The Daily Star

Your Right To Know
Monday, September 1, 2014


News of: Saturday, 17th of October, 2009

Front Page

Arges all available

The recent recovery of 10 Arges grenades in Sherpur is an eye-opener for the law-enforcement agencies as for the first time criminals other than Islamist militants are held with such deadly weapons.

Khaleda won't join anti-poverty rally

In a surprising reversal of a decision, BNP Chairperson Khaleda Zia last evening announced that she will not attend today's anti-poverty rally after all, on the occasion of 'International Day for the Eradication of Poverty'.

Bangladesh makes diplomatic moves to calm tension

Apart from mobilising reinforcement, Bangladesh is also making diplomatic efforts to calm the tension sparked last week following Myanmar's heavy military build-up in the border areas, said sources.

Victims protest 'land grabbing' by Bashundhara

Around two hundred affected landowners at Chunkutia under south Keraniganj formed a human chain yesterday in protest against alleged land grabbing by Bashundhara Group, one of the country's largest conglomerates.

Women repression unabated despite stringent law

Despite prevailing stringent laws in the country to protect women, violence in different forms against women still goes on unabated with offenders cocking a snook at the laws of the state.

No BNP committee in Delwar's home district

The main opposition party BNP has no committee for the last 10 years in Manikganj, the home district of its secretary general, to run its activities.

Villagers chase sand lifters

Over a thousand people of Savar and South Keraniganj yesterday drove away sand collectors who were dredging the river Bongshai illegally.

Bangladesh leads South Asia in fighting hunger

Bangladesh has ranked 13th among 29 vulnerable countries in terms of combating hunger by successfully reducing its rate over the last few years.

Chief whip terms it 'political bankruptcy'

Coming down heavily on BNP Chairperson Khaleda Zia, Chief Whip Abdus Shahid yesterday termed the opposition leader's decision not to attend the anti-poverty rally 'political bankruptcy'.

Nasaka abducts 7 Bangladeshi fishermen

Members of Nasaka, the border security force of Myanmar, kidnapped seven Bangladeshi fishermen and took away their boat from the Naf River at Teknaf of Cox's Bazar.

Akbar Ali quits RRC

Regulatory Reforms Commission (RRC) Chairman Dr Akbar Ali Khan has resigned for what he claimed non-cooperation of the government in running the commission.

Posters call for ban on Prothom Alo

Certain quarters have waged a smear campaign against Prothom Alo Editor Matiur Rahman and Transcom Group Chairman Latifur Rahman. They have put up posters across the capital, demanding a ban on publication of the daily Prothom Alo.

2 killed in 'shootouts'

Two criminals were killed in "shootouts" with law enforcers in the capital and Noakhali early yesterday.

KCC suspends drive for fund crunch

Khulna City Corporation (KCC) has suspended its drive against encroachers of canals reportedly due to fund crisis although half of the city canals still remain under the grip of illegal occupiers.

Police still wait for Jalil's arrest warrant

Police are yet to receive any arrest warrant against former Awami League general secretary Abdul Jalil.

College student murdered in Rajshahi

Miscreants murdered a second year student of Rajshahi New Government Degree College in the city Thursday night.

7 JMB men on fresh remand

The seven arrested members of banned militant outfit Jama'atul Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB) were taken on a fresh five-day remand last afternoon.

Sports complex plan protested

Bangladesh Paribesh Andolon (Bapa) yesterday demanded cancellation of the move to construct a stadium and outlets on the Dhanmondi playground in the capital.

3 of a family die in boat capsize

A father and his two baby daughters died when their boat capsized at Gopinathpur Beel in Manikganj on Thursday evening.

Bombings kill 13 at Pak police station

A trio of suicide attackers, including a rare female bomber, set off two blasts outside a police station in the northwest Pakistani city of Peshawar yesterday, killing 13 people in the latest bloodshed in an unrelenting wave of terror plaguing the country.

Assam worried over China's planned dam

The government of northeastern Indian state of Assam is seriously concerned over the reported construction of a dam by China on the Yarlung Tsangpo River in Tibet, the source of the river Brahmaputra.

Rocket attack kills 3 Pak soldiers

Suspected Taliban militants launched a rocket attack killing three Pakistani soldiers and wounding four at a military camp in a remote tribal area yesterday, officials said.

France asks its nationals to quit Guinea

France has urged its nationals to leave Guinea, amid growing criticism of the military junta.

Editorial

Push to save river campaign

It is good to see that the government is being relentless in its pursuit of reclaiming rivers around the city from the clutches of grabbers and the polluting hands of industries. The heightening concern over moribund rivers that this paper brought to the centre of national discourse only a few months back, the government at the highest level responding to it and judicial activism demanding action -- all seem in place to bolster the massive campaign for river reclamation beginning with Dhaka and taken forward all over the country.

Rising fatality at ship-breaking yards

DEATHS of workers during ship-breaking are gradually on the rise. According to newspaper reports, in the last two days, four workers died at the ship-breaking yard of Sitakunda in Chittagong. Added to three other earlier casualties under similar circumstances, the death figure comes to seven within the span of only a week at three different ship-breaking yards of Sitakunda. In all the cases, the ill-fated labourers either inhaled poisonous gas or they were crushed under heavy metal plates.

Promoting liberalism with medieval mindset

THE honourable shipping minister is not the first democratically elected person to speak on the virtues of summary killing, extra-judicial deaths or the deaths in the so-called crossfire. Not very long ago, our minister in charge of foreign affairs very poignantly indicated the difficulties of suddenly coming out of the clutches of crossfire killings. She was saying so after returning from an international forum in Geneva where she assured the audience about Bangladesh's firm resolve to put an effective stop to the extra-judicial killings.

The Lisbon Treaty has taken a step forward

THE Irish 'Yes' to the Lisbon Treaty has been good news for Europe. The fact that two-thirds of the Irish electorate voted in favour -- and with a higher turnout than when the 'No' camp prevailed in June 2008 (58% versus 53%) -- is being seen as an important step towards the treaty's entry into force. A second Irish 'No' might have killed it off and conveyed to both European citizens and the wider world the image of a union that cannot get its act together and deliver on what it agrees upon. Ireland's "resounding yes" to Lisbon can now be viewed as a much-needed turning point after almost a decade of failed institutional reforms. It will assist in the creation of conditions for a much better union.

Whither politics of change?

THE present government came to power with the slogan 'Din Badaler Pala' -- as if a qualitative change in the lives of Bangladeshi men and women will follow. But the government's performance during the last nine months, sadly, has been disappointing. A brief outline of its performance follows.

Sports

Gazi, Mohammedan keep winning

Title-contenders Gazi Tank made light work of giants Abahani Limited under lights at the Sher-e-Bangla National Stadium to move into the semifinals of the Twenty20 Premier League yesterday.

MSC look for 14th final

Mohammedan SC will look to shake off their shaky performance in the quarterfinals and try to secure a spot in the final of the Citycell Federation Cup through a win against newcomers Feni Soccer Club in the first semifinal at the Bangabandhu National Stadium today.

6 more records in Day Two

Six more records were set on the second day of the 25th National Age Group Swimming Championship at the National Swimming Complex in Mirpur yesterday.

BD Under-19 dominate first day

The young Tigers were on top in the rain affected first day of the 4-day Test match as they restricted the visiting England Under-19 team to 124 for the loss of five wickets in 68 overs.

Ram upstages Ali

Bangladesh's Biplob Ram put on impressive performance against compatriot Rustom Ali to take the boys' singles title of the Prime Bank ATF under-14 Tennis Tournament 3-6, 6-3, 6-3 in a rain-interrupted final at the National Tennis Complex on Friday. Biplob was one set down, but had staged a comeback in the second set and was leading 5-3 when rain halted play for the day and pushed it to a Friday finish.

Sumita blazes a trail

Sumita Rani kept up her hope of clinching the SA Games' 100m hurdles title when the hurdler set a national record in the daylong 10th National Summer Athletics Competition at the Bangabandhu National Stadium yesterday.

Dravid axe surprises Ganguly

Former India captain Sourav Ganguly on Friday expressed surprise over Rahul Dravid's exclusion from Team India for the upcoming One-day series against Australia this month.

Younus decision likely soon

Little clarity has emerged from two key meetings within the Pakistan Cricket Board centering around the future of Younus Khan as captain of Pakistan.

Eagles eliminate Somerset

The Eagles aren't going to make many friends in English county cricket. The South African side, who progressed this far after a thrilling win over Sussex, showed excellent control in sealing a five-wicket win in Hyderabad, one that pushed the other county team to the brink of elimination. Morne van Wyk and Ryan Bailey played crucial roles with the bat after CJ de Villiers starred with the ball in the afternoon and the team picked up two points from this win.

Kenya fight back

Kenya clawed their way back into contention in their five-match series against Zimbabwe, winning the third match of the rubber by 20 runs in Harare on Thursday. Batting first, they posted a competitive 266 for 9 in their fifty overs after winning their first toss of the series, and maintained their grip on the contest despite a 142-run stand for Zimbabwe's fourth wicket between Brendan Taylor and Stuart Matsikenyeri.

Victoria stroll past Bangalore

Victoria might have changed venues going into the second phase of the Champions League, but the conditions on offer for them on Thursday night in the match against Royal Challengers Bangalore were uncannily similar to what they faced in Delhi. It was their medium-pacers, particularly Andrew McDonald, who set up their comprehensive victory after Royal Challengers Bangalore had threatened to continue the trend of high scores at the Chinnaswamy Stadium. Rob Quiney then ensured they remained dominant, combating the tricky surface with a determined innings to seal victory for Victoria, boosting their semifinal chances and delivering a serious setback to Bangalore's.

Trescothick does it again

Marcus Trescothick has had to fly home from Somerset's Champions League campaign in India after a recurrence of his stress-related illness. He will play no further part in the event, even though Somerset have qualified for the second round of the campaign.

Davydenko in last four

Nikolay Davydenko on Friday moved closer to a spot in next month's season-ending showpiece in London with a 6-1, 4-6, 6-1 defeat of Radek Stepanek for a semifinal place at the Shanghai Masters.

Rating Chess

A total of forty-five players shared the lead with maximum two points each after the end of the second round of the Pexatech Limited Open International Rating Chess Tournament-2009 yesterday. Matches of the second and third round were held on Friday at Bangladesh Chess Federation hall-room.

DCA elects new president, GS

Abu Mohammad Sabur was elected as the new president while Arman Islam became the general secretary of the Dhanmondi Cricket Academy (DCA), said a press release.

Press attacks Diego

Diego Maradona's sexually-explicit, foul-mouthed rant at his growing army of media critics, which overshadowed Argentina's World Cup qualification, drew a scathing response on Thursday.

Top teams clash

The picture at the Serie A summit could look a little clearer following this weekend's matches as four of the top five clash in direct top-of-the-table encounters.

Wozniacki thru' to semis

Defending champion Caroline Wozniacki on Friday avenged her recent loss to Aleksandra Wozniak of Canada to reach the semifinals at the Japan Open women's tennis tournament.

Barca's Valencia test

Barcelona's perfect record of 18 points from six Spanish League matches comes under threat on Saturday when the champions travel to Valencia in arguably their most difficult fixture so far.

Bayer take on Hamburg

There promises to be a battle royal in the Bundesliga on Saturday evening as the league's top two sides Hamburg and Bayer Leverkusen square off in the Hanseatic City.

WC hangover weighs heavy

A week of World Cup qualifying drama will weigh heavily on the Premier League this weekend as Chelsea head to Aston Villa aiming to maintain their lead over Manchester United at the top of the table.

Brazil atop

Brazil stayed top of FIFA world rankings released on Friday while Argentina jumped two spots to sixth and Russia fell out of the top 10.

FIFA to probe Maradona

FIFA is to open a disciplinary investigation into Diego Maradona after the Argentinian coach's sexually-explicit, foul-mouthed rant after his team qualified for the 2010 World Cup.

Pele applauds Argentina

Brazilian legend Pele congratulated bitter rivals Argentina on their World Cup qualification on Thursday, insisting that the finals need to have Diego Maradona's team involved.

Hughes plays down Robinho's Barca talk

Manchester City manager Mark Hughes insists Robinho still has a future at Eastlands despite the Brazil forward's reported admission that he would love to join Barcelona.

Metropolitan

Private power plant at Fenchuganj starts operation today

The 51 megawatt Barakatullah Electro Dynamics Limited (BEDL), a private power plant at Fenchuganj, would start its commercial operation today.

People not benefited from social safety net

Governance Coalition, a platform of 43 non-government organisations, has observed that people are not getting benefits from social safety net programmes due to inadequate allocation, lack of transparency and absence of proper monitoring.

Small-scale hydro power plant to be installed in Bandarban

Bandarban hill district council is planning to install small-scale hydro power plants at its most remote Thanchi upazila which is still out of power net.

Donors' suggestions hit agri sector badly

Agriculture Minister Matia Chowdhury yesterday criticised the role of donor agencies, including the World Bank, saying that their recommendation to the previous government to stop the irrigation projects of Bangladesh Agriculture Development Corporation (BADC) has hit the agriculture sector badly.

BB steps up monitoring of farm loans: Dr Atiur

The central bank has put in place a three-tier monitoring system to ensure proper distribution of Tk 12,000 crore in agricultural loans across the county this fiscal.

Raise social awareness to address their problems

Establishment of residential institutions and arrangement of special training programmes are essential to deal with mentally challenged people, said the experts at the concluding session of a three-day international conference in the city yesterday.

Govt committed to ensuring press freedom

Law Minister Shafique Ahmed yesterday said the government is committed to ensuring freedom of the press and people's right to information and it already passed the Right to Information Act to this end.

Pledge to stand united against poverty

A wide cross section of people took an oath of working together to fight hunger, poverty and discrimination at a campaign at Rajshahi Nagar Bhaban yesterday.

Enact law to stop fatwa

Bangladesh Mahila Parishad (BMP) on Thursday demanded of the government to enact law to stop religious edict (fatwa) and eve teasing to ensure security of women.

Maths festival held in Jhenaidah

Mathematics Festival 2009 was held at Government KC College yesterday in a jovial mood with participation of some 1200 students from 60 education institutions aiming at dispelling maths fear from their minds.

5 killed in road accidents

Five people were killed in separate road accidents in the city, Chittagong, Brahmanbaria and Dinajpur in last two days.

Body found hanging from tree

Police recovered a body of a youth tied with a tree at Guagachia village under Shibchar upazila in Madaripur yesterday.

Journos' role in poverty cut stressed

The participants at an orientation programme for journalists observed that skilled role of mass media could help in removing regional disparity and eliminating poverty.

President assents to four bills

President Zillur Rahman on Thursday assented to four bills passed in the third session of the 9th Parliament.

Commemorative stamps released

Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina yesterday released four commemorative postage stamps and a first day cover marking the World Food Day 2009.

Bus strike in Madaripur

The Bus and Minibus Owners' Association of Madaripur district yesterday began a strike for an indefinite period causing immense sufferings to passengers.

Malek Ukil's anniversary of death today

Today is the 22nd death anniversary of Abdul Malek Ukil, a former president of Awami League, organiser of the Liberation War and renowned politician, says a press release.

Top Indian Maoist couple arrested

Police in the Indian state of Jharkhand say they have arrested an agricultural scientist and his wife who are believed to be senior Maoist leaders.

MA Samad

Today is the 4th death anniversary of MA Samad, founder of Bangladesh General Insurance Company (BGIC), says a press release.

Probal Chy critically ill

Probal Chowdhury, a popular singer and an artiste of Swadhin Bangla Betar Kendra, is critically ill.

Quazi Golam Dastgir

The first death anniversary of former ambassador Maj Gen Quazi Golam Dastgir will be observed today, says a press release.

Store employee shot dead

A gang of local armed criminals shot dead a teenage employee of a departmental store in the city's Banasri area under Rampura Police Station yesterday.

Children draw vision of poverty-free world

A number of schoolchildren thronged the Central Shaheed Minar in the city yesterday to draw their vision of an ideal world on the occasion of the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty.

4 more BCL cadres held in B'baria

Police arrested four more BCL cadres yesterday in connection with Wednesday's gun-attack on another faction at Commercial Mour in Brahmanbaria town.

Bangladesh elected Asian audit instts governing board member

Bangladesh has been elected governing board member of the Asian Organisation of Supreme Audit Institutions (ASOSAI).

DC's office guard dies in rooftop fall

A night guard of Deputy Commissioner's (DC) office died after falling from the rooftop of the DC office building in Manikganj on Thursday night.

Bangladesh Kosovo Forum launched

The Bangladesh Kosovo Forum (BKF) was launched yesterday with the objective to persuade and influence the Bangladesh government to accord recognition to Kosovo which became an independent state on February 17 in 2008, says a press release.

President assents to four bills

President Zillur Rahman on Thursday assented to four bills passed in the third session of the 9th Parliament.

Disaster management course

Department of Sociology at Dhaka University (DU) with the support of Ministry of Food and Disaster Management has introduced a postgraduate diploma course on Disaster Management for the first time in the country, says a press release.

Chaurasia's concert postponed

The concert of Pandit Hariprasad Chaurasia, which was scheduled for yesterday, could not be held as the maestro could not arrive in Dhaka due to flight disruption, says a press release.

2 listed criminals held

The police arrested two listed criminals during their ongoing drive in the district on Thursday night.

Obituary

Abdus Shahid Chowdhury, a freedom fighter and vice president of Madhabpur upazila unit of Awami League, passed away due to kidney ailment at his village home on Thursday.

International

Security forces strike militant positions in South Waziristan

Security forces attacked the Taliban in their South Waziristan stronghold with aircraft and artillery on yesterday a day after militants launched multiple attacks killing more than 30 people.

Mixed messages in ActionAid hunger report

Brazil and China have been praised for their efforts to tackle hunger, in a development charity's report released to coincide with UN World Food Day.

Afghan envoy says election run-off likely

A senior aide to Afghan President Hamid Karzai has for the first time conceded that disputed elections could enter a second round and pushed to hold the run-off quickly.

After a long wait two Koreas hold talks

A South Korean team began talks in North Korea yesterday on family reunions and other humanitarian issues, after a week of mixed signals from the communist state about its willingness to improve frosty ties.

Lawsuit seeks to halt US swine flu vaccination campaign

New York medical workers took legal action Thursday to halt a massive swine flu inoculation program being rolled out across the United States, claiming the vaccines have not been properly tested.

Obama signs huge Pakistan aid package into law

President Barack Obama signed a 7.5 billion dollar aid package for Pakistan after the US Congress acted to placate critics in the strife-torn nation who warned it violated Pakistani sovereignty.

Suicide bomber kills 12 at mosque in Iraq

A suicide bomber yesterday opened fire on worshippers during prayers at a mosque in northern Iraq and then blew himself up after running out of ammunition, killing 12 people, police and hospital officials said.

UN endorses Gaza report

The UN Human Rights Council on yesterday adopted a resolution that endorses a damning report accusing both Israel and Hamas of war crimes during the Gaza conflict.

4 Americans killed in Afghan bombing

Four US service members were killed by a bomb blast, with two killed instantly and two later dying of their wounds Thursday, the US said in a statement. No further details were released.

Global warming threatens Canada

Canadian rivers are at risk from a variety of environmental challenges, including global warming, expanding agriculture, the construction of hydro-electric dams and increased urban consumption of water, a study said Thursday.Although Canada holds the world's largest freshwater reserves in thousands of lakes and rivers, this could quickly change as demands for water increase exponentially, warned the authors of the World Wildlife Fund report.

Turkey insists Israel to end Gaza 'tragedy'

Turkey urged Israel yesterday to end the "humanitarian tragedy" in Gaza, saying ties between the two allies cannot recover if Palestinian suffering continues and peace talks remain dead in the Middle East.

al-Qaeda bus found in Iraq

The bombers had done their work well, and the bus found at a farm west of Baghdad appeared quite normal. But this one had been modified by al-Qaeda to transport death.

Final rehearsals for underwater cabinet meeting on Oct 24

Ministers in the Maldives dived in their final rehearsals yesterday ahead of an underwater cabinet meeting this weekend aimed at drawing attention to the dangers of global warming for the island nation.

Earthquake rocks western Indonesia

A strong undersea earthquake caused minor damage and made buildings in Indonesia's capital sway yesterday, but there were no immediate reports injuries.

Indian probe against toxic US ship

The Indian government has ordered a probe into reports that an allegedly radioactive ship from the United States has anchored off the Alang coast in western Indian state of Gujarar.

Queen Nefertiti on show again in Berlin

Closed for 70 years following heavy bomb damage during World War II, Berlin's "Neues Museum" throws open its doors again on yesterday, with 3,400-year-old Egyptian beauty Queen Nefertiti star of the show.

Passive smoking may cause heart problems

Increased exposure to secondhand smoke can result in heart disease in non-smoking adults, says a new study.

Baby survives after train hits stroller

Police in Australia say a 6-month-old baby has miraculously survived a train hitting his stroller that had rolled onto the tracks.

Arts & Entertainment

Voyage of a naturist painter

Mohammad Abu Salim is a watercolourist and likes to portray the seasons of Bangladesh. Seasons and their variation lavishly feature in his works. He began his career as a nature painter, depicting the outside world with its rich abundance of colours, views, light, shades and silence. As themes, he prefers seasonal changes, calm landscapes, women, ancient houses, ponds, lakes, rainbow, green paddy fields in autumn, rainy days, flowers, seashores and cloudy skies. He portrays landscapes in their essential harmony. The viewers can easily relate to his themes and his compositions seem familiar. Salim's 9th solo art exhibition, titled “Nature is a Beauty,” is now on at Alliance Francaise de Dhaka in Dhanmondi.

A sea of ‘Kash-phool’ in the heart of Dhaka

A ten-day exhibition, titled "Onno Kash," featuring works of photographer ASM Bulbul is now on at Drik Gallery in Dhanmondi. The exhibition highlights varieties of 'Kash-phool'. 'Kash-phool' or 'Kans grass' is native to South Asia. It is a perennial grass, growing up to three meters in height, with spreading rhizomatous roots.

Theatre festival in Old Dhaka begins

With the call to arrange more plays throughout Dhaka city, a 17-day theatre festival began at the Zahir Raihan Cultural Centre in Sutrapur of Old Dhaka from October 15. Titled "Dhaka Natyatshob '09", the festival has been organised by Bangladesh Group Theatre Federation in association with Dhaka City Corporation (DCC). Throughout the festival, 16 plays will be staged by as many troupes. On the inaugural day, a colourful cultural programme staged by members of different troupes, was held at the venue.

Pritom Ahmed: A true artiste on many fronts

Pritom Ahmed, a talented contemporary singer, has been immersed in the Bangladeshi music scene since 1999, though he took his early footsteps in this art form in 1990. Few artistes write, compose and sing their own material and Pritom is in their ranks.

Zahid, Tauquir, Joya and Aupi together in one play

Four of the biggest TV stars -- Zahid Hasan, Joya Ahsan, Tauqir Ahmed and Aupi Karim -- will be seen together in a special single-episode play "Nirjon Swakkhor."

Country singer Garth Brooks coming out of retirement

Country superstar Garth Brooks announced Thursday that he's coming out of retirement.

OP-ED

Emancipation of women is still a distant dream

THE status of women in the country has not substantially changed for the better even after acceptance of the fact that empowering women, meaning redistributing power from men to women, can ensure more balanced development of the country. It must be stressed that gender inequality in accessing resources and opportunities negates the concept of human development and the spirit of democracy. The empowerment that would have given the vast majority of women the freedom of choice for self-development is, as yet, appallingly missing.

No go from regional solution

NEW Delhi should realize that the road to Beijing goes through Islamabad. This is what a Pakistan foreign minister told me many years ago. There is some truth to this, even today. Likewise, Islamabad should know by now that its route to Kabul lies through New Delhi. This doesn't suggest that India is helping Afghanistan in its armed struggle against the Taliban and their supporters in Pakistan.

Implementing Education Policy 2009: Some suggestions

Pre-school and primary level
Pre-school and primary education should be based on a mixture of learning and fun. Learning of the alphabets and numbers by heart has to be implemented but can be made fun by devising games around them. In addition, concept of cleanliness, truthfulness, pride in being Bangladeshi should also be introduced. For example, making children play games based on the alphabet and on numbers: games based on the practical use of numbers, such as buying things from stores, cooking small vs. large amounts; getting the price right for commodities their families might sell, e.g. price of 1 kg of rice; or numbers describing their height, relating height to good eating practices; using alphabets to spell, give identity to a face; alphabet? words ?describing emotions, etc.

Environment

Towards a new paradigm for conserving biodiversity

IT was not a poet but an American scientist, Mark Harmon, who nicknamed his field of study “morticulture”, to suggest the importance of managing the dead trees in the forest to maintain biodiversity. Deadwood plays a vital role for the functioning of forest ecosystems. Deadwood is an indicator that captures many elements of naturalness and is becoming a general reference for natural forests. Deadwood has become an important indicator to determine 'hemeroby' (the degree of naturalness) of forest ecosystems. It can be found as standing and downed dead trees. Standing deadwood is termed as snag and lying, as log.

Waste reduction: A Japanese experience

NAGOYA the city of Toyota, with a population of approximately 2.2 million generated 1.251 kg/person/day of waste (40% organic waste) in 1998, exceeding the average in Japan (1.1 kg). At that time, the entire city generated 1.02 million tonnes of waste, of which 0.28 million tonnes were land filled. It may be mentioned that most of the waste is incinerated in Japan.

A tribute to the father of Green Revolution

NORMAN Ernest Borlaug, the father of Green Revolution and a humanitarian scientist for the hungry people is no longer with us. At the age of ninety five he passed away on the 12th September last at his own residence in Dallas. His indefatigable and integrated research developed a new agricultural system that met up the food demand of the increased population and saved many people from hunger. For his outstanding contribution in the development of new high yielding wheat varieties and supporting agricultural management system he was honoured in 1970 with Nobel Peace Prize. He turned the then existing conventional agriculture into a mechanized modern system with the use of high yielding crop varieties and high inputs i.e. fertilizers, irrigation, fungicides, pesticides etc. This change was termed as Green Revolution by William Gaud, the Director of USAID and Dr Borlaug was regarded as the father of this Green Revolution.

Literature

Of journalism, of literature

I happen to be one of those individuals who, having found themselves in the dilemma that on a prosaic basis we call a search for a livelihood, went through university dreaming of life as a pedagogue, indeed as an academic in the hallowed corridors of a public university. It was not to be, for reasons we often choose to push away or under the rug because they are too uncomfortable to remember. And then I drifted off into journalism, but not before I had burnt a few bridges to what I had once thought would be my future; or before the immanent will, to borrow that meaningful turn of phrase from Thomas Hardy, let it be known that my future was not in my hands. It was a truth I was not aware of when I proudly lifted my head (and it was a full head of hair in those days, back in 1965) before a bowing Field Marshal Mohammad Ayub Khan (all men gifted with the majesty of height must nevertheless defer to those condemned to be short and therefore more compact in form if not in substance) and told him that I would like to be President of Pakistan. He was impressed and asked my teachers to take good care of me. For the next week or so, I was Pakistan's future president. I wallowed in the limelight.

The proud possessor

It is a sweltering hot night in a sleepy remote village called Madhupur. Although a full hour has not yet passed since dusk fell, it seems quite like midnight. It is typical of a village, particularly one like Madhupur. A terribly backward village where days and nights are not determined by the clock but by the behaviour of the poultry. Nights begin with their entry into the pen and the day that follows is heralded by their cock-a-doodle-doo. The villagers get themselves into this poultry routine of life. They finish their meal at twilight and go to bed after shutting the hen-house door. The next morning they wake at cock crow. But this night is different. It is too hot to sleep. There is no breeze. The leaves on the trees are still. Men and women are outside their cottages for fresh air. Some are sleeping out on mats laid on small platforms under the trees.

Herta Mueller and the Nobel

Herta Mueller's triumph has surprised a lot of people. But that ought not to be the case, for there have been situations when others not very well known in the world of literature have come by the Nobel Prize for Literature. And not just literature. A whole lot of controversy has raged around some of the awards given out in the peace category. So it is not merely literature that has come in for controversy.

Writing across cultures

Writers teaching in some of the world's top Creative Writing programs will talk about how they mentor students and important aspects of craft at 'Writing Across Cultures' in Hong Kong, 9-11 March 2010.

Star Health

How to reduce the risk of breast cancer

October which is observed as Breast Cancer Awareness Month reminds our pledge to boost awareness about breast cancer. Every year, the deadly cancer affects thousands of women in Bangladesh. Many of the deaths from this cancer could be prevented through adopting useful measures like self examination of breast, regular and periodic screening, early diagnosis and treatment.

Ensuring eye care services for the urban poor

One of the important health hazards in Bangladesh is blindness. It puts an additional burden to its socioeconomic condition. Eye problems are more miserable in urban slums and non-slum populations belonging to the lower socio-economic class as demonstrated by various studies.

Poor sleep linked to higher BMI

A good night's sleep may be more important than we think. In addition to allowing us to feel rested, energetic and clear-thinking, studies have shown that there are connections between sleep and heart health. There also has been research demonstrating that sleep may affect body weight.

Innovative initiative for healthy heart

Quaker, a product of PepsiCo in association with Apollo Group of Hospitals has launched a unique initiative in India to help increase awareness on the risk and prevention of heart diseases through diet, health and exercise. The call to action entitled “Mission to make India heart healthy” are set to spread awareness about the need to be vigilant about lifestyle moderation, eating habits and prevention through screening.

Help control IBS symptoms

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) occurs when the intestines squeeze too hard — or not hard enough — as food passes through. Symptoms may include diarrhoea or constipation, bloating, and a feeling that you still need to pass a stool, despite having recently passed one.

Cosmetics safety tips

Cosmetics may seem relatively harmless, but preservatives and fragrances added to these products are a frequent cause of skin problems. Scratching the eye when applying mascara also is a common problem.

Strategic Issues

Alarm bells on the eastern border

BANGLADESH and Myanmar are on a collision course with tension in the border that has been heightened by amassing of troops in their respective sides of the border. Foreign Minister Dipu Moni, when asked by journalists about the construction of pillars for barbed wire fence along the Bangladesh-Myanmar border at Naikkhangchhari in Bandarban, said that the action is in accordance with international law. The Foreign Minister, however, told journalists that she was not aware that the Myanmar military had gathered 10,000 Rohingas in the border on their side with the intention of pushing them into Bangladesh. The Foreign Minister also did not comment on the amassing of troops near the border. She was trying to diffuse the tension diplomatically, which is understandable.

Terrorist rehabilitation programme for Bangladesh

THE newspapers in Bangladesh are once again abuzz with the stories of Islamic militants being arrested from around the country. Only recently, their hideouts, training centres and arms cache have been found deep in the jungles of Chittagong Hill Tracts. Their recruitment, training and motivation programmes, as revealed by captured militants, even if those are partially true, are simply amazing.

Afghan Presidential Elections

THE second Afghan Presidential elections which concluded on 20 August 2009 were marked by a low voter turnout of approximately 40 per cent, allegations of widespread fraud and 400 incidents of violence- making it the most violent day in Afghanistan since 2001. Hamid Karzai's failure to build upon the previous electoral verdict, which gave to him support of 55 per cent of the electorate- based on a high voter turnout of 70 per cent, and the resultant corruption and lack of governance created a sense of despondency amongst an already war weary electorate, many of whom chose to stay away. This coupled with the threat of the use of violence by the Taliban, kept away a large number of women voters. Although these elections have been held under extremely trying circumstances and thus their conduct was not expected to be perfect however, the widespread allegations of corruption and fraud has only served to make matters much worse. The UN backed Electoral Complaints Commission (ECC) is investigating 726 serious allegations of major vote fraud and over 2000 complaints of fraud and intimidation. These developments have ruffled feathers in the west and undermined Kazai's moral standing both in the international community and back home.

Star Books Review

Saving half the world's population

How many books make a significant difference in matters that concern everyone who lives on earth? You can probably count the titles on one hand. Nicholas D. Kristof and Sheryl WuDunn, husband and wife, have certainly written such a book. Half the Sky: Turning Oppression into Opportunity for Women Worldwide is the most important book that I have read since Rachel Carson's Silent Spring, published in 1962. I am not alone in saying that this is the most significant book that I have ever reviewed.

Looking for pearls in an oyster

IF I am asked, “What is or what should be your philosophy of life?” I'll simply reply, “This universe is the expression of unadulterated and unfathomable love. That 'love' is the single reason of the expression of me too. So, my only philosophy is to realise that love and spread it as much as possible. My appearance on this earth is also for this. ... The height of a man can be measured with the power and sphere of his love.' Nuhul, the protagonist of the debut novel Nuhuler Monchitro by Sheikh. Almamun expresses his ideologies this way. Yes, no doubt, it sounds really very philosophical, which the novel abounds in wholeheartedly.

The empowerment of citizens

RIGHT to information has been playing a vital role in reshaping the state machinery and ensuring greater participation of people in different countries across the globe.

Love among the Mughals

Out of a brothel, perfumed desirably and trailing a mysterious bloodline, an 'overly pretty' traveler reaches the magnificent court of Mughal emperor Akbar. Despite his foolish choice to wear a coat of coloured leather lozenges in the heat of Fatehpur Sikri, the traveler wittily introduces himself as 'Mogor dell'Amore', the Mughal of Love. As Akbar falls prey to his silvered tongue, the yellow-haired traveler starts to relate a story of love which can 'make his fortune or else cost him his life.'


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