.
One Sunday a few weeks back I was at a party where I heard that author Salman Rushdie had offended some students, particularly those from India, with a speech he gave at Tufts University. He had apparently made a reference to the fact that while the number of deities in the various religions in India was fixed, the population has been growing since ancient times, thus causing an imbalance. According to Ashfaq, a faculty member of the Tufts School of Medicine, who attended the Rushdie meeting, some of the students and teachers got up and left in protest. As I was listening to Ashfaq's account of the Tufts event, I felt sorry that I had passed up the opportunity to hear and meet Rushdie in person. I recall receiving an email from my daughter, who is a Tufts alumna, and who, in deference to my admiration for Rushdie, had not only forwarded the announcement from Tufts, but had asked me if I would be interested to go. As alum, she was entitled to a ticket, which she was willing to give up for me. I had declined the offer because the Tufts University campus was an hour's drive from my house, and the event took place on a Sunday afternoon and it would have been followed by a reception. If I had gone to the speech and the subsequent reception, I was afraid that I wouldn't have been able to get back home before midnight and thereby suffer the inevitable consequences of such misadventures, the dreaded Monday Morning Sickness, as we call it.
I first noticed the pair of niltunis several years ago perched on a high branch of a tall yellow-and-crimson hibiscus tree in our inner courtyard. I had never seen one before in my life, and did not know what they were called. It was only a year or so later that I came across a feature story, accompanied by photographs, in a Bengali newspaper, which described the life of niltunis, and thus got to know its name. There was no mistaking the similarity between the pair in the picture and the pair I had espied. To this day, I do not know them by any other name than 'niltuni.' They look like hummingbirds, with long, narrow and slightly curved beaks, but the niltunis are larger by comparison.
I am leaving Toronto. After arduous federal government exams (the preparation for which doesn't leave time for anything else) a position in education is mine at last, but at the cost of my beloved city. The new position is in Edmonton, the capital of Alberta, at the western end of Canada and the distance is not inconsiderable - equivalent to roughly the miles between the distance between Dhaka and Tehran. The new position means travel to the Northwest Territories as well as the Pacific province of British Columbia. The spirit of travel in me has re-awakened by the lure of Rocky mountains and the call of the North, but my heart, I fear will remain in my city, the city of Toronto.
The first lesson in school
I got from you Mastermoshai
While practicing handwriting
By slow degrees,
I learnt: 'Always speak the truth'
They swim those catfish the whole night
Beside the dirty drain in the kitchen corner
Inside a small pot
Once or twice they take sudden alarm and startle up
Then sleep again.
A bewitchingly beautiful dream glazes their eyes. And
The whole night their sorrows bubble up on the water.
Then it's morning, who knows when the morning comes,
The catfish do not know, only
That from beside her angry husband is flung out the wife
Sweet lovely wife; flung out is
Catfish blood from the sharp blade.
The recent incidence of Paracetamol poisoning in Bangladesh and its fatal consequences have alarmed us once again about drug safety for the children. Similar incidence that occurred few decades ago claimed thousands of infants' life.
Treatment of tuberculosis involves taking tablets daily for at least six months. TB patients must take all their medications as prescribed, failing which they may not recover and dangerous drug-resistant TB strains may develop. That is why it is considered ideal for TB patients to come to a treatment facility to take their tablets in the presence of a health worker — at least in the early, intensive phase of the treatment.
Women who have used birth control pills seem to have a slightly decreased risk of colon cancer as they age, a new study suggests.
Stem cell is one of the master cells of human body with the ability to grow into any one type out of body's more than 200 cell types. These stem cells preserve the ability to divide throughout life and give rise to cells that can become highly specialised and take the place of cells that are dead or lost.
It is said that behind every success of a man/woman, there is a woman/man. Even if it is not totally true, people admit that bad company is always very harmful for health — both mentally and physically. And in case of ‘husband and wife’ — they are the best and closest companion for each other. But, is ‘marriage’ good or bad for health?
The World Health Organisation (WHO) has awarded pre-qualification to GlaxoSmithKline Biologicals’ cervical cancer vaccine Cerverix — says a recent press release of the company.
FORMER Water Resources Minister and currently Chairman of Parliamentary Standing Committee on Water Resources Mr. Abdur Razzak, upon his return home from leading a parliamentary delegation to India, said that his talks with the Indians have “convinced” him that Tipaimukh will not harm Bangladesh. He told news media that the dam will be constructed for generating hydro-electricity and ensuring flood control and its water will not be used for irrigation.
THE White House's choice of Ghana for US President Obama's visit to Africa triggered envy across the continent. Kenya, where Obama's father lived and died, expected the visit of the President first. Other countries such as South Africa, Nigeria and Liberia thought that the President would visit one of those countries first, but not Ghana.
Leadership vision is what propels nations to greatness. Across the world, Roosevelt, Churchill, Deng, Mandela and Obama are considered examples of leaders with vision. Ashoka's peace offensive, Akbar's inclusivism, Nehru's development model, the 'Indira doctrine', Rajiv's call towards the twenty-first century and VP Singh's egalitarian initiative are examples closer home. Examples from the recent past include Narasimha Rao's stewardship of liberalization and Vajpayee's reaching out to Pakistan, thrice in his tenure, rates as consistency in vision despite the gravest tests.
Star Books Review
On his final night alive, hours before he was assassinated, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman spent time reading George Bernard Shaw's Man and Superman. Thirty four years after the murder of the Father of the Nation, and the members of his family, Syed Badrul Ahsan makes note of some of the books that have been written about Bangabandhu since 1975. Of course, there are other books as well. But the offering here is a sample of the vast literature which has grown up around the historical personality of Bangladesh's founding father.