News of: Wednesday, 22nd of June, 2011
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The door is not closed for talks on the caretaker government issue even though the cabinet has approved the draft bill for constitution amendments, some ministers and ruling Awami League lawmakers said yesterday.
After doctors in Bangladesh and India have failed to restore Rumana Manzur's eyesight, the Dhaka University teacher now has just one option open: waiting for a miracle.
The Department of Environment yesterday fined an owner of a private housing company Tk10.68 lakh for cutting a hill and destroying local ecology in Khadimpara area of Sylhet Sadar.
European Union and Germany representatives yesterday said the government and opposition should discuss the best ways for development of Bangladesh as it has all chances to become a middle income economy by 2021.
Islam, who would not disclose his full identity fearing it would affect his loan eligibility, is the owner of one of the giants in textiles, and was expecting a good profitable year until things started tumbling a few months back.
The school is open and the classes are on. So is the month-long fair.
The main opposition BNP has formally rejected the Election Commission's invitation to sit a dialogue with it over electoral reforms, terming the commission "controversial".
Bangladesh has moved down one notch to 25th from the 24th position last year in the rankings of 'failed states', the prestigious US based Foreign Policy magazine said in its latest annual ranking.
The work of Padma Multipurpose Bridge is getting late as its lead financier World Bank has yet to give the nod on two key components of the project -- the main bridge construction and river training.
Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina yesterday expressed her government's firm commitment to protect the voting right of people, saying “people will decide who will run the country”.
The first all-female Armed Police Battalion (APBn) unit was launched yesterday in the capital.
BNP has decided to resist any move to scrap the constitutional provision for caretaker government system, as the party says it is aimed at holding a “farcical election” under the political government.
Even though the courts so far gave 22 months for the CID to finish further investigation into the August 21, 2004 grenade attack cases, the investigators yesterday asked for 10 more days.
The South Asians for Human Rights (SAHR) has expressed concern over government's continued statements defending the Rab shooting of college student Limon Hossain into disability.
Professor Emeritus Kazi Zaker Husain, the spearhead in the country's wildlife protection movement and a zoology teacher of Dhaka University, died of cardiac arrest at his Lalmatia residence in the city yesterday. He was 81.
Speaker Abdul Hamid and a number of lawmakers yesterday expressed resentment over wholesale absence of ministers, especially the finance and planning ministers, during discussion on the proposed budget.
A Dhaka court yesterday acquitted former public works minister and Jatiya Party (JP-Manju) leader Sheikh Shahidul Islam and Chief Executive Officer of Pran Group Maj Gen (retd) Amjad Khan Chowdhury of a graft case.
The High Court (HC) yesterday issued a contempt of court rule against four government high officials for barring BNP leader Barrister Nasir Uddin Asim at Shahjalal International Airport from going abroad.
Durgapur Upazila Health Complex authorities in Rajshahi were forced to suspend a tender process amid threats from local leaders and activists of Bangladesh Chhatra League (BCL) yesterday.
The Rapid Action Battalion seized V-Sat equipment, used for illegal voice over Internet protocol (VoIP) business, raiding a house in the city's Paikpara of Mirpur last night.
A mild tremor jolted the capital and some other parts of the country yesterday morning.
A Taliban suicide bomber targeted a provincial governor in northern Afghanistan yesterday, killing two civilians and wounding another two, the interior ministry said.
A 5.1-magnitude aftershock rattled New Zealand's Christchurch yesterday, geologists said, forcing the evacuation of the city's airport and reportedly cutting power in some areas of the city.
Silvio Berlusconi's government won a confidence vote on a bill in parliament yesterday, bringing temporary relief to the Italian premier after crushing defeats in local elections and a round of referendums.
With the cabinet okaying the JS Body's recommendation for doing away with the caretaker government, the AL government has virtually shut out the door for talks with the opposition on the issue and taken what we believe to be an unintended confrontational posture.
Remembering Sufia Kamal is in large measure a celebration of the Bengali cultural heritage. The centenary of her birth, which was observed throughout the country on Monday, was indeed occasion for us to recall the significant role the poet played in our cultural ambience once she opted for a literary vocation in the early years of her life. She was an individual who, it can be said with pride, was our link with the past. Her interaction in youth with Begum Rokeya, Mohammad Nasiruddin, indeed with Rabindranath Tagore and Kazi Nazrul Islam were all pointers to the path that lay ahead for her, one which would define her own presence in the Bengali world of creative thought.
Sheikh Russel KC tasted their first win over Abahani in the professional football league when they handed a single-goal defeat to the 10-men Sky Blues in their Bangladesh League fixture at the Bangabandhu National Stadium yesterday.
Sheikh Jamal Dhanmondi Club will be banking on local forwards in the bid for their maiden professional football league title when the star-studded side take on Brothers Union in their Bangladesh League fixture at the Bangabandhu National Stadium today.
Imrul Kayes believes that as crucial as it is to switch focus from white to red ball cricket, it will be the frame of mind that will decide how successfully Bangladesh return to Test cricket after more than a year.
Suresh Raina and Harbhajan Singh struck flamboyant half-centuries, yet India endured a rocky start to the first Test against West Indies on Monday.
Paul Collingwood was dropped from both the England Twenty20 and one-day squads announced Tuesday for the upcoming fixtures against Sri Lanka.
In 1953-54, the New Zealand team were still finding their feet at the top level. They had not won any of their 27 Tests till that point, and as expected lost the first Test in Durban by an innings.
Returning to Grand Slam tennis after a year out with health problems, Serena Williams opened her Wimbledon title defence Tuesday by beating Aravane Rezai in three sets -- then burst into tears on Centre Court.
Shakib Al Hasan finished with seven wickets in Worcestershire's crushing nine-wicket win over Hampshire in the County Championship yesterday.
Goalkeeper Aminul Haque yesterday turned down the Bangladesh Football Federation's appeal to reconsider his retirement decision to represent the country in the FIFA World Cup pre-qualifiers against Pakistan. Bangladesh will play their home match on June 29 before facing Pakistan on July 3 in Lahore.
Defending champions BAF Shaheen School & College and Play Pen School maintained their winning run in the boys' group of the Polar Ice Cream 19th School Handball Tournament by winning their respective matches at the Handball Stadium yesterday.
Lionel Messi laid on two goals and scored another as Argentina romped to a 4-0 win over Albania at the Monumental on Monday in their last warm-up for next month's Copa America.
Chelsea target Andre Villas-Boas has opened the way for a move to the English Premier League by resigning as FC Porto coach, the Portuguese champions confirmed on Tuesday.
Reigning champions Brazil will be looking beyond next month's Copa America to the World Cup they will host in 2014, coach Mano Menezes admitted Monday.
Barcelona will refuse to pay 40 million euros (35 million pounds) for Arsenal skipper Cesc Fabregas although he "really wants" to transfer, according to Barcelona president Sandro Rosell.
Argentina and Brazil must be considered joint favourites to lift the Copa America next month, AC Milan's Brazilian defender Thiago Silva said Monday.
New Fulham manager Martin Jol said Tuesday he was relishing his return to the top flight of English football.
There seems no end to the list of Sachin Tendulkar admirers and the latest to laud the Indian batting icon is West Indian fast bowling great Courtney Walsh.
A German federal minister yesterday told the finance minister that their companies are facing legal barriers in spending money in social business projects in Bangladesh.
Awards always bring pleasure to winners, but there is some recognition that gives awardees a special feeling -- a new height, past winners of Bangladesh Business Awards said yesterday.
Sheltech (Pvt) Ltd, a leading real estate company, yesterday handed over the Sheltech Award-2010 to Prof Jamilur Reza Choudhury and Dr Atiur Rahman.
Standard Chartered Saadiq, the bank's brand name for Islamic banking, yesterday unveiled two shariah compliant products for business customers in
Both Dhaka and Chittagong bourses ended higher yesterday after a decision to relax credit deposit ratio rules and a parliamentary watchdog's plea to allow black money in the market shored up investors confidence.
Renata Ltd plans to set up a second potent product facility in Rajendrapur to increase its capacity, said SH Kabir, chairman of the pharmaceuticals company.
British oil giant BP hopes to soon be able to operate again in the Gulf of Mexico, its chairman was quoted as saying Tuesday.
Russia's power utility announced imminent plans Tuesday to cut off electricity to cash-strapped Belarus after Moscow released the first tranche of a $3 billion bailout loan to its neighbour.
Japan on Tuesday pledged to continue to help support Europe as it struggles to contain its debt crisis, such as by buying bonds from a eurozone rescue fund, finance minister Yoshihiko Noda said.
Finnish handset maker Nokia on Tuesday demonstrated the company's progress towards their new strategies across the board.
Wal-Mart's win at the US Supreme Court puts a nail in the coffin of big group lawsuits. The justices rightly blocked some 1.5 million female employees from banding together to sue the nation's largest retailer. But while the ruling squares with existing law, an April decision broke new ground in an apparent effort to stop such class-action grievances.
Facebook's US advertising revenue will total roughly $2.2 billion in 2011, displacing Yahoo Inc to collect the biggest slice of online display advertising dollars, according to a new study.
The insect is smaller than a rice granule, but it can destroy eggs of many crop-damaging pests and help farmers save crops.
For Saiful Islam, excessive use of chemical fertilisers and pesticides means securing his investment in potato farming.
Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou faced a vote of confidence in his new government on Tuesday in a fight vital to avert bankruptcy and stave off chaos across the eurozone and global markets.
Airbus piled up orders for its revamped A320neo passenger jet at the Paris Air Show on Tuesday, putting more pressure on Boeing and limiting scope for new rivals as Russian premier Vladimir Putin arrives to tout his country's aerospace industry.
India's largest state-run oil explorer Oil and Natural Gas Corp plans to invest $7.7 billion in developing one of India's biggest gas fields off the eas-tern coast, a company spokesman said Tuesday.
South Korea should push more family-friendly policies in the workplace to boost the birthrate and narrow the education gap between rich and poor to ensure long-term growth, the OECD said on Tuesday.
Hong Kong said Tuesday its inflation hit 5.2 percent year-on-year in May, its highest level since July 2008, and warned that prices will continue to go up due to soaring food costs and housing rent.
Asian stock markets rose Tuesday following a rally on Wall Street as dealers grew optimistic that the Greek debt crisis may be resolved soon.
World oil prices firmed on Tuesday with the market on edge over the Greek debt crisis, analysts said.
President Zillur Rahman has called for increasing medical research activities at the Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) to help create world-class specialist physicians.
State Minister for Science and ICT Yeafesh Osman urged the States to establish an emergency crisis management centre to deal with nuclear contingencies for the developing countries especially for LDCs.
UK Minister of State for International Development, Alan Duncan, visited Acid Survivors Foundation (ASF) in the city yesterday, says a press release.
Bangladesh Water Development Board (BWDB) demolished around 50 illegal structures -- some of them fully and some partly -- along the Dhaka embankment in the city's Mohammadpur yesterday.
Hundreds of students from schools and madrasas of old Dhaka in a street rally yesterday vowed to save the rivers surrounding the capital.
Detective police and Rapid Action Battalion in separate raids yesterday arrested six persons and seized some 11,500 Yaba tablets in Bangshal and Shah Ali of the city.
The Executive Committee of National Economic Council yesterday approved a project involving Tk 276.19 crore for better management of wildlife in the region.
The Supreme Court yesterday allowed the retired and removed High Court judges to practice law in the Appellate Division and to hold any judicial or semi-judicial post in a major step in line with a previous constitutional provision.
A team of the Manpower Employment Bureau will soon go to Malaysia with one lakh hand written passports to be issued among the undocumented Bangladeshi workers living in Malaysia.
The High Court yesterday directed the government to immediately take steps to stop cutting hills, and appropriate legal actions against those who are involved in such activities in Cox's Bazar.
State Minister for Environment and Forests hasan Mahmud yesterday sought European Union's cooperation to repair and build embankments in the coastal belt to protect the people from natural calamities.
Four people were killed and two others injured in separate road accidents in Dhaka and Kishoreganj on Monday and yesterday.
A local thug allegedly hacked a woman while she was trying to save her fellow from abduction in Kalsi Dighi Par area under Bandar Police Station in the port city yesterday.
Two development organisations at a joint news conference yesterday demanded Dhaka City Corporation form waste management committees in all wards of the city.
The government is planning to construct another parallel runway at Hazrat Shahjalal International Airport to keep pace with the growing aviation industry.
Some 45 leaders of different left-leaning students' organisations yesterday protested the statement of State Minister for Environment and Forests Hasan Mahmud.
The Election Commission (EC) has recommended withdrawal of deputy commissioner of Feni district and officer-in-charge (OC) of Sadar Police Station for their failure to prevent deterioration of law and order in the union parishad elections in the district.
Prof Dr Abdul Wahab, a teacher of Geography and Environment department of Rajshahi University (RU), passed away at Squire Hospital in the city on Monday at the age of 59, says a press release.
Visiting Indian Army chief Gen Vijay Kumar Singh yesterday called on chief of Naval Staff Vice-Admiral ZU Ahmed and chief of Air Staff Air Marshal SM Ziaur Rahman at their respective headquarters on the third day of his five-day visit to Bangladesh.
A female teacher of an English medium school allegedly committed suicide in the city's Kafrul on Monday night.
Jatiya Party Chairman HM Ershad yesterday praised the prime minister for the cabinet approval of proposals of constitutional amendments maintaining the phrase "Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim" and keeping "Islam" as the state religion in the constitution.
Police arrested a suspected activist of banned outfit Hizb ut-Tahrir Bangladesh after they brought out a procession yesterday noon near Jatiya Press Club in city.
Unicef launched two new episodes of Meena cartoons yesterday after a gap of seven years, says a press release.
A Dhaka court yesterday placed Nur Mohammad, an alleged criminal who was arrested after a gunfight with police at a check-post near Rajarbagh Police Lines on Monday night, on a two-day remand.
Today is the eighth death anniversary of Tolamoti Halder, mother of Chaitanya Chandra Halder, court correspondent of The Daily Star, says a press release.
Around 35,000 families, marooned here during tidal surge due to depression in the Bay, are passing their days amid food and shelter crisis.
Shortage of teachers badly hampers academic activities in colleges of Khagrachhari hill district.
Barely three months into its renovation, Barokhata railway station platform has turned into a chatal, paddy/maize husking and drying yard, thanks to some influential people of Barokhata village under Hatibandha upazila.
A presiding officer was jailed for violating election code of conduct in Mymensingh while over 100 people were injured in UP poll-related violence in Narsingdi, Munshiganj, Madaripur and Pabna districts yesterday.
The Indian government yesterday handed over to Bangladesh two cannons used by the "Mujib Battery" during the 1971 Liberation War as a gesture of goodwill.
A female student of Faridpur Medical College (FMC) met a tragic death as an end of her long scarf got wrapped around the wheel of the auto rickshaw that was carrying her near Faridpur Medical College Hospital (FMCH) in the town on Monday.
Transport workers on Monday evening called off their indefinite strike on internal routes in the district after the administration and police 'regretted' for Sunday's incident.
Death of a schoolboy in a road crash sparked off violence in Bajitpur upazila here yesterday morning.
Rahima Akter, who was bullet-hit during an operation by Rapid Action Battalion (Rab) in Bhairab on June 3, was sent to jail by the court on Monday.
Police recovered body of a slain Jubo League leader from a water body at Kolatali Moddapara in Karimganj yesterday.
The district BNP office in EB road area in the town was set on fire yesterday afternoon allegedly by local Bangladesh Chhatra League (BCL) activists.
Transport strike was observed here for the fourth consecutive day yesterday, disrupting vehicular movement between the district and other parts of the country.
A two-year-old girl drowned in a pond at village Chowbaria in Kaliganj upazila yesterday. The victim was identified as Sathi Parvin, daughter of Shahinur Rahman of the village. Quoting local people police said that Sathi, while playing by the side of the pond near her house, all on a sudden fell in the water and drowned at about 11-30 am. Local people recovered the body from the pond at about 12-30 pm.
A man was killed allegedly by his wife over a family feud at Biswapur village in Sadar upazila on Sunday. The deceased was identified as Abdus Sattar, 46, of the village. OC of Sadar PS Raihan Islam, quoting family sources said, Sattar married Reshma, 30, as his second wife five years back. After their marriage, they used to quarrel over flimsy grounds. On Sunday afternoon Reshma locked in a quarrel with Sattar and at one stage kicked him heavily on his scrotum, leaving him dead on the spot.
A two-day photo exhibition titled `Bangabondhu, Bhasa Andolon and Muktijuddho' begins today at Rajshahi University on the occasion of 62nd founding anniversary of ruling Awami League. Muktijoddha Sontan Command, an organisation of children of freedom fighters of the university will organise the exhibition at the central library premises.
Immigration and customs authorities arrested a senior staff nurse of Gopalganj district 250-bed hospital with an Indian passport at Bhomra land port here on Sunday afternoon. The arrestee was identified as Krishna Hira Das 37, daughter of Shashi Bhushan Hira of Chutamanda village of Gopalganj. Immigration officials of Bhomra land port said they, on secret information, arrested Krishna while going to India along with Tk 2 lakh using Indian passport. During interrogation by intelligence officers and immigration authorities Krishna admitted that she has been working as a senior staff nurse at the Gopalganj 250-bed hospital since long. Immigration authorities also said that Krishna went to India using Bangladeshi passport in last May through Benapole and returned home using Indian passport through Bhomra frontier.
Two dwelling houses were gutted in a fire which broke out at Nagarpur upazila headquarters Sunday noon. Police and fire service sources said the fire originated from an electric short circuit at the house of Akkas Ali near the upazila complex building and soon engulfed the adjacent house. On information, fire fighters with the help of local people doused the fire after an hour of frantic efforts. The affected house owners claimed that the extent of loss from the fire could go up to Tk 3 lakh.
Rival north and south Sudan on Monday signed a deal to demilitarize their disputed frontier region of Abyei and let in an Ethiopian peacekeeping force, an international mediator said.
Japan and the United States will delay plans to move a military base from a heavily populated area in Okinawa during top-level talks yesterday, officials said, as pressure builds for a new solution to the long-running rift.
A Russian plane exploded into flames after crashing on a highway just short of its airport, killing 44 and leaving eight survivors fighting for their lives, officials said yesterday.
President Bashar al-Assad yesterday ordered a new general amnesty, a day after an offer of "national dialogue" to end Syria's unrest, even as activists said four people were killed in anti-government protests.
Two suicide car bombs ripped through a guard post killing 26 people outside the provincial governor's home in Diwaniyah city yesterday, officials said, as violence surged across Iraq.
Australia is facing a "national crisis" over the number of Aborigines being put in jail, a report by a parliamentary committee claimed yesterday.
Nato defended the credibility of its air war in Libya yesterday after Italy warned that civilian deaths could undermine the campaign amid growing signs of strains within the alliance.
Toppled Tunisian president Zine el Abidine Ben Ali and his wife were sentenced in absentia to 35 years in prison each in a trial for misappropriating public funds on Monday.
Battles raged yesterday between Yemen's army and suspected Al-Qaeda militants for control of the southern city of Zinjibar, a military official said, as the number of soldiers killed passed the 100 mark.
China, already hit by torrential downpours that have left more than 260 dead or missing, braced yesterday for more rains and wind as a tropical storm neared its southern coast, weather authorities said.
A number of people were injured in sectarian clashes which broke out in the Northern Ireland capital of Belfast, the city's mayor said yesterday.
China said yesterday it hopes to boost military cooperation with India as the two Asian powerhouses resume defence ties that were frozen for a year over a visa dispute.
Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou faced a vote of confidence in his new government yesterday in a fight vital to avert bankruptcy and stave off chaos across the eurozone and global markets.
Myanmar's pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi will deliver her first-ever remarks to a US congressional committee to raise awareness of human rights concerns, a lawmaker said Monday.
Officials in Hong Kong warned of an outbreak of scarlet fever among children yesterday as the some feared the fever may take form of an outbreak in the region.
The UN General Assembly was set to elect South Korean Ban Ki-moon to a second term as UN leader after he was backed by all major powers.
Pakistan yesterday announced the arrest of an army brigadier accused of having contacts with a banned militant group.
France is set to launch extradition proceedings to send ex-dictator Manuel Noriega back home to Panama to face justice, the French foreign ministry said Monday.
France is pushing for Russia to join the World Trade Organisation by the end of the year, French Prime Minister Francois Fillon said during a visit by his Russian counterpart, Vladimir Putin.
Egypt's former president Hosni Mubarak, whose trial on charges of ordering the killing of anti-regime protesters is due in August, has stomach cancer, his lawyer Farid al-Dib told AFP on Monday.
France's former leader Jacques Chirac is to be tried for corruption relating to his time as Paris mayor in the 1990s in September, a judge said Monday, the first ever trial of a French ex-president.
Arts & Entertainment
“I can't tell you how many times I heard the reprimand, 'Stop doodling and get to work', when I was a child. My teachers were constantly telling me to stop drawing pictures and focus on the lessons at class. Doodles are simple drawings that can have concrete representational meaning or may just be abstract shapes. Doodling can assist a person's memory by expending just enough energy to keep one from inattention or carelessness,” said Mustapha Khalid Palash.
Fakir Lalon Shai's mystic realm unfurls in an untainted natural ambiance. Throughout his life, the 19th century mystic bard searched for answers to questions regarding purpose of life, creation and creator. Lalon's core philosophy is to know the creator through the creations. He also believed that nature could play the most significant role in the quest to know oneself. From this belief, Lalon used to arrange congregations, widely known as 'Shadhu Shongo'. The bard used to invite bauls and mystics to this congregation to share and exchange views. This became a tradition and to this day, Lalon's followers continue arranging such 'Shadhu Shongo' on every full moon night in Kushtia and adjacent areas. A 'Shadhu Shongo' was held on the last full moon [on June 16-17] night at a farm near Lalon's akhra (den) at Chheuria, Kushtia. Followers from different sects joined Lalon devotees at the programme. They followed rituals and sang songs from Lalon's opulent repertoire as well as compositions of other mystic bauls.
Department of Theatre, University of Dhaka (DU) will participate at the 19th International Youth Theatre Festival 2011 to be held in Seoul, South Korea, starting from July 6. At the festival, the DU team will stage “Shiddhanto”, an adaptation of German playwright Bertolt Brecht's “The Measures Taken”. Dr. Israfil Shaheen is directing the play. Shahman Moishan has translated the play into Bangla.
Suborna Mustafa made her directorial debut long ago. The late actor Golam Mustafa, her father, also acted under her direction. Her highly acclaimed screenplay based on Rabindranath Tagore's short story, “Shamapti”, earned her the reputation of a playwright.
Did Megan Fox jump or was she pushed? With “Transformers: Dark of the Moon” about to be unleashed, the latest reports suggest executive producer Steven Spielberg fired the actress from the franchise following comments about director Michael Bay.
The district administration organised a two-day long cultural programme at the Zilla Parishad auditorium in Natore to celebrate the advent of monsoon. The event concluded on Sunday night.
When you remember Sufia Kamal, it is poetry and then more than poetry that you recall. It is the beginning, the genesis of her creativity that you go back to. By any measure and in terms of the conservative Muslim social background she was born into, Sufia Kamal would be doing nothing remiss had she opted to lead a nondescript life behind the veil. And yet purdah, she must have reasoned at that early stage of life when impressions begin to shape themselves into a pattern, did not become her. That was boldness, perhaps with a ring of audacity to it, seeing that she came of zamindari stock in Barisal. And zamindars, landlords, were not always the best purveyors of cultural enlightenment. Sufia Kamal was to dig a tunnel out of conformity, a task in which her family pitched in with help. And, then, do not forget that the poet was fortunate in marrying a man, her first husband who was to die young, willing to go out on a limb to have her follow the call of her heart. In the years to follow, it was with the encouragement of her second husband that Sufia Kamal would move on, toward wider expanses of creativity.
We need to lay out the sequence if we want to assess the consequence.
Bigger than France, Turkey is a part of Europe and Asia, adjoins oil-rich Iran and sits astride the Dardanelles, through which Black Sea is connected. Its strategic significance is immense to big powers.
Adivasis of plain land districts in north western Bangladesh are surviving far below the so-called poverty line. With an average family size of 3.12 people, though lower than our national 4.7 average, most of them earn less than half a dollar (let alone the one dollar standard!) on which to make all ends meet.
In the last three decades, we have witnessed a consistent trend in US foreign policy towards the Muslim world, which involves interference, pressurising, intimidating, and outright wars. Sometimes there is a tendency to belittle this trend by linking it to only a few America presidents. However, the reality is that this trend has continued in the tenure of both the Democrats as well as the Republicans. The question is, why does the US subjugate the Muslim world?
The Holy Office in Rome forces Galileo Galilei to recant his view that the Sun, not the Earth, is the center of the Universe.