The Daily Star

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Friday, December 19, 2014


News of: Saturday, 29th of October, 2011

Front Page

No army in NCC polls

The government did not deploy the army in Narayanganj city yesterday, ignoring the Election Commission's requirement of troops to maintain law and order during tomorrow's polls.

Voters, election officials worried

The news of the army not being deployed during the Narayanganj City Corporation polls triggered doubts among the voters yesterday about a free and fair election on October 30.

Candidates unhappy

The three frontrunners of the mayor's office in Narayanganj City Corporation polls were more-or-less unhappy yesterday with the army not being deployed on election duty.

Girls given equal rights to future British throne

Sons and daughters of any future UK monarch will have equal right to the throne, after Commonwealth leaders agreed to change succession laws.

PM slams Khaleda for supporting war criminals

Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina yesterday said it is unfortunate that opposition leader Khaleda Zia “stands against the trial of war criminals.”

Eid-ul-Azha on Nov 7

The holy Eid-ul-Azha will be observed across the country on November 7, as the new moon of the month of Zilhajj was sighted yesterday.

Home ministry asked to probe

The Election Commission yesterday asked the home ministry to look into Shamim Osman's claim that a terror attack was looming in Narayanganj.

Biman's flight delayed for altercation on plane

Departure of a Singapore-bound flight of Biman Bangladesh Airlines was delayed yesterday by 37 minutes at Shahjalal International Airport due to a chaotic incident on the plane over seating in business class of a member of the higher judiciary who had an economy class ticket.

Families unhappy at govt efforts

Families of the eight Bangladeshis beheaded in Saudi Arabia early this month have dismissed the government claim that it has done everything to save their lives.

Factories resume full production

Production in scores of factories in Kaliakoir-Mirzapur industrial area has returned to normalcy after the authorities started supplying gas through a new pipeline.

Use creativity, power of youth

Bangladesh must find ways to allow its young generation to come forward and take up the responsibility of solving various problems the country is facing, Nobel Peace Laureate Muhammad Yunus said yesterday.

Subsidy won't ensure energy security

Bangladesh may not achieve energy security by 2021 if the government continues to provide huge subsidies, a leading expert said yesterday.

JSC, JDC exams begin Tuesday

Junior School Certificate (JSC) and Junior Dakhil Certificate (JDC) examinations for eighth-graders will begin on Tuesday.

80 MPs have not submitted tax returns

Around 80 lawmakers have not yet submitted their income tax returns to the National Board of Revenue, though the last date for submission expired on October 16.

More time needed to reach a deal

Outgoing Indian High Commissioner Rajeet Mitter yesterday said more time is required to conclude the Teesta water sharing deal, as there are many factors involving the issue.

Hundreds call for Pakistan president to go

Hundreds of supporters of Pakistan's main opposition party started to gather for a protest rally yesterday, calling on President Asif Ali Zardari to step down.

Afghan interpreter killed in US base attack

An Afghan interpreter was killed and eight other people wounded in a Taliban attack on a US-run base in the southern Afghan city of Kandahar, Nato said yesterday.

Tepco asks for $13bn aid for Fukushima

Tokyo Electric Power Company (Tepco) yesterday asked Japan's government for a reported $13 billion to help pay compensation for the Fukushima nuclear disaster which was caused by a massive tsunami triggered by a 9.0 magnitude earthquake on March 11.

5.1b people lack social security

Two thirds of the world's population live without social security protection, according to a United Nations report released Thursday which prompted calls from key leaders for improved welfare.

Editorial

Poor attendance in JS sessions

The absence of ministers in the Jatiya Sangsad (JS) session drew flak from senior lawmakers at a JS sitting on Thursday. We couldn't agree more with those lawmakers for their being vocal on the issue. The ministers, if only for their portfolios, should be particularly attentive to their constitutional responsibility in attending JS sessions. As some senior lawmakers pointed out, they are rather more interested in attending to other businesses than keeping their presence in the JS.

Population count

According to the United Nations Population Fund (UNPFA), the population of Bangladesh is 15.05 crore. This figure conflicts with that of the fifth national census conducted three months ago, in which the population was said to have been 14.23 crore. The final report of the census, which will be published in May of 2012 will determine precisely the exact figure, according to the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS).

Sports

'My biggest match'

Bangladesh captain Mushfiqur Rahim would probably trade his record with the coin with his win/loss record with the team. The wicketkeeper has so far had a hundred percent success with the toss although that is no marker for whether he can pick the coin rightly again when the second and final Test match against the visiting West Indies gets underway at the Sher-e-Bangla National Stadium in Mirpur today.

Imrul backed by skipper

The difference between Imrul Kayes's ODI and Test average apart from his recent form in the longer version has been a worry for the Tigers.

Sammy plays it down

West Indies captain Darren Sammy has played down the importance of the second and final Test that begins at the Sher-e-Bangla National Stadium today.

Tough test for hosts

A disheartened Bangladesh team is looking forward to putting up a better performance against Saudi Arabia in their third Group A match of the AFC U-19 Championship Qualifiers at the Bangabandhu National Stadium today.

Bravo to lead Windies A

Dwayne Bravo will captain West Indies A against Bangladesh A in the first four-day game between the two sides from November 5 at North Sound. The 12-man squad for the game includes three players who are on development contracts from the WICB, and Andre Russell, who is on a Grade C contract.

Siddikur slides

Bangladesh golf star Siddikur Rahman dropped down to 39th position with a two-over-par second round at CIMB Asia Pacific Classic in the Malaysian capital of Kuala Lumpur yesterday.

School kabaddi finals today

The line-up of both boys' and girls' final in the Meizan National School Kabaddi Competition was finalised yesterday.

SL putting on a fight

Sri Lanka put on an improved batting display in their second innings as they began to eat into a big Pakistan lead in the second Test at Dubai Stadium here on Friday.

England seek revival

England are looking to end their dismal tour of India on a high note by winning Saturday's Twenty20 international in Kolkata to show they remain a major force in the shortest version of the game.

Ton relief for Azhar

Pakistan's fast-rising one-drop batsman Azhar Ali showed great delight and relief over scoring his maiden hundred in the second Test against Sri Lanka, a landmark that had eluded him for 14 matches.

Dhoni to be rested?

To play Mahendra Singh Dhoni or bench him? That will be one of the biggest questions facing the India selectors evening when they meet in Kolkata to pick the squad for the first Test against West Indies on Saturday. The other big question is likely to concern Harbhajan Singh, who was dropped from the five-match one-day series against England at home, which India won by an emphatic 5-0 scoreline.

Ashraf vows to restore image

Pakistan's new cricket chief said Friday his top priority will be to restore the country's reputation following a slew of damaging fixing allegations and discipline problems.

Swann threatened on twitter

England spinner Graeme Swann said Friday he had received death threats via Twitter following his team's 5-0 drubbing by India in the recent one-day series.

PDB keep winning

Power Development Board recorded their seventh victory in the National Bank Premier Division Volleyball League with a 3-1 win over Police SC at the Volleyball Stadium yesterday.

Islamists win Tunisia polls

The leader of the Islamist party, which won Tunisia's first free election, yesterday appealed for calm in the country where the "Arab Spring" began, accusing forces linked to the ousted president of fanning violence there.

Aus get a new chief selector

Former Test batsman John Inverarity was Friday handed the task of helping revive Australia's flagging Test fortunes after chief selector Andrew Hilditch lost his job following a sweeping review.

Tevez fine halved

Manchester City on Thursday reluctantly agreed to halve Carlos Tevez's fine after the Professional Footballers Association said it would not support the original four-week wages sanction in another twist to the bitter saga.

Real's lucky charm

Cristiano Ronaldo's 10 league goals may be the focus of Real Madrid's La Liga title challenge this season, but it's Brazilian superstar Kaka who is the team's lucky charm.

Everton bracing backlash

Everton manager David Moyes is bracing for a Manchester United backlash as the Premier League champions attempt to bounce back from their 6-1 derby humiliation against Manchester City.

Bastian set to return

German league leaders Bayern Munich expect to have vice-captain and Germany star Bastian Schweinsteiger back in their starting line-up when they host Nuremberg in the Bundesliga on Saturday.

Brazil recall Kaka

Real Madrid's Kaka is back in the Brazilian squad after coach Mano Menezes called him up Thursday for November friendlies against Gabon and Egypt.

No room for Tevez

Carlos Tevez, embroiled in a bitter row with his club Manchester City, is not included in the Argentina squad for next month's World Cup qualifiers against Bolivia and Colombia.

Safin targets parliament seat

Former world number one and double Grand Slam title winner Marat Safin on Thursday became the latest Russian tennis player to confirm he intends to run for his country's parliament.

Metropolitan

The Last Sarail?

My first sight of a Sarail hound takes my breath away. I am expecting just another dog, but what faces me is much more: a dog with healthy bits of cheetah and tiger rolled into it. Its sleek and powerful body, unusually thin hips, tiger-striped brindle, large chest, and taut white-tipped tail all radiate energy and remind me uncomfortably of a missile ready to launch. When I raise my camera, I do so very cautiously.

Councillor freed but 17 sent to jail

A female ward councillor of Chittagong City Corporation (CCC) and her husband, arrested on Thursday after a clash between her supporters and police, were released following an undertaking by a CCC panel mayor that day.

Five die in Chandpur road crash

Five people were killed in a road accident in Enayetpur Police Check-post area in Haziganj upazila yesterday.

Legal steps against Khaleda demanded

Leaders of Sammilita Sangskritik Jote at a protest rally yesterday demanded the government to take legal action against BNP Chairperson Khaleda Zia for commenting that the arrested Jamaat-e-Islami leaders did not commit any war crimes.

Criminals active in guise of law enforcers

A number of gangs disguised as law enforcers are committing crimes in the city ahead of Eid-ul-Azha, thanks to a lack of strong monitoring on shops which sell police uniform and equipment.

Worker electrocuted

A construction worker died and two coworkers suffered injuries after being electrocuted while working on top of a five-storied building at Tejgaon Industrial Area in the city yesterday.

Two 'commit suicide' in city

Two girls allegedly committed suicide in separate incidents in the city's Rampura and Pallabi yesterday.

Qamrul for easier Saarc visa

Visa processing should be easier among South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation countries, said State Minister for Law Qamrul Islam yesterday.

Root out poverty from S Asia: Hasina

Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina yesterday called for more concerted efforts by the South Asian nations to root out poverty from the region.

Long march starts

National Committee to Protect Oil, Gas, Mineral Resources, Power and Ports yesterday set off on their long-march programme in protest of the government's plan to extract gas from Sunetro Gas Field by a foreign company.

Sayedee freed on parole to join mother's janaza

Jamaat-e-Islami executive council member Delwar Hossain Sayedee, detained on charges of crimes against humanity, was freed on parole for half an hour yesterday to attend his mother's namaz-e-janaza.

English language fairs foster learning

The day-long English Language Fair, jointly organised by The Daily Star and Robi to improve the proficiency of secondary school students in English, was held at three schools of Barisal, Kishoreganj and Bogra yesterday.

Awareness on autism urged

Speakers at a discussion here yesterday stressed on disseminating basic information on autism so that the masses can have a proper concept and learn how to behave with autistic children. They called upon the government to take steps to educate parents and teachers dealing with autistic children and establish relevant institutes at district level.

Bribe sought from freedom fighter

The authorities concerned have allegedly dropped a freedom fighter from the list of freedom fighters' monthly allowance although he has freedom fighter's certificate issued after the liberation war.

Rajuk stops construction of welfare assoc office

Rajdhani Unnayan Kartripakkha (Rajuk) yesterday stopped the construction work of an office of Uttara Sector 3 Kallyan Samity following media reports.

Four houses gutted

A devastating fire gutted at least four houses in Badarganj upazila on Thursday.

Dhaka gets land for HC office in Canberra

Bangladesh has got a piece of land to set up its High Commission office in Canberra, the capital of Australia.

Huge current nets seized in Ctg

The coast guard members seized current nets worth about Tk 45.60 lakh from Sonadia area in Cox's Bazar on Thursday night.

Minor girl dies in fall

A 5-year-old died falling from the roof of an under-construction building at Gahira in the city's Raozan upazila yesterday.

Victory day debate contest begins

Cambrian University Victory Day Debate competition organised by private television ATN Bangla began at Basundhara city on Thursday, says a press release.

Housewife electrocuted in Ctg

A housewife was electrocuted at her house in the port city yesterday morning.

Drugs, liquors seized in Ctg

Rapid Action Battalion (Rab) members seized drugs and liquors worth more than Tk 3 lakh in different drives in the port city yesterday.

Outlaw leader held in Narail

An outlaw regional leader of Khulna was arrested in a drive at Bisali in Narail Sadar upazila yesterday.

Sirajul Islam passes away

Sirajul Islam Chowdhury, a veteran politician and close associate of Bangaban-dhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, died of a massive cardiac arrest yesterday morning at Apollo Hospitals. He was 78.

Death anniversary

Today is the sixth death anniversary of MM Rezaul Karim, diplomat, columnist, Rotarian and avid social worker.

International

Where the hammer fell hardest

Across Libya in recent days, people have been partying, crowds gathering in public places and everyone has been looking forward to building a new country after more than 40 years of stifling, dictatorial rule.

ICC in contact with Gaddafi's son

The International Criminal Court is in "informal contact" with slain Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi's fugitive son Seif al-Islam over his surrender, the court's prosecutor said yesterday.

S Arabia selects crown prince

Saudi Arabia's powerful interior minister, 78-year-old Prince Nayef bin Abdul Aziz, was named the new heir to the throne in a royal decree read out on state television Thursday.

Syria activists call for 'no-fly' zone

Syrian security forces killed at least 35 people yesterday as they pursued a crackdown on pro-democracy protesters after activists called for a no-fly zone to protect civilian andsoldiers deserting the army, a rights group said.

Pakistan fires nuke-capable missile

Pakistan said it had successfully test-fired a stealth cruise missile yesterday capable of carrying nuclear warheads.

US presses Pakistan on border fire

The United States on Thursday accused Pakistan of allowing insurgents to fire on US troops in Afghanistan as it renewed its call on the uneasy war partner to crack down on extremists.

Arts & Entertainment

Music in his Blood

Rathindranath Roy was one of the most prominent performers of the Shadhin Bangla Betar Kendra (SBBK). Roy joined SBBK in May during the Liberation War. Reminiscing on those days, he says, “There were very few facilities at the radio station located at 57/8, Ballygunge Circular Road, Calcutta (now Kolkata). Revealing the address to anyone was strictly prohibited at that time due to security concerns. It was quite challenging for the staff to carry out their work. We had our dining hall downstairs and the studio was not even soundproof. It was a one-channel machine with which we used to do all the recordings. Samar Das was the chief music director and producer of SBBK.

Abbasuddin birth anniversary celebrated

Cultural organisation Bhawaiya Angan arranged a musical programme and discussion to celebrate the 110th birth anniversary of legendary Bhawaiya artiste Abbasuddin Ahmed. The programme was held at the Shawkat Osman Auditorium, Central Public Library in Dhaka on October 27. Members of the organisation, as well as invited artistes, rendered timeless Bhawaiya songs popularised by Abbasuddin and others.

Rabindra Mela in Dinajpur

Marking the 150th birth anniversary [this year] of Nobel laureate poet Rabindranath Tagore, a four-day programme began here in Dinajpur last Thursday.

Ramproshadi songs at Shilpakala Academy

Bangladesh Sangeet Sangathan Samannay Parisad (BSSSP) arranged a musical programme featuring Ramproshadi Gaan at National Music and Dance Centre Auditorium of Bangladesh Shilpakala Academy on October 27. Artistes of the musical troupe Nibedan performed at the programme.

Golden jubilee of Jahangirnagar Theatre's "Ekti Nonfiction"

Jahangirnagar Theatre staged the 50th show of its much-acclaimed street play “Ekti Nonfiction”. The show was held on October 26 at Selim Al Deen Mukto Mancho on Jahangirnagar University (JU) campus.

"Slumdog Millionaire": Indian becomes real-life winner

A man from one of India's poorest states has become the first person to win a $1m jackpot on the Indian version of “Who Wants to be a Millionaire”.

Samuel L Jackson named highest-grossing actor of all time by Guinness

Samuel L. Jackson, who has grossed 7.42 billion dollars throughout his entire film career, has been declared as highest-grossing actor of all time by the Guinness Book of World Records.

OP-ED

Setting qualifications for Members of Parliament

Right-thinking citizens would perhaps agree that parliaments are solemn constitutional entities that are charged with onerous responsibilities of framing the law. In addition, parliament invariably exercises control over public finance. Thus the parliament, although a creature of the constitution, appears to be supreme. Whether or not in Bangladesh we have parliamentary supremacy may perhaps be debated. However, an issue that engages thinking minds is the aspect of qualifications of the members of the august institution of parliament.

At the end of tether

In the midst of L.K. Advani's rath yatra to polarise the country and the Telangana agitation to articulate local chauvinism, India is oblivious to the 'Occupy Wall Street' movement against capitalism which has given shape to what the West is today.

Fighting Inflation

The people of Bangladesh for the last 7 years have been inflicted by rising inflation. It is a major concern for a country like us where a large number of people hover around the poverty line. The government of Bangladesh is trying its best to address this issue. However, its contractionary monetary policy and expansionary fiscal policy have complicated the situation and made the possibility of getting out of it an elusive one.

Food security for Bangladesh

The alarm bell sounded by analysts in the Asian region to boost up agriculture in a bid to ensure food security during a summit convened by CPD in Dhaka must be taken as a wake up call for Bangladesh. The euphoria over the present food stock in the country may be short-lived unless the entire administration understands the enormity of the task or makes introspection as to why the country remained bogged down in abysmal poverty accentuated by production shortfall in agriculture over the years.

Hopes for Tunisian women

"When women thrive, all of society benefits and succeeding generations are given a better start in life."-----Kofi Annan, Former Secretary General of the United Nations.

Environment

Pollution poses serious threat to city dwellers

Dhaka is one of the worst polluted cities in the world. The air we breathe is mixed with smokes from thousands of vehicles moving on its roads. The amount of smoke emission could have been much lower if traffic jam could be eliminated. And no doubt the level of noise is much higher than the tolerable limit. Then not only smoke from cars is polluting the air, Methane, the natural gas being continuously discharged from thousands of kitchens is also adding to the city pollution.

Economic fixes should not worsen environmental crisis

Rescue responses that followed the financial crisis first surfacing in the northern hemisphere around 2006 before burgeoning into global crisis in 2008 were speedy, intense and even overwhelming. But the recovery is questionable because standard measures of economic performance fail to recognise accompanying environmental damages. Both the financial crisis and the environmental crisis have common drivers, many in the making over the past several decades.

Literature

Zen travel: Haunt of the Himalaya

'A scarf of pure white snow
Hangs down from its head to its feet,
Cascades like strings of pearls
Glisten on its breast,
A net of drizzling cloud
Encircles its waist like a grey woolen shawl:
An astounding sight, still and bright,
Our blessed Himalaya.'

Beyond dreams . . .

(Prelude: The piece was hand written in late 1982 and was thought to be lost. Recently I discovered the note book and I just tapped on the keyboard of my Dell laptop)

Star Health

Though preventable, stroke strikes 1 in 6

Stroke, a condition when blood supply to brain is disrupted or severely reduced, kills more people than those attributed to AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria put together. Every six seconds, someone somewhere will die of stroke. One in six people will have a stroke at sometime in their lives. But a very few people actually know how to prevent or recognise stroke at early stage and seek treatment in time.

Toxic effects of vitamin supplements

Many people believe that taking vitamin supplements daily will keep them healthy and provide them with strength. Many believe the more the better. Often, some people ask doctors to prescribe vitamin in addition to other medicine for weakness and to become fit. But evidence shows taking extra doses of vitamins can do more harm than good. Experts opined that vitamins are only needed when there is clear indication of deficiencies.

Prevent hypertension, prevent stroke

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is the single most important risk factor for stroke. Some 50 percent of strokes can be attributed to high blood pressure. The risk of stroke increases directly in proportion to blood pressure. Despite having this significant risk factor, many people become unaware of it as it is silent and the damage caused by hypertension happens over time. However, hypertension can be easily detected and is usually controllable with lifestyle measures (diet, physical activity and maintenance of a healthy weight) and medication.

Beware of added sugar

Too much sugar in the diet can contribute to tooth decay and unwanted pounds packed around your middle. Many foods have naturally occurring sugar, which is generally sufficient to ensure that your body has enough fuel. Consuming too much added sugar is what you should be concerned about, the American Academy of Family Physicians says.

Green vegetables improve immune defenses

Study published in the journal Cell, has found another good reason to eat your green vegetables, although it may or may not win any arguments with kids at the dinner table. It turns out that green vegetables are the source of a chemical signal that is important to a fully functioning immune system.

Study finds link between swine flu and stillbirth

Babies born to mothers who contracted the swine flu virus faced a much greater risk of being stillborn (the death of a baby before birth at or above 28 weeks of pregnancy), according to a new study by the National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit at the Oxford University. Baby deaths among women infected with the 2009 strain of the virus were five times higher than normal.

Strategic Issues

A regional cold war?

Somebody in Iran will have to pay the price," Saudi Prince Turki al-Faisal's phonation in response to alleged plot by Iranian officials to assassinate the Saudi ambassador in Washington is symptomatic to a growing regional cold war in Middle East. This cold war takes shape in a regional scale between two countries with asymmetric power in comparison to other Arab countries. The question of leadership which falls within the 'zero-sum' equilibrium in Middle East lies into the gravity of the tension.

Withdrawal of US troops from Iraq: A misguided war

On 21st October, President Barack Obama declared the last US troops would leave Iraq by the end of the year, signalling the official close to one of the longest, most politically contentious wars in his country's history and its attempt to democratise the Middle East with military might. Declaring the "tide of war is receding", Obama and other administration officials sought to portray the move as an honourable completion of a long and difficult mission, and part of a broader shift away from direct US military involvement not just in Iraq, but in Afghanistan and Libya as well. Barack Obama promised the remaining 40,000 US troops would be "home for the holidays", fulfilling a campaign pledge but also acceding to the reality of a depleted treasury and overwhelming US public opinion. It also reflected the political fact that Iraq demanded an end to the US presence.

Star Books Review

The wilderness of devalued values

“...the sanctity of the Dhaka University campus was inviolable in the fifties. No police, no political leader would dare violate its sanctity. What do we find today?” asks Mohammad Ameeruz Zaman in his compilation of mainly newspaper articles written by him mostly in the 1990s, In Quest of Fairness. He was at once lamenting the end of the innocence of idealism in student politics in the 1950s, and lambasting the degradation of what passed for (and even more emphatically passes for in the new millennium) student politics in the mid-1990s. It is also a sampling of the general tenor of the book, written by a one time high bureaucrat of Pakistan who also had a protracted stint in working for the United Nations. Nostalgia for the days of his formative years in the 1950s and the values and political idealism of the 50s and 60s seep through his writings again and again, as well as his despondency over what he views as alarming degradation of mores and traditions, which could lead one to mistake the author for a curmudgeon and an armchair idealist and fatalist. That assessment would be a mistake, though, since, even allowing for the expected changes in perspectives and ethos in a new generation, there have been unmistakable changes for the worse in certain core value areas from the 50s and 60s to the 90s and beyond, as Zaman brings up on a number of occasions.

The life and times of a writer

When a new fiction by Hasan Azizul Haque hits the market, it equally shakes up the literary scene in both parts of Bengal. A very few living writers, especially the breed devoted to literature and certainly not to churning out literary compositions that may sell well in the next book fair, have enjoyed such a feat. But when a collection of the same author's interviews comes out, the impact is yet to be weighed. However, given the enormous influence of his fiction and non-fiction that have over the past five decades formed a considerable body of canonical literature without ever sounding authoritative yet always encouraging later generations, it can fairly be assumed that his interviews will hold as much interest for the readers precisely because in them, as is indicated in the title, is revealed not only the workings of a great, creative mind; but also the variegated, multifarious experiences of a man's life, which are no less colourful than his stories. As overstated as the statement about Haque's canonical status may sound, its veracity is upheld by the interviewers themselves, some of whom have already secured a place in Bengali fiction such as Qayes Ahmed and Shahaduzzaman while others are promising writers; and a number of whose queries so vividly bring to light the enigmatic power of his language coupled with his unflagging commitment to a cause that has held sway over them. It is interesting to note that much like his life as well as his fiction that is set across the borders, the interviewers too come from both parts of Bengal.

In the circle of fire

Ahmed Sofa, one of the most distinct of intellectual voices in post-liberation Bangladesh, wrote several novels that have made a stir in the traditional intellectual environment of Bangladesh. He was the seer of his time. His writings widen the minds of his readers. His Alat-Chakra (The Circle of Fire) is such a novel It is not long but it holds the purana of war and love on its palm. This purana is composed against the backdrop of the liberation war of Bangladesh. Through depicting the lives of the refugees of Bangladesh in Kolkata, India, during 1971, it has portrayed the relationship between India and Bangladesh of that period and the mentality of the people of these two countries towards one another. The novel is in the first person narrative, told by Daniel, a personification of the author himself. It was first published in the Eid issue of Nipun, a Bengali weekly, in 1985. Then a new version was published in 1993.



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