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Tuesday, September 23, 2014


News of: Sunday, 11th of September, 2011

Front Page

Liver traders go on the prowl

Twenty-three-year old Mehdi Hasan from Bamongram in Kalai upazila had been lured into selling his kidney but ended up losing a part of his liver.

Flyover not faulty

A technical committee yesterday cleared the Khilgaon flyover in the capital for use and said it was not risky at all. Light vehicles have begun using the flyover since yesterday afternoon.

Ferry services go haywire

Ferry services on Paturia-Daulatdia and Mawa-Kawrakandi routes resumed yesterday following salvage of all the vessels stuck in the hidden shoals of the river Padma.

Padma Bridge reels from complaints

The construction of the Padma Bridge will be delayed due to allegations lodged with the donors, Finance Minister AMA Muhith said yesterday.

Ulfa chief shot at in Myanmar

Paresh Barua, commander-in-chief of the United Liberation Front of Asom (Ulfa), has been shot at in the jungles of northwest Myanmar, reports Indian television channel NDTV yesterday.

9/11 revisited under clouds of threat

The US secretary of state has warned that al-Qaeda is behind a credible threat to Americans in the run-up to the anniversary of 9/11.

Let's focus on achievements

Chief Minister of Tripura Manik Sarkar said the Indian prime minister's recent visit to Dhaka may have had more misses than hits but the achievements should not be overshadowed by disappointments.

Master of all trades

The television is Sony, the washing machine is Samsung, the stereo system is Panasonic and the fridge is LG, but almost every other household implement is made by him.

2 more pushed off to death

Two persons were killed and two others injured as muggers pushed them off a running train in Mirzapur upazila of the district early yesterday.

Corridor to India given already

The main opposition BNP alleged that the government has already provided corridor facility to India although it did not gain its due right over the waters of common rivers.

Nat'l university to sack 821 staff

The syndicate of National University (NU) has decided to sack 821 officials and employees who were recruited through a fake advertisement during the tenure of the BNP-led alliance government.

ADB to fund digitisation

Asian Development Bank (ADB) will provide a $25 million loan to a project of the government to help deliver public services in a more efficient and transparent way.

Licence only after test

Lawmaker and noted artiste Tarana Halim yesterday demanded the government make non-bailable the offence of causing road accidents by drivers and increase the maximum punishment to 10 years imprisonment.

Commotion in army got Hasina nervy

Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina strongly desired a meeting with US President Barack Obama to show a sign of US support to her government weeks after the 2009 BDR mutiny, said several cables from US embassy in Dhaka.

Supercomputer may predict upheavals

Feeding a supercomputer with news stories could help predict major world events, according to US research.

CNG vehicle lifters stab driver to death

Hijackers stabbed a CNG-run auto-rickshaw driver to death in an attempt to seize the vehicle in the district Friday night.

11 dead in China ferry sinking

At least 11 people, including nine schoolchildren, died when an apparently overloaded ferry capsized in a river in southern China, reports said yesterday.

Editorial

Ten years after 9/11

There is no question that the destruction of the World Trade Centre ten years ago dramatically changed the US behaviour on the global scale. Attacked for the first time ever on the mainland, US reacted with a ferocity, rage and military might that has changed international politics forever.

The flyover subsidence

Engineering experts have made it known that the subsidence noticed on the Khilgaon flyover on Friday poses no risks to traffic and that all manner of vehicles can safely use it. That is certainly encouraging news, especially in light of the panic generated when reports first came in of a part of the flyover sinking a little through a displacement of three shutter plates.

Sports

'Shakib was alright'

After the hurriedly taken decision of sacking Shakib Al Hasan and Tamim Iqbal from the posts of captain and vice-captain, the Bangladesh Cricket Board (BCB) has been facing a dilemma in choosing their successors with the next home series against West Indies knocking at the door.

What about BCB captain?

It has almost been a week since Manic Monday when Bangladesh Cricket Board directors gathered to depose the captain of the national team at an abnormally dizzying speed; a decision that has left the Tigers with a leadership vacuum.

Mike, Shaun grind SL

Michael Hussey hit a 14th Test century and debutant Shaun Marsh his maiden ton before rain halted Australia's progress in the second Test against Sri Lanka on Saturday.

Top four in last four

Defending champion Rafael Nadal and world number four Andy Murray guaranteed a US Open Super Saturday line-up on Friday, completing an all-star, top-four lockout of the semifinal places.

Grandstand must do

The US Open Friday defended the decision to stick the women's semifinal between Australian Samanatha Stosur and German Angelique Kerber on the Grandstand Court -- the number three show court at Flushing Meadows.

Football diplomacy

When political diplomacy fails, sport can become an ice-breaker, it has been proved time and again. The business leaders of Bangladesh and India and are planning football diplomacy to soften the political differences by organising a friendly football match between Bangladesh League champions Sheikh Jamal Dhanmondi Club and Mohun Bagan of Kolkata.

Pakistan look for foreign coach

Pakistan will consider appointing a foreign coach to replace Waqar Younis despite the nation's security situation, the cricket board head told Reuters as the search officially got underway on Friday.

Cricket post 9/11

After the Twin Towers fell, international sport faced an unfamiliar world which sent Pakistan cricket into the wilderness but also kickstarted a rare good news story from embattled Afghanistan.

Rooney hattrick destroys Bolton

Wayne Rooney's second consecutive hattrick saw Manchester United reclaim top spot in the Premier League with a 5-0 demolition of Bolton, after losing it to Manchester City for just a few hours.

Dhoni still positive

India captain MS Dhoni insists his beleaguered side won't throw in the towel in their last two one-day matches against England after suffering a three-wicket defeat at The Oval.

Papia sprints into semis

Papia Rani qualified for the semifinals of the 100m sprint in the 4th Commonwealth Youth Games taking place in the Isle of Man, UK. Papia took 12.66 seconds to finish her sprint as she qualified for the semifinals, on the first day of the Games yesterday, said a press release from Bangladesh Olympic Association (BOA).

Marsh gets SLC offer

Geoff Marsh on Saturday confirmed an approach from Sri Lanka Cricket (SLC) about possibly becoming the new national coach.

Aguero buries Wigan

Sergio Aguero struck a hat-trick to shoot Manchester City to the top of the Premier League on Saturday as Arsenal scored their first win of the season against Swansea.

Wenger went thru' hell

Arsenal manager Arsene Wenger confessed that the last few traumatic weeks have been like living in hell.

Lazio new-boys shine

Champions AC Milan were held to a 2-2 draw by Lazio at the San Siro to kick off the new Serie A season on Friday following the player strike that postponed the original start two weeks ago.

Diego doesn't watch Argentina

Argentina legend Diego Maradona says he has never watched the national side since he was dismissed as coach last year, and has no desire to return to manage them.

Gattuso taken to hospital

Gennaro Gattuso was taken to hospital following a collision with AC Milan teammate Alessandro Nesta during Friday night's 2-2 draw with Lazio at the San Siro.

Tevez loses captaincy

Carlos Tevez's 'love-hate' relationship with Manchester City manager Roberto Mancini took another turn for the worse on Saturday as the Argentinian was permanently stripped of the captaincy.

Leverkusen in the goals

Bayer Leverkusen warmed up for Tuesday's Champions League trip to Chelsea with a 4-1 win at promoted Augsburg that leaves Robin Dutt's side provisionally top of the Bundesliga.

Business

Trade with India to get a boost

India-Bangladesh Chamber of Commerce and Industry (IBCCI) yesterday praised the visit of Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh as successful as both countries agreed to boost bilateral trade.

Dhaka's free access irks India's RMG makers

India's garment industry has taken a swipe at New Delhi for its decision to award duty-free market access to Dhaka's apparels, fearing the move would open floodgates to Bangladeshi merchandise.

NBR to take steps to create tax awareness

The National Board of Revenue (NBR) will come up with a 'tax dialogue forum' in a few days to create mass awareness among people about paying taxes, the chairman of the board said yesterday.

Rise of money through the ages

From ancient times to the 19th century, the people of Bengal have used the cowri (kori) as a medium of exchange.

G7 vows robust action to fix global economy

G7 rich nations vowed tough measures Friday to get the global economy back on track but were short on detail and admitted the problems were so complex that a unified response was impossible.

Stocks pass the week in red amid credit crunch

Stocks returned to the red with low turnover amid lower participation of institutional investors due to a credit crisis that dampened confidence in the market.

Ctg to showcase tourism prospects

Bangladesh Foundation for Tourism Development (BFTD) will celebrate World Tourism Day on September 27 in Chittagong.

DSE sits with top brokers today

Directors of Dhaka Stock Exchange (DSE) will sit with 30 top brokerage firms today to discuss the current situation in the stockmarket that is now facing volatility.

RMG delegation to visit India

A group of businessmen is going to India within one month to meet clothing retail chains in efforts to increase the export of apparel items to India, said a top official of India-Bangladesh Chamber of Commerce and India (IBCCI).

StanChart top official arrives today

Sumeet Singla, regional head of corporate affairs for Standard Chartered Bank, is scheduled to arrive in Dhaka today, the bank said in a statement.

China's August trade surplus tumbles to $17.8b

China's trade surplus contracted sharply to $17.8 billion in August, down from $31.5 billion in July, as imports rose to a new record high, according to official data released Saturday.

Be patient: Tripura CM

DS: At the last moment, the Teesta deal collapsed. What were the setbacks that led to the debacle?

Metropolitan

RDA demolishes 9 bldgs in Rajshahi

A joint team of Rajshahi Development Authority (RDA) and the district administration, in an eviction drive yesterday, demolished nine buildings on a piece of land acquired by the government near Rajshahi New Market.

Bidhan confesses link with SQ Chy

Arrested top criminal of the port city's Raozan upazila, Bidhan Barua, yesterday confessed to his political link with detained BNP leader Salahudin Quader Chowdhury.

Bangladeshi shot by Indian Khasias

A man was injured in the district yesterday as Khasias from India opened fire at him when he was bringing his cows back from near Protappur-Padua border.

Court sends three minors to juvenile dev centre

Three children landed in National Juvenile Development Centre in Gazipur yesterday after police produced them before a Juvenile Court in connection with looting 80 tola gold jewellery from a house in the city's Lalbagh area.

Former CJ showed lack of competence: SCBA chief

Supreme Court Bar Association (SCBA) President Khandker Mahbub Hossain yesterday brought allegation of misconduct against former chief justice ABM Khairul Haque for not yet publishing the full text of the Supreme Court verdict which nullified the caretaker government system.

Jubo Dal factions clash in N'ganj

Ten people were injured as Jatiyatabadi Jubo Dal factions clashed in Narayanganj yesterday in the DIT commercial area.

British national yet to be remanded

Police are yet to remand a British national arrested in Dhopadighirpar area of Sylhet city on September 6 on charge of alleged sexual abuse on a 15-year-old Bangladeshi boy for about a year.

'Reduce price of RU application forms'

Around 200 students of Rajshahi University (RU) under the banner of Chattra Union staged demonstrations on the campus yesterday protesting price hike of first year application forms of 2011-12 academic sessions.

Innocent WP man gets death sentence

Local ruling grand alliance leaders and freedom fighters at a press conference yesterday claimed that Ali Khawaza MA Mazid, awarded capital punishment in a murder case five years ago, is innocent.

Indian PM's visit fruitful

Awami League General Secretary Syed Ashraful Islam yesterday said the party does not see any mark of failure in the outcome of the Indian prime minister's recent visit to Bangladesh.

People to people contact a must for stronger ties with India: Quader

Awami League (AL) presidium member Obaidul Quader yesterday stressed the need for strengthening communication at individual level among people of Bangladesh and bordering states of India to strengthen bilateral relations between the two countries.

Workshop on banks' credit programmes begins

A five-day long workshop on credit programmes of public banks began at the Swanirvar Bangladesh office in the city yesterday.

Meghna fined Tk 30 lakh

The Department of Environment (DoE) yesterday fined Meghna Group of Industries Tk 30 lakh for filling lower areas of the Meghna riverbank in Narayanganj area without any authorisation.

Three teenage girls 'commit suicide'

Three teenage girls allegedly committed suicide in separate incidents at Mohammadpur, Kalabagan and Kafrul in the city respectively yesterday, police said.

NSU becomes champions

Speaker Abdul Hamid Advocate yesterday said the government comprises of the treasury bench and the opposition and if the government fails the opposition also has to share the responsibility.

No transit without Teesta treaty: Matia

Agriculture Minister Matia Chowdhury yesterday said there would be no transit deal with India without Teesta water sharing treaty.

Road crashes kill 2

Two people, including a minor girl, were killed in separate road accidents in Narayanganj and Satkhira yesterday.

Int'l support to ensure quality edn sought

Education Minister Nurul Islam Nahid yesterday sought international support to ensure quality of education in the country.

Take into account India's past role before signing treaty: Jamaat

Bangladesh Jamaat-e-Islami yesterday asked the government to take into account India's previous activities with Bangladesh prior to signing any new deal with it.

Moeen's teleconference Sept 13

Former army chief General Moeen U Ahmed will give his statement through a teleconference on September 13 on the clash between members of army and Dhaka University students on the campus in 2007.

DU social welfare instt renamed

Institute of Social Welfare and Research of University of Dhaka (DU) was renamed yesterday as the Institute of Social Work and Research.

Ruet reopens today

The classes of Rajshahi University of Engineering and Technology (Ruet) will resume today after a 45-day vacation.

2 JU students, 2 others arrested

Police arrested two students of Jahangirnagar University (JU) with two others for mugging and vandalising a furniture shop at Ashulia's Baipail area in the city at 9:00pm on Friday.

National

Ex-school committee chief locks school for failing to get re-elected

Students and teachers of Krishnapur High School in Sadullapur upazila could not enter the school on Thursday, the opening day after Ramadan and Eid holidays, as former president of the managing committee closed the main entrance.

Station besieged and trains halted demanding service

A few hundred people Friday besieged Bonarpara railway station and detained two passenger trains for three hours demanding immediate resumption of services two of trains on Bonarpara-Dinajpur and Bonarpara-Santaher routes.

Enclave people observe 'night without light'

People of the Indian enclaves' inside Bangladesh territory yesterday began their two-day 'Nishprodip Raat Japon' (spending night without lighting lamps) programme demanding early implementation of the enclave exchange deal between Bangladesh and India.

Women set example, build long bridge over river

Women of Nayani Bagdogra and Bagdogra villages of Domar upazila in Nilphamari district have set a laudable example by voluntarily constructing a 162-foot-long bamboo bridge over Chekadara River to relieve sufferings of people, especially hundreds of school going children.

Erosion devours 20 houses in a week

Erosion by the river Padma took a serious turn devouring about 20 dwelling houses at Naruhati and Singhanagar villages under Satbaria union in Sujanagar upazila within a week.

Woman murdered in bank storeroom

Police recovered the body of a woman from the storeroom of Uttara Bank branch at Basurhat municipal town in Companyganj upazila Friday night.

BSF hands over two Bangladeshi boys

Border Security Force (BSF) of India on Friday handed over to Border Guard Bangladesh (BGB) two Bangladeshi teenage boys who were trafficked to India four months ago.

2 housewives killed allegedly for dowry

Two housewives were tortured to death allegedly by husbands and in-laws for dowry in Joypurhat and Thakurgaon districts on Friday and Tuesday.

'Meet demands or face agitation'

Teachers of non-government schools and colleges here yesterday threatened agitation if their demands for nationalisation of jobs and resumption of time scale were not met by September 30.

Mystery shrouds death of college girl

Mystery shrouded death of a female college student at Purbapara of Banogram in Santhia upazila.

Two girls drown

Two girls, aged 10 and 9, drowned in a pond at Bonogram village in Boda upazila on Friday noon. The deceased were identified as Siddika Begum, 10, daughter of Jasimuddin of the village and her cousin Shimu Akhtar, 9, daughter of Samiruddin. Locals said both the girls along with other children went to take a bath at the local pond. At one stage, they fell in deep water and went missing. They did not know how to swim. Hearing the hue and cry of other children, local people after hectic search recovered their bodies from the pond. They were rushed to the Sadar Hospital where the attending doctors declared them dead.

Fish trader found dead

Decomposed body of a fish trader was recovered from Chitra River near Nehalpur village in Sadar upazila on Friday. The deceased was identified as Gurudas Burmon, 60, hailed from Chachra area of Jessore town. Local sources said, Khokon and Musrafil, sons of Hakim Mondol of Nehalpur village saw the body when they were cleaning the rotten jute in the river at about 7:30am. Later, they informed the police who recovered the body and sent it to hospital morgue for autopsy. Being informed, Bidhan, son of the deceased, identified the body and said that a gang of criminals abducted his father from Kotchandpur upazila of Jhenidah district on September 5 and demanded Tk 10 lakh as ransom. He suspected that the gang might have killed his father.

Schoolgirl raped

A 10-year-old girl and student of class-III at a local primary school was raped yesterday afternoon at Minmonchator village under Haripur upazila. Officer in-charge of Haripur police station Humayun Kabir told this correspondent over cell phone that the girl went to a nearby crop field to bring their goats at about 12:30pm. All of a sudden, Kuddus, 22, son of Md. Jasim of the same village came to the spot and forcibly took her to a jute field and raped her leaving her unconscious. When the girl regained consciousness, she came back home at about 2:30pm and told the incident to her mother. Hearing the matter, family members of the victim brought her to Haripur police station. Her father later filed a case with the police station accusing Kuddus.

Tobacco godown gutted

A big business establishment was gutted and properties worth about Tk 8 lakh were damaged in a devastating fire at Mirganj Chowdhury Bazar in Jaldhaka upazila on Friday night. Two persons were also injured when locals rushed to douse the fire. Fire service sources said, one Habibur Rahman of the area rented his big godown to 'Sonali Bidi Company' of Haragachh in Rangpur district. At about 9.00pm, a devastating fire engulfed the godown originating from an electric short circuit. He also informed that in that godown there were about 5,000 maund of dried tobacco.

11 hurt as villagers clash

At least 11 people were injured in a clash between two rival groups over stealing a boat at Raripara village in Sadar upazila on Friday. Police said someone lifted the boat of Jahangir Hossain two months ago and Jahangir suspected that it might have been done by the supporters of his rival Fazal Gazi of nearby Saburakandi village. Locals said, an altercation ensued between the supporters of Jahangir Hossain and Fazal Gazi on Friday evening over the matter. Later, both the groups equipped with lethal weapons attacked each other, leaving 11 people from both sides injured. Critically injured Jahangir Hossain, 35, Hafiz Uddin, 70, Nurul Islam, 25, Sumon Mia, 35, and Mohammad Mamun, 23, were rushed to the Munshiganj General Hospital.

International

Israeli embassy under attack in Cairo

Egypt was on a state of alert yesterday after protesters stormed the Israeli embassy, prompting the ambassador to flee, in the first attack of its kind since the two nations made peace 32 years ago.

India must boost counter-terror ops

Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh said yesterday that this week's attack in Delhi served to remind everyone that the country urgently needed to boost its intelligence gathering abilities.

Fierce clashes erupt for Gaddafi bastion

The deadline expired yesterday for forces loyal to ousted Libyan strongman Muammar Gaddafi to surrender, with fighters of the country's new leadership poised to attack hold-out strongholds.

G8 renew promises to help 'Arab Spring'

G8 finance ministers outlined plans yesterday to support the Arab Spring amid claims their previous promises to help the region's transition from dictatorship to democracy did not materialise.

Japan minister quits over gaffe

Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda's new government suffered a blow yesterday after just eight days in office when the trade minister resigned over gaffes on the sensitive topic of radiation from the tsunami-hit Fukushima plant.

Arab League rejects foreign interference

The Arab League rejects any foreign interference in Syria, the official news agency SANA said yesterday quoting the visiting organisation's chief.

163 dead as ferry capsizes in Zanzibar

At least 163 people died when a ferry capsized off the popular tourist archipelago of Zanzibar, but over 100 people are still missing, a minister said yesterday.

Afghan war 'stigma' on West: Taliban

The post-9/11 invasion of Afghanistan by the United States and its allies "will remain a permanent stigma on the face of Western democracy", the Taliban said yesterday.

Al-Qaeda behind New York threat

The US secretary of state warned on Friday that al-Qaeda is behind a credible threat to Americans in the run-up to the anniversary of 9/11.

Military action didn't 'radicalised' Muslims

Tony Blair denied that military intervention in the Middle East has radicalised Muslims and encouraged them to engage in acts of terrorism in an interview with Radio 4's Today programme.

Britain, US lost some 'moral authority'

Britain and the United States lost some of their moral authority through some of the measures they put in place after the September 11th attacks, Prime Minister David Cameron said Friday.

Mass grave unearthed in Iraq

Iraqi security forces on Friday found a mass grave in Dujail north of Baghdad that contained the bodies of 40 men who were killed during the past two years, police said.

Gaddafi was loved by his people

Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi said Friday that ousted Libyan leader Gaddafi was loved by his people and that the rebellion that toppled him was not a popular uprising.

Musharraf vows return to Pakistan

Former Pakis-tani President Gen Pervez Musharraf said on Fri-day that he is determined to return to Pakistan by March 2012, even if he is arrested.

15 more killed in Nigeria

Fresh overnight attacks killed at least 15 people in Nigeria, the latest in a wave of recent killings in an area beset by sectarian violence, a local government official said yesterday.

Arts & Entertainment

A montage of acts

The congregation of the theatre activists continued at Mahila Shamiti premises on September 9, as the last festival here before renovation rolled into its second day. Being weekend, the second day saw a good turnout, as Natok Shoroni (formerly Bailey Road) turned into a big adda joint for youngsters. People were chatting around Mahila Shamiti, perhaps the topic was the festival. Arranged by Bangladesh Group Theatre Federation, the five-day festival features highlights from 48 plays by troupes from and outside Dhaka.

Love, as sensed by Syed Shamsul Haq

Bengal Foundation hosted a solo recitation of poetry compilation by writer, novelist, playwright and poet Syed Shamsul Haq. Titled “Bhalobashar Podaboli”, the event was held at Bengal Shilpalaya, Dhanmondi, in the capital on September 9.

Brilliant literary nonsense

Bengali poet, storywriter and playwright Sukumar Ray (1887-1923) was perhaps the most famous practitioner of “literary nonsense” in the subcontinent. He is often compared to Lewis Carroll. His works such as the collection of poems “Abol Tabol”, novella “HaJaBaRaLa”, short story collection “Pagla Dashu” and play “Chalachittachanchari” are considered nonsense masterpieces equal in stature to “Alice in Wonderland”, and are regarded as some of the greatest treasures of Bangla literature. Close to a century after his death, Ray remains one of the most popular among children's writers in both Poschim Bongo (former West Bengal) and Bangladesh.

An unrecognisable Zahid Hasan

Any Bangladeshi who watches TV knows actor Zahid Hasan, but on September 9 the actor was seemingly unrecognisable.

“Bhanga Gora Natyatshab 2011”

Organiser: Bangladesh Group Theatre Federation

Potential aplenty

Children's theatre groups from Pabna and Natore who staged the plays "Bir Purush" and "Khelader Khobor" were adjudged first and second respectively in the two-day children's drama competition of Rajshahi division.

It's Toronto, it's the films, it's the big one

Is “Anonymous” this year's “The King's Speech”? Is George Clooney a show-off? Are documentaries back?

OP-ED

The partnerships we need

On this 10th anniversary of the terrorist attacks of September 11th, 2001, we remember that 9/11 was not only an attack on the United States, it was an attack on the world and on the humanity and hopes that we share.

9/11: Ten years after

On the 10th Anniversary of the 9/11 tragedy, it would be instructive to reflect on its disastrous impact upon the entire human family.

This Day In History

September 11

1965
Indo-Pakistani War: The Indian Army captures the town of Burki, just southeast of Lahore.

Aftermath of 9/11 . . .

Soon after the attack of September 11, 2001 on the United States one commentator said that in the future people would divide time as before and after 9/11. The comment was prescient. 9/11 has changed the world.

The world after 9/11

The al-Qaeda attacks on the US on September 11, 2001, what al-Qaeda calls the Manhattan raid, changed the course of global history in a morning. The decade that followed would see America engage in two costly wars abroad, change its national security structures profoundly, and pursue al-Qaeda around the world. The decade ahead also promises to be dangerous. Although wounded by the killing of founder Osama bin Laden, al-Qaeda is still an active global terror group with an ideology that has attracted a small but committed band of murderers. It aspires to change global history again by provoking more conflict and war to set the stage for its new caliphate. The strategy is insane, but al-Qaeda is determined to pursue it.

September 11 . . . in Santiago, in New York

History comes replete with tragedy. There is that darkness about it, that bizarre undertone, which envelopes it in its many dimensions and reminds us of the ugliness that some people have always descended to in their efforts to stymie the voices of other people. You tend to feel that Hobbes was right, that men are nasty, brutish, short. No matter how much you idealise men and consider humanity to be a sublime instance of Creation, there is something about human behaviour, indeed about human nature, which leaves you questioning the very principle on which life was shaped -- only to be destroyed in bits and pieces, through the sheer malignity of those uncomfortable with the worldview of others. Intolerance, then, has through the rough passages of time laid humanity low, at the many bends of the river.



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