Warning: strtotime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/archive/newDesign/archive.php on line 134
Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/archive/newDesign/archive.php on line 135
News of: Wednesday, 8th of June, 2011
Notice: Undefined variable: prev in /var/www/archive/newDesign/archive.php on line 163
It looks like a battleground.
The Pakistani and the US authorities are reluctantly claiming the death of militant leader Ilyas Kashmiri for the third time in the last three years, but they still lack the knowledge about his network, aims and the capability of his 313 brigade despite the fact that Kashmiri was actually a genie created by the Pakistani establishment. He served the interest of the US in the 80s and of Pakistan's in the 90s, but today both American and Pakistani security establishments want to celebrate Kashmiri's death based on some confirmation. Pakistani security agencies have arrested a number of people, who were once close to Kashmiri, from different areas but the agencies are not ready to admit that the violation of the article 256 of the constitution of Islamic Republic of Pakistan by the Pakistani state actually made many people admire Ilyas Kashmiri.
Limon Hossain, shot and maimed by Rapid Action Battalion, has not been involved in any criminal gang -- stated a government probe report submitted to the home ministry on Monday.
The government wants to keep the deficit in the next fiscal year's budget within five percent of the GDP.
Noted artist and one of the pioneers of modern art movement in Bangladesh Mohammad Kibria died at a city hospital yesterday morning.
Agreements on the Teesta water sharing and border demarcation will be signed during Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh's visit to Bangladesh “well before” the end of the year.
Awami League chief Sheikh Hasina and Jatiya Party Chairman HM Ershad yesterday agreed that if any party has proposals about what to do with the caretaker government issue, it should be placed in parliament.
In a rejoinder sent to The Daily Star, Tangail Forest Division termed the June-5 report--52 Mills: Sawing Reserve Forests-- “misleading” and “not based on facts”.
The government yesterday approved four furnace oil-based independent power plants to generate 368 megawatts of electricity.
The northern Syrian town of Jisr al-Shughour yesterday braced for an assault by the military after the government said 120 security forces personnel had been killed there by "armed gangs".
BNP Acting Secretary General Mirza Fakhrul Islam Alamgir yesterday claimed the prime minister herself has blocked the way for holding a political dialogue on caretaker government system.
A petition was submitted to a Dhaka court yesterday seeking issuance of arrest warrant against Tarique Rahman, senior vice chairman of BNP for not appearing before the court, in a money laundering case.
Awami League lawmaker of Savar, Murad Jong, eight police personnel and 35 other people were sued yesterday on charge of extortion.
Armed muggers allegedly made away with Tk 15 lakh from three garment factory employees by shooting at their car in the capital's Segunbagicha yesterday.
A Sylhet court has set yet another deadline for filing the report of further probe into the killing of former finance minister Shah AMS Kibria and four others.
Police yesterday detained 10 people suspected of having ties to the al-Qaeda extremist network in southern Turkey, Anatolia news agency reported.
The intensity with which both the ruling party and the opposition are focused on the caretaker government issue says something about their attitudes to the problem. The prime minister has in these past few days been reiterating her position that the door is open for negotiations between the government and the opposition on the ways and means of arriving at a solution. It is certainly appreciable that Sheikh Hasina has now assured the opposition that no one-sided solution will be imposed. Her invitation to the BNP to return to the Jatiyo Sangsad and present its own formula towards finding a way out of the crisis is perfectly in order for the simple reason that at this critical moment both sides need to reach a compromise in the larger interest of our future.
The parliament has passed a bill titled Public Interest Related Information Disclosure (Protection) Act, 2011. Although enacted by a voice vote, hopefully, all clauses of the bill have been carefully crafted to make the law into a user-friendly piece of legislation. That is where the law's efficacy will be tested in the first place. So, the enactment of the law, though highly welcome as catering to a long-felt need, may not be enough by itself.
Alastair Cook scored his third century in four Test innings to help give England a chance of a series-clinching victory against Sri Lanka at Lord's here on Tuesday.
Mohammad Ashraful was an enigma for all the previous selection committees and he has remained the same for the Akram Khan-led new selection panel. It will not be an easy task for the newly-appointed committee to take decisions on Ashraful, who was dropped for the three-match home series against Australia in April, when they sit on to pick up the final squad for the Zimbabwe trip in July-August.
Muktijoddha Sangsad kept the pressure on leaders Sheikh Jamal Dhanmondi Club with a 3-0 mauling of Chittagong Abahani at the Cox's Bazaar Stadium yesterday.
Having claimed themselves victims of a conspiracy from a few officials of the Bangladesh Badminton Federation, the Knit Concern Badminton Club officials sought a healthy environment in the federation as well as removal of those concerned officials.
Indian Celebrity Management Group and local Showbiz Entertainment are planning to launch a football tournament in the mould of the Indian Premier League (IPL) in Bangladesh with former world stars making up a marquee 'icon player' in each, said an official yesterday.
Vincent Barnes has turned down an offer to coach Bangladesh but has been asked to reconsider his decision by the Bangladesh Cricket Board (BCB). Barnes' contract as South Africa's assistant coach will be terminated at the end of June and he is not part of the revamped national set-up under newly-appointed coach Gary Kirsten.
It was not the most comprehensive of wins but having taken a morale-boosting 1-0 lead in the series, India would look to press home the advantage against a nervy West Indies in the second one-dayer, here today.
Pakistan has rejected reforms which could see the country lose the right to have one of its nationals at the head of cricket's governing body, an official said Tuesday.
A spectator in the Lord's Pavilion was injured by broken glass after England batsman Matt Prior threw a glove to spark an extraordinary sequence of events.
Sri Lanka captain Tillakaratne Dilshan has suffered a hairline fracture of his right thumb and will bat on the final day of the second Test at Lord's here on Tuesday only if "absolutely necessary", a team spokesman said.
Suspended Pakistan cricket star Shahid Afridi yesterday filed a petition in court demanding that sanctions imposed on him by the Pakistan Cricket Board be overthrown and calling for justice.
Rohit Sharma led the way with an unbeaten 68, and Shikhar Dhawan scored 51 to propel India to a facile four-wicket victory over West Indies in the first One-day International on Monday.
Simon Katich's Test career appears over after he was left out of Cricket Australia's contracted players' list for the 2011-12 season on Tuesday.
Serena Williams will make her return to tennis after missing almost a year with injury and illness as she takes a wild card entry into next week's Eastbourne grass-court tournament, tournament officials said Tuesday.
More than half of the sports fans who applied for tickets to the 2012 Olympics have missed out, the BBC reported Tuesday.
Halle's ATP tournament suffered a huge blow on Monday when the main drawcard top seed and six-time Wimbledon champion Roger Federer pulled out.
Three late goals saw a second-string France side inflict a 4-1 humbling of joint Euro 2012 hosts Ukraine in a friendly here on Monday to extend their unbeaten run under coach Laurent Blanc to nine matches.
Asian football is not in "crisis" and is running smoothly despite corruption allegations which have left its leader suspended from the sport, a senior official said Tuesday.
Australia and Serbia fought out a pulsating scoreless draw in Melbourne on Tuesday in their first meeting since last year's World Cup in South Africa.
Lionel Messi and his Argentina team mates will travel to India later this year to take on Venezuela in a friendly designed to boost football on the subcontinent, a report said Tuesday.
Benfica left-back Fabio Coentrao could be on his way to Spanish giants Real Madrid, according to a Spanish sports daily, which said the two clubs will meet this week to seal the deal.
Experienced Dutchman Martin Jol was named the new manager of Premier League side Fulham on Tuesday, replacing Mark Hughes who resigned last week after one season in charge.
South Korea squeaked past an aggressive Ghana 2-1 in an international friendly in Jeonju Tuesday, thanks to a Koo Ja-Cheol goal off a rebound in injury time.
England striker Peter Crouch on Tuesday rejected reports indicating he planned to quit international football after being consistently snubbed by Fabio Capello.
The government has moved to increase sales of savings instruments by raising their interest rates and cutting taxes on profit, as sales marked a fall in the outgoing fiscal year.
Philip Kotler, known as the guru of marketing, yesterday laid out a number of recommendations for Bangladesh to achieve faster economic progress.
Local businesses willing to invest in foreign lands suffered a blow after the government reneged on its previous plan to allow capital transfer due to mounting pressure on reserves and balance of payments.
Net profit of Robi Axiata Ltd has declined by 12.90 percent to Tk 54 million in the first quarter to March 31, compared to the same period last year, the company said yesterday.
Two-way trade between Bangladesh and the United States may surpass $6 billion this year, US Ambassador James F Moriarty said yesterday.
Bangladesh should step up efforts to attract foreign investment to its nagging energy sector as the country alone cannot afford the multi-billion dollar investment, experts said yesterday.
Stocks gained yesterday on both bourses as investors went for bulk buying following news that the central bank sat with commercial banks to discuss their market concerns.
MA Yousuf Khan has recently been promoted deputy managing director of Mercantile Bank.
A group of Indian ministers is expected to meet here today to decide whether to permit cotton exports beyond the ceiling of 55 lakh bales for the current season.
European leaders must take tough decisions on Greece at a June summit before the IMF will disburse its share of a vital rescue loan, a senior IMF official said on Tuesday.
TNT Express, a global product delivery service provider, has recently joined hands with MACOMM, a marketing communication and advertising firm, to initiate an environment awareness programme at Bashundhara City Shopping Mall in the capital.
Greece mustn't waste its second chance. Athens looks like it will receive enough bailout cash to see it through to end-2013. But if it veers off track again, as is all too possible, any third chance might come with such extreme conditions that a messy default and a humiliating exit from the euro wouldn't be far away.
Western companies also argue that Beijing's subsidy regime discourages the use of solar panels in China. Unlike Germany, China refuses to introduce tariff incentives that would drive domestic demand for solar energy. Even with its dominant share of solar cell and panel production, and even as the country scrambles to generate more power, analysts estimate China installed less than 500 MW of solar power inside its own borders in 2010.
If you are a stock investor then you might have seen or heard about a physical trading floor where traders are found waving, yelling and signalling to each other.
The necessity of establishing a stock exchange in the then East Pakistan was first felt in early 1952. Calcutta Stock Exchange did not allow transactions of Pakistani shares and securities. The provincial industrial advisory council soon thereafter set up an organising committee for the formation of a stock exchange in East Pakistan. A decisive step was taken at the second meeting of the organising committee held on March 13, 1953. Various aspects of the issue were discussed in detail in the cabinet room, Eden Building, under the chairmanship of A Khaleeli, secretary for the commerce, labour and industries department of the government of East Bengal.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel arrived in Washington late Monday for a three-day summit with US President Barack Obama, amid lingering differences over the dour world economy and Mideast policy.
Apple Inc CEO Steve Jobs unveiled services for people to store more of their photos, music and other data online, giving the iPad and iPhone maker the lead in a fast-expanding new consumer market.
Sony Corp unveiled the pricing of its new PlayStation Vita handheld games device at a flashy Los Angeles event and immediately ran into criticism the gadget was too expensive.
Cash-strapped Belarus is negotiating the sale of its most prized asset, the potash producer Belaruskali, under the terms of a loan agreed this month with Russia, the Wall Street Journal reported Tuesday.
India's finance minister said Tuesday that the next head of the IMF should be picked on merit, not nationality, in a veiled criticism of Europe's stranglehold on the position.
Asian stocks were mixed on Tuesday in the first day of region-wide trade after a long weekend, with bargain hunting weighed by another poor show on Wall Street and global economic fears.
Three vehicles were gutted in a fire at Panchlaish in the port city yesterday.
With key focus on "the government's failure in economic sector", the main opposition BNP is to place a budget proposal today offering a number of specific suggestions to boost up the country's economy and to ensure welfare of the people.
World Bank will provide 36 million US dollar (approximately Tk 254 crore) loan to Bangladesh for conservation of the wildlife, including tiger.
Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina yesterday reiterated her firm determination to introduce electronic voting system and strengthen the Election Commission in a bid to hold the next parliamentary elections in a free, fair and credible manner.
The sunken oil tanker in the Karnaphuli was pulled to the river's northern bank and was beached on a sandbank yesterday afternoon.
Speakers at a seminar yesterday stressed the need for allocation of budget for grass-root people, including indigenous people and other ethnic minorities, to ensure equal opportunities.
A domestic help was tortured allegedly by her employer at Uttar Kafrul in the city yesterday afternoon
Police on Monday night arrested three people in connection with the killing of American expatriate Nurul Alam on May 30.
Many traders in Old Dhaka switched off their cell and landline phones yesterday fearing threats from the accomplices of 'Dakat Shahid' following the killing of an Ansar member at a CNG filling station in Jatrabari Monday night.
Information Minister Abul Kalam Azad yesterday said negative mindset of the officials regarding making information available by their own initiative is a major challenge in implementing the right to information (RTI) act.
The Election Commission yesterday kicked off their elaborate dialogue process for reforms in the EC with the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) and Jatiya Party (JP) expressing their support for introduction of an electronic voting system (EVS) in the next general polls.
Ten people were killed and 35 others injured in road accidents in Tangail, Narsingdi, Bogra, Panchagarh, Sirajganj, and Chittagong yesterday and Monday.
A good number of ruling alliance lawmakers in parliament yesterday demanded the government to immediately resolve the ongoing power and gas crises.
President Zillur Rahman yesterday urged the senior members of Bangladesh Bar Council to contribute more to the national development alongside their legal profession.
Jowaherul Islam Mamun was elected president and Hemayet Uddin Ahmed as general secretary of the Society for the Welfare of the Intellectually Disabled, Bangladesh (SWID-Bangladesh) for 2011-2013.
A Dhaka court yesterday sent to jail Bilkis Khatun Nadia, a diploma nurse who stabbed the three-year-old daughter of her supposed boyfriend at Kalabagan in the city Monday.
The High Court yesterday granted ad-interim bail for six months to former BNP deputy minister Abdus Salam Pintu and former BNP lawmaker Nasiruddin Ahmed Pintu in two separate criminal cases.
A K Khan Healthcare Trust has launched its Nursing Bridge Programme at Ibrahim Cardiac and Research Institute in the city yesterday to increase knowledge and skills of the nurses.
The 12th founding anniversary of Department of Peace and Conflict Studies of Dhaka University (DU) will be celebrated today.
Police recovered 390 pieces of Yaba tablets from a truck and arrested the truck driver at Alanker intersection in the port city yesterday.
The Changi airport authorities of Singapore have awarded "growth incentive scheme" to Biman Bangladesh Airlines for transporting more passengers in 2010 than the previous year on Dhaka-Singapore-Dhaka route.
A mobile court yesterday seized and destroyed 50 kg of grapes treated with formalin from three different shops at Hatirpool kitchen market in the city.
Police on Monday night arrested three people in connection with the killing of American expatriate Nurul Alam on May 30.
Police recovered the body of an unidentified person wrapped in a sack from Sadarghat area yesterday morning.
Chittagong city Awami League leaders yesterday urged the opposition BNP not to spread panic and destructive activities in the name of movement and hartal.
Engr Md Imdadul Haque Jasim, a former lawmaker, passed away at his residence at Baily Road in Dhaka yesterday due to cardiac arrest at the age of 69, says a press release.
Azizunne-ssa Khatun, wife of late Nasiruddin Ahmad, former director general of Bangladesh Post Office, passed away due to old age complications on June 3 at the age of 90, says a press release.
Educationist Khataman Ara Begum, former headmistress of Gul-e-zar Begum Girls High School in Chittagong and wife of former additional secretary of Education Ferdous Khan, passed away at Lalmatia City Hospital in the city yesterday at the age of 88.
Srimati Naleni Prova Datta, mother of Sanjit Kumar Datta, managing director of New Generation Company and adviser of Bangladesh Puja Udjapan Committee, passed away yesterday due to old age complications at the age of 93, says a press release.
Salinity grips nearly 80 percent villages under Koira upazila in the district, causing persistent crisis of safe drinking water and extensive damage to arable lands, especially those producing paddy and vegetables.
At least 50 people were injured and 20 shops vandalised in pre-and post UP-poll violence in Sirajganj, Jessore, Munshiganj, Noakhali and Faridpur districts yesterday and on Monday night.
With serious face injuries caused due to 'boiled water treatment' by a fake kobiraj (herbal practitioner), Shilpi Khatun of Khetupara village in Santhia upazila under Pabna district is groaning in pain at the upazila health complex.
More than 600 sacks of fertiliser were seized from a dealer shop at Gorea Hat of the district town on Monday evening.
Four fishing cat cubs, caught by the people of Baneshwar village in Madhabpur upazila under Habiganj district on Monday morning, were returned to the mother the same day.
A 24-year-old lion died of old age complications at Rangpur Zoo yesterday morning.
Interns at Mymensingh Medical College Hospital (MMCH) yesterday called off their indefinite strike.
Barring a few incidents of violence, election to the union parishads in Munshiganj, Dinajpur, Narsingdi and Manikganj districts was yesterday held peacefully.
Three candidates from the ruling Awami League (AL) are contesting for the mayoral post in June 12 Galachipa municipality polls while BNP and Jamaat-e-Islami set separate candidates.
Trees worth around Tk 5 lakh at Kishoreganj Jute Research Institution (KJRI), also an old deep tube-well have been sold illegally in the name of mosque construction at the institute.
Police picked up two senior physicians of Khulna Shishu Hospital yesterday morning for interrogation in connection with the death of domestic help Tushti.
Election fever has gripped Ghoraghat municipality as candidates contesting in the first-ever election are trying every trick to woo the voters.
A man was killed by his neighbour over land dispute at Roalia village in Gobindaganj upazila Monday night.
A shrimp enclosure owner was killed allegedly by his staff at Beel Pabla village in Dumuria upazila early Monday.
Fire gutted a motor parts shop and a motorbike garage at Singra of Natore early Monday.
At least 45 people were killed in an al-Qaeda-held town in the latest violence in Yemen and protesters took to the streets of the capital yesterday to demand that President Ali Abdullah Saleh stay in exile.
Waves of Nato aircraft hit Tripoli yesterday in the most sustained bombardment of the Libyan capital since Western forces began air strikes in March.
Japan will for the first time report to the UN nuclear watchdog that fuel in its crippled Fukushima plant may have melted through the bottoms of three reactor core vessels, a news report said yesterday.
Anna Hazare, an iconic anti graft figure, said yesterday he would hold another hunger strike against corruption after his first fast in April drew major government concessions.
The EU health commissioner has said yesterday the current E coli outbreak is limited geographically to northern Germany and does not need Europe-wide controls.
More than 5,000 nuclear weapons are deployed around the world and nuclear powers continue investing in new weapon systems, making meaningful disarmament in the near future unlikely, a report published yesterday said.
Interpol urged the world's airlines yesterday to establish a passport database to help prevent attacks by terrorists using fake or stolen travel documents.
Myanmar has seen a "dramatic" rise in complaints about forced labour owing to increased public awareness about the problem, a UN agency working in the country said yesterday.
More than 1,500 people have died this year in violence across southern Sudan, the United Nations said, ahead of the region's independence in July.
Afghan officials are asking the United Nations Security Council to lift sanctions against some 50 Taliban figures, a senior diplomat said yesterday, amid moves towards reconciliation.
Pressure was building yesterday on New York congressman Anthony Weiner, who openly wept as he refused to resign amid stunning admissions that he lied about extramarital online and phone sex with several young women.
The iconic black and red jacket worn by Michael Jackson in his "Thriller" video is to go under the hammer at a two-day Music Icons Exhibition in Beverly Hills.
Russia is not playing the role of mediator in the Libya conflict, Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said yesterday after a Kremlin envoy was dispatched to the rebels' stronghold in Benghazi.
Thailand will respect the ruling of the United Nations' highest court on whether it must withdraw troops from a border area at the centre of a deadly row with Cambodia, an official said yesterday.
China yesterday accused the Philippines of harming its maritime rights and interests in the South China Sea, in sharp retaliation to claims by Manila that Beijing is undermining regional peace.
US President Barack Obama is supporting UN leader Ban Ki-moon for a second five-year term at the helm of the 192-member organisation, the White House said yesterday.
At least ten people were dead yesterday after torrential rains slammed the Haitian capital, turning roads to rivers, collapsing fragile houses and swamping the city's squalid camps set up after last year's earthquake.
Hackers claimed on Monday to have staged another attack on Japanese electronics giant Sony, publishing online a file containing source code for the Sony Computer Entertainment Developer Network.
Rescuers yesterday plucked 10 more bodies from the waters after a passenger ship capsized off Indonesia's Borneo island, raising the death toll from the accident to 28, an official said.
A group of European Union officials has arrived in North Korea for a two-week visit to assess the impoverished country's food situation amid fears of imminent shortages, officials said yesterday.
A huge forest fire in the southwestern US state of Arizona has destroyed around 94,000 hectares of forest, and forced some 2,500 people in rural communities to evacuate as firefighters battled the blaze.
Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad yesterday condemned Tehran's arch-foe the United States for "meddling" in the Islamic republic's regional Arab ally, Syria.
Arts & Entertainment
As part of the ongoing National Theatre Festival by Bangladesh Group Theatre Federation, Mahakal Natyasampraday premiered its 27th production “Nishimon Bisharjan”-- based on Rabindranath Tagore's “Bisharjan”. The play was staged at the Experimental Theatre Hall, Bangladesh Shilpakala Academy, on June 6.
As part of the year-long joint celebration by Bangladesh and India, marking 150th birth anniversary of Rabindranath Tagore, a book titled “Rabi Bichitra” was launched at Indira Gandhi Cultural Centre (IGCC) auditorium, High Commission of India in Dhaka, on June 4, according to a press release.
At 50 plus, like a prime time soap opera, Rekha still gets viewers in a tizzy. In short, she has kept her audience hooked, both on and off the screen, even before it became fashionable to be 'divaesque'. While acres of newsprint have been written about her legendary beauty; turn to her performances, and the critics have been floored each time she out-does their expectations. Rekha has been Bollywood's first real superstar in the times when women played only the mandatory love interest of the heroes. How does she stay in-tune with the times? She admits it is the consistency and originality, and maintaining a balance between the two equations that keeps her going. Personifying existential wisdom... that's Rekha. She's still big... It's the movies that got smaller...
North South University Photography Club (NSUPC) has organised a solo photography exhibition featuring one its founder members, Saud Al Faisal. Titled “Lifescape”, the five-day exhibition opened on June 6 at NSU's Bashundhara Campus, according to a press release.
From June 8 to 10, world leaders will convene in New York City at the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) High Level Meeting on AIDS. The gathering of heads of states and other leaders from government, the scientific community, civil society and the private sector offers a unique opportunity to review progress, share lessons learned and chart the future course of the global AIDS response.
Our history, Bangladesh's history, is somewhat rich in irony, assuming that you have cared to notice. Observe the defiant manner in which Sheikh Hasina argues today in defence of an abolition of the caretaker form of government. She bases her logic, of course, on the recent Supreme Court pronouncement that the caretaker concept is a violation of the law and therefore cannot stand.
On May 31, Chancellor of Germany, Dr. Angela Merkel, paid a high-profile visit to India, Asia's second-fastest growing economy. The visit to New Delhi took place on the occasion of the 60th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries.
The issue of the Caretaker Government (CTG) is political, not legal. The Appellate Division (AD) in its 1981 judgment stated that the Court will refrain from resolving political questions if the same could be done in another way. The leader of the House has breached the norms of parliamentary procedure by declaring the fate of the 13th Amendment on the basis of a judgment which is yet to be published. The opposition's hasty hartal also shows that they are not apathetic to resorting to violent means to press their demand.
I remember having a conversation on corruption with late Professor Syed Hussein Alatas, a leading scholar on corruption and a sociologist. While discussing various issues he remarked: "Look at Singaporeans -- here is an entire generation who grew up without having to pay a single bribe." This is a remarkable achievement on the part of Singapore's leadership. Singapore's founding leader Mr. Lee Kuan Yew and his colleagues had a very low level of tolerance for corruption. Corruption was unacceptable, corrupt people were prosecuted and punished swiftly.
Vikings raid the abbey at Lindisfarne in Northumbria, commonly accepted as the beginning of the Scandinavian invasion of England.