News of: Wednesday, 14th of December, 2011
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A 10-kilometre oil slick was reported in the Bay off the district's Sitakunda upazila yesterday.
The government has yet to make any move to enact a law that would require formation of an independent search committee for appointing a new Election Commission after the tenure of the current EC expires in early February.
Elections to Dhaka south and north city corporations will be held under the next Election Commission to be constituted on expiry of the tenure of the incumbent EC, LGRD Minister Syed Ashraful Islam said yesterday.
The wounds remain as fresh as they were four decades ago. The memories of those done to death by the murder squads of the collaborators of the Pakistan occupation forces are, forty years on, as agonising as the moment when we first discovered that they had been abducted, that indeed they had been subjected to a macabre end by elements unwilling to have their masters from the west lose the war and that, having lost the war, were not willing to have the new nation of Bangladesh arise purposefully out of the ashes of what had turned out to be a tragic phase of history.
Kabir Chowdhury, a national professor who became the icon of anti-communalism through his decades-long active stance against the forces of evil and injustice, succumbed to a cardiac arrest yesterday.
The International Monetary Fund might ask the government to cut borrowing from banks and subsidy on energy to maintain budget discipline.
Instead of President Zillur Rahman, Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina will take salute at the Victory Day parade at the National Parade Square this year.
Islami Ain Bastobayon Committee Ameer Fazlul Haq Amini yesterday declared two state ministers and the director general of Islamic Foundation “murtad” (apostate) for what he said “criticising Islam”.
The Anti-Corruption Commission is likely to press charges against former prime minister Khaleda Zia and several others in Shaheed Zia Charitable Trust corruption case.
The International Crimes Tribunal will decide on December 26 whether it will accept the charges filed against former Jamaat-e-Islami chief Ghulam Azam.
The Sector Commanders Forum (SCF) yesterday demanded the government brings to book the persons opposing the ongoing trial of war criminals.
The International Crimes Tribunal yesterday once again called upon the journalists to publish and air accurate reports on trial proceedings.
Over 60 percent households of the country, including at least 10 million children, suffered from food insecurity last year, says a survey.
Incidents of extra-judicial killing and torture of innocent people by law enforcers are rampant in the country although Bangladesh has committed to the United Nations to stop such violation of human rights, a report says.
Had the then BDR officials acted on the rebels' leaflet distribution in Pilkhana, the February 25-26, 2009, mutiny would not have taken place, suggested a defence counsel during cross-examination yesterday.
Canada on Monday became the first country to formally withdraw from the Kyoto Protocol, saying the pact on cutting carbon emissions was preventing the world from effectively tackling climate change.
The Durban climate conference is not a total failure as it extended the Kyoto protocol to a second phase, said Environment and Forests Minister Hasan Mahmud.
The family members of Hasan Sayeed Sumon, who was found dead in the prison cell of BSMMU on December 12, attempted to file a case yesterday but the police refused to accept it.
Myanmar authorities yesterday gave Aung San Suu Kyi's opposition party the green light to rejoin mainstream politics, paving the way for the Nobel laureate to run for a seat in the new parliament.
It is almost a month since the prime minister met in an emergency meeting with all stock market stakeholders to think a way out to stymie the continuous plunge of the index. A week thereafter, a number of decisions were taken whereby it was thought that these would be able to stop the freefall. The market rose a little and then the downfall began again.
In the passing away of Professor Kabir Chowdhury, the nation has lost a leading light, who wielded considerable influence on the national thought process by his writings and spoken words. Living to the fullness of his life, he spent his waking hours productively, creatively and compassionately leaving a versatile legacy in scholarship, literary output including translation, and above all, as an articulate voice against orthodoxy and communalism in any shape or form.
With exactly two weeks left for cricket authorities in Bangladesh and Pakistan to reach a consensus on which board will select the ICC (International Cricket Council) vice-president candidate for 2012, the nod of approval from some of the game's bigwigs in this country gave former BCB president Saber Hossain Chowdhury a slight advantage.
The two-day inter-club players' transfer of Dhaka Premier League will kick off today at the Bangabandhu National Stadium with the main talking point surrounding the fate of Shakib Al Hasan and Tamim Iqbal whose move to a new club is still hanging in the balance.
Pakistan Cricket Board president Zaka Ashraf is due to arrive in the capital tomorrow.
Dhaka Metropolis rode on four half-centuries for a second innings revival against Sylhet on the third day of their National Cricket League second phase game at the Sylhet Divisional Stadium yesterday.
The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) has terminated its contract with Nimbus Communications, the rights holders for cricket in India, ESPNcricinfo understands from reports.
Paceman Rubel Hossain's shoulder injury suffered while fielding on the third day of the first Test match has not been cleared by the Tigers' medical staff.
Under fire coach Nikola Ilievski is planning for a monthlong vacation to native Macedonia. The 57-year old coach who oversaw Bangladesh's first round exit from the SAFF Championship recently, has asked for a leave of up to January 10 to Bangladesh Football Federation yesterday. He also submitted the report on the team's failure at the championship.
Mahendra Singh Dhoni, the India captain, has said how his team utilise their time in Australia in the lead-up to the first Test will determine the outcome of the series. "It depends on how we prepare ourselves during the 12 days before the Test match and how we adapt to the conditions," Dhoni said. "Most of the batsmen have played there before. We are hoping we will do well there."
Australia coach Mickey Arthur on Tuesday backed struggling senior batsmen Ricky Ponting and Michael Hussey to retain their team places for the Boxing Day Test with India in Melbourne.
Abahani, BKSP and Bangladesh Army kept their winning streak in the UCB Victory Day Hockey Competition at the Maulana Bhasani Hockey Stadium yesterday.
At least 90 physically handicapped, most of them mentally-challenged children took part in special games at Pabna Stadium where the Special Olympics Sub-Chapter of Pabna organised the first of such tournaments yesterday.
Chelsea inflicted a first league defeat of the season on Premier League leaders Manchester City after substitute Frank Lampard secured a 2-1 victory from the penalty spot at Stamford Bridge here on Monday.
Barcelona on Tuesday ended a brief break in Japan before their Club World Cup battle by meeting children evacuated from the region around the crippled Fukushima nuclear power plant.
Santos forward Neymar should not make his widely anticipated big-money move to Europe until after the World Cup in Brazil in 2014, his coach Muricy Ramalho said on Tuesday.
Juventus came from behind to draw 1-1 at Roma on Monday and return to the top of the Serie A table.
Citycell Federation Cup Basketball Competition begins at the Dhanmondi Basketball Gymnasium today with ten teams scheduled to participate. The ten teams, divided in two groups will compete in round robin format before the smifinals and final.
Two matches of the KFC Pizza Hut Victory Day Volleyball Tournament were decided on the opening day at the Dhaka Volleyball Stadium yesterday.
Grand Master Niaz Murshed, Grand Master Ziaur Rahman and Shafik Ahmed lead the Walton 37th National Chess Competition points table with maximum points after the end of the second round yesterday. The first GM of the country Niaz defeated Mehedi Hasan Porag while the highest rated player Zia beat Mahfuzur Rahman Emon at the Bangladesh Olympic Association media room yesterday. Shafik beat Monir Hossain to share the lead with the two GMs.
Thieves broke into India cricketer Harbhajan Singh's car while he had stopped by at a popular cafe near Karnal town Monday evening and took away his laptop and other belongings, police said.
Many of the country's garment factories are running below their capacity as they are receiving fewer export orders due to a volatile economic situation in the western markets, said a top apparel trade body yesterday.
As many as 1,491 directors of 200 listed companies have less than 2 percent stakes in their own firms. It means half of directors among all listed companies dumped a bulk of shares into the public market in the last couple of years.
The Dhaka bourse yesterday disagreed with a comment that the prime minister intervened in the troubled stockmarket for the failure of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the finance ministry to play their due roles.
The Dhaka Stock Exchange will cancel the membership licence of Dawn Securities on charges of swindling around Tk 10 crore out of its clients.
Media outlets should promote the good works of an organisation as the trend will benefit the society and encourage responsible business practices among corporate houses, said analysts yesterday.
A four-day real estate fair will kick off on Thursday to showcase different projects amid slack sales.
BM Container Depot Ltd yesterday opened its inland container depot (ICD), the country's second largest, in Chittagong.
India's largest state-owned power producer NTPC Ltd will provide operation and maintenance services to Electricity Generation Company of Bangladesh (EGCB) to run a 2x120 megawatt gas-based peaking power plant in Siddhirganj.
Stocks gained 4.39 yesterday, influenced by the mandatory buying of sponsors and directors into the market to meet regulatory requirements.
The recent crisis in the European Union is having a far-reaching impact, not just in Europe, but for the world in general, said Ambassador William Hanna yesterday.
Trade activities through Hili land port of Hakimpur upazila in Dinajpur came to a standstill yesterday due to an indefinite strike called by clearing and forwarding agents.
Emirates Airlines sees good business opportunities for the aviation sector in Bangladesh thanks to its widening middle class, increasing links with the global economy and a rising number of holiday travellers.
Ani Khondoker got back to his hotel in Cox's Bazar after a fun-filled afternoon on the beach, only to find that he has to climb the stairs up to his room on the fifth floor.
Different political, social and cultural organisations and individuals expressed deep shock at the death of eminent intellectual, writer and national professor Kabir Chowdhury.
Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina yesterday visited the residence of educationist and National Professor Kabir Chowdhury at city's Naya Paltan to pay her last tribute to him.
Speakers have lamented at a roundtable that the expectations for which the country was liberated in 1971 have not been fulfilled in 40 years due to political conflicts, military interventions, and patronisation of militancy and anti-liberation forces in politics.
The previous BNP-Jamaat alliance government had destroyed Bangladesh Television's (BTV) rare video footages on Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman's long democratic struggle against the Pakistani dictatorial rulers.
Three former Criminal Investigation Department (CID) officials and a Harkatul Jihad al Islami (Huji) leader yesterday appealed to a Dhaka court to discharge them from the August 21 grenade attack case.
The newly appointed Canadian High Commissioner in Dhaka Heather Cruden yesterday said that she would work for deepening and strengthening ties with Bangladesh focusing on development, trade and mutual interests.
Referring to a former Indian minister's proposal to grab Bangladeshi land, BNP acting Secretary General Mirza Fakhrul Islam Alamgir yesterday said it helps to understand the attitude of some Indian politicians about Bangladesh.
Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina yesterday said her government will not tolerate anything from within or outside the state that might harm the country.
Speakers at a discussion yesterday said BNP in connivance with Jamaat is plotting to protect those who were responsible for killing, rape, arson and looting during the War of Liberation in 1971.
Rajshahi University (RU) will recall today the sacrifices of three RU teachers who embraced martyrdom during the liberation war.
Two people were killed and another was injured in separate road accidents in Natore and Kurigram in last two days.
The High Court (HC) will deliver its verdict today on a petition filed by BNP Chairperson Khaleda Zia for scrapping the proceedings against her in the Zia Orphanage Trust corruption case.
Police recovered the decomposed body of an unidentified youth from a mess at Jahanara Garden in the city's Green Road yesterday evening.
Speakers at a programme yesterday said the war criminals should be tried immediately not to extract revenge, rather for providing justice to the family members of the martyrs during the War of Liberation in 1971.
A construction worker died while cleaning an underground septic tank at Aga Sadek Road in the capital's Bangshal yesterday.
Acid Survivors Foundation (ASF), an NGO, has been awarded the prestigious 2011 Human Rights Prize of the French government.
By-election to mayor of Narsingdi pourasava will be held on January 19.
Princess of Thailand Maha Chakri Sirindhorn yesterday made a courtesy call on Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina at her official residence Gono Bhaban.
BBC Janala, the multi platform English language learning initiative by the BBC World Service Trust, Bangladesh, has received two international awards in acknowledgement of its innovative initiative of using information and communication technology for development.
Chevron Bangladesh has donated 3,000 textbooks on petroleum and mining engineering to Jessore Science and Technology University recently.
Members of Bangladesh coast guard arrested a Myanmar citizen and seized illegal foreign wine, polythene bags and a wooden boat from his possession in the Naf river in Cox's Bazar on Monday night.
Speakers at a conference yesterday stressed the need for creating awareness among the people with disabilities about their rights.
A huge turnout marked the get-together of Old Faujians Association (OFA), an association of former students of Faujdarhat Cadet College in the city on Friday.
To work on public health situation all over the country 'NGO Forum for Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation' changed its name as 'NGO Forum for Public Health' yesterday.
Today is the 40th death anniversary of martyred Prof Giasuddin Ahmed of history department at Dhaka University, says a press release.
Today is the fourth death anniversary of Pramathesh Barua, former engineer of Chittagong City Corporation and father of Dwaipayan Barua, staff reporter of The Daily Star, Chittagong bureau office.
Three people died in last two days while at least 23 others are still in critical condition due to food poisoning after taking khichui at an Urs (religious congregation) in Saidpur upazila of Nilphamari district on Sunday morning.
Twenty-two killing grounds and mass graves in the district, bearing testimony to the barbaric massacres by the Pakistan occupation forces during the 1971 Liberation War, are now hardly recognisable to visitors as the authorities concerned have failed to take any initiative to preserve those.
A few local influential people illegally occupied the old Dinajpur Press Club building at Nimtola intersection in the town yesterday noon.
'Bahola tragedy day' was observed in Biral upazila of the district yesterday.
Moulvibazar District Bar Association has decided not to move any case in favour of thieves, robbers and other criminals for at least a month.
A 15-day-long Bijoy Mela (victory fair) began at the Manikganj Government Boys' playground, locally known as Bijoy Melar Math, yesterday afternoon.
A trader was murdered while an elderly man was beaten to death in the district on Sunday night.
A man was killed and 20 others were injured in a daylong clash between two groups of villagers at Madnadanga village in Sadar upazila of Meherpur district yesterday.
A passenger shade alongside Boda-Debigonj road in Shakowa Bus Stand area under Boda upazila of Panchagarh district was demolished allegedly by a local influential man, ignoring people's plea. Locals said Md Bulbul alias Bulbul Master of the area, bulldozed the shade claiming ownership of the land to build a market. Earlier, locals submitted a petition to Upazila Nirbahi Officer (UNO) Zohirul Islam in this regard on Saturday but to no effect. However, denying receiving the written complaint, the UNO said he was informed about the matter orally and referred it to secretary of Panchagarh Zila Parishad as it was the proper authority. Contacted, Secretary of the zila parishad Mahbub Ul Alam said their engineers visited the spot and were preparing to file a case. The shade was built in 1985.
Criminals stabbed a schoolteacher in Shankarpur area of the district town on Monday night. The Injured, Paritosh Chandra Roy, headmaster of Sarapor Primary School, was admitted to Jessore General Hospital. Police quoted locals as saying that a gang of three, riding a motorcycle attacked Paritosh, leaving him seriously injured.
Three thatched houses were gutted in a fire at Gazinagar village in Dakkhin Sunamganj upazila on Monday. Locals said the flame originated from a house in the afternoon and soon engulfed two other adjacent houses. Being informed, a fire fighting unit from Sunamganj Fire Station rushed to the spot and doused the blaze after an hour of frantic efforts. The affected house owners claimed the fire damaged the valuables worth about Tk 2 lakh.
A man allegedly committed suicide over a family dispute at Mendah Shahpara village in Bhangura pazila on Monday. The deceased is Sohel Rana, 27, son of late Hasem Ali Saha of the village. Family sources said Rana took poison following the feud and fainted. He was rushed to a local hospital where the doctors declared him dead.
We are shocked at the news that medical staff in an Indian hospital abandoned their patients and fled for safety as fire and smoke engulfed the building, leaving 73 people dead. Reportedly many of them died from smoke inhalation. We have learnt from the news reports that at the time of the blaze, there were 160 patients in the 190-bed hospital annex.
For some unknown reason we always fail to express our patriotism. The time has come and some of us are hoping to celebrate the coming Victory Day in a unique manner. I urge everyone, those who use Facebook, to change their profile pictures to our national flag, only till 16th December. Just imagine, the whole Facebook world will be adorned with green and red in our Victory Day! The freedom fighters did so much to earn us this flag, can't we even do this for them? This will be a unique expression of our patriotism and will also show the world what the martyrs did to earn us this motherland. I hope all the people who take pride in calling them Bangladeshi will do this.
Bangladesh really bowled and fielded well in the final One-Day match against Pakistan. They bowled out the strong visitors for 177 runs. Bangladesh team was in a commanding position, 74 for 1 wicket, and was about to win the match. But what went wrong? Why could not our boys continue their performance? They were bowled out for 119. All that was required then was patience and to flick the ball all around for singles or couple of runs to reach the small target of 177. What a shame!
Smog is spread over the city's sky like a canopy which is caused by severe air pollution; it is so thick that it seems we can almost touch it. As no steps are being taken, the pollution is increasing day by day posing a threat to healthy living. Already a great number of people are suffering from a host of serious diseases related to air pollution. We are feeling deeply upset because if the matter does not get its due importance, we will be doomed, our nation will become a sick one with no future.
An astonishing and ridiculous movement has been going on in Jahangirnagar University. The officers and staff who have arranged this movement are demanding admission opportunity for their children under Possho (dependant) quota.
The other day my father-in-law told me something which I could not decipher logically. Someone got him some cauliflowers from Bogra, and the price was more amazing than the taste.
Corruption has become a buzzword in Bangladesh. It is a curse to the nation. In a corrupt society, people's lives are miserable because everywhere corruption gives rise to exploitation. If we fail to curb corruption right now, our next generation will experience a dark future. We don't want that corruption should control our lives; we want a life with dignity.
After long twelve years, the Bangladesh team got an opportunity to beat Pakistan team in One Day cricket again. But our team failed to utilise its home ground advantage. It could have been a morale booster victory for Bangladesh team ahead of much important test series. We witnessed, much to our agony, irresponsible, pointless and reckless batting display by the Bangladeshi batsmen. The way our team lost the wickets made us frustrated. The dew factor was working in favour of Bangladeshi batsmen and Pakistani bowlers had no clue how Shahriar Nafees and Mahmudullah were batting. Pakistan was losing its grip on the match and then suddenly our batsmen started to lose their concentration. It was a match which can be tagged as “how to lose a winning match”!
Father is always one. But we are going to have two city 'fathers' of our capital city Dhaka, thanks to the epoch-making 'research' conducted by our talented 'genetic engineers' at the top!
The Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has complained against some members of the civil society. To some extent I support her. The members of this group are intellectuals, former high ranking officials, veteran politicians, retired army officers, economists, philosophers, professors, eminent lawyers and so on. They are of course respectable persons of society. But they hold certain political beliefs and so they are not fully neutral. About a month ago, I wrote a letter in the DS titled "All are not wrong." Many of the civil society members do not see any positive side of the government actions. They find everything wrong. They never give any hope to the citizens, they only spread frustration among people. Every government has some successes and failures, but the civil society members only see the failures. Instead of giving people hope, they confuse them. Most people expect them to be neutral.
Here are some comments that came in response to Sunday's The Daily Star news report headlined “Ghulam faces 52 charges”.
The Palestinian flag was raised for the first time yesterday above a UN agency, the Unesco headquarters in Paris, in a diplomatic victory won despite stiff resistance from the US and Israel.
Security forces shot dead 17 people in Syria yesterday and rebels killed seven police in an ambush, activists said, after the UN human rights chief put the death toll from nine months of protest against President Bashar al-Assad at 5,000.
Prime Minister Vladimir Putin's spokesman said Monday the results of Russia's contested parliamentary polls will stand despite a wave of street protests and a probe by the election authorities.
The most coveted prize in particle physics - the Higgs boson - may have been glimpsed, said researchers reporting at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in Geneva yesterday.
A US drone captured by Iran is now the property of the Islamic republic, Defence Minister Ahmad Vahidi said yesterday, dismissing a request by US President Barack Obama for its return.
The French president has said that there are now clearly "two Europes", following last week's summit in which the UK vetoed EU treaty changes.
Pakistan is considering charging millions of dollars in annual taxes on Nato trucks and fuel tankers, officials told the BBC on Monday.
A Saudi woman was beheaded Monday after being convicted of practising sorcery the interior ministry said.
Laid-off workers complaining about unpaid wages disrupted a speech by Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad on Monday by shouting and throwing objects including shoes, news websites and an agency reported.
US "occupy" protesters claimed victory Monday in blockading ports along the West Coast and shutting down a major trade cargo hub in a new front on the anti-capitalist campaign.
Clashes erupted between former rebel fighters that toppled Gaddafi and a tribe seen as loyal to the fallen regime, killing four people, sources said on Monday.
Tunisia's opposition Moncef Marzouki yesterday was sworn in as the country's first elected president since the north African nation's revolution sparked the Arab Spring.
A lone gunman armed with grenades opened fire on a square packed with children and Christmas shoppers in the eastern Belgian city of Liege yesterday, killing three people and wounding 75.
Authorities in eastern China said yesterday 15 primary school children were killed when the bus they were travelling in rolled into a river, in the latest fatal accident involving students.
The US security firm Blackwater at the centre of allegations that its guards killed civilians in Iraq is changing its name once more.
Arts & Entertainment
The Pakistani army wanted me to sign a statement that said the situation of the then East Pakistan was calm and no genocide was taking place here. Sufia Kamal and I refused to sign that statement although our lives were on the line. They [Pakistani occupation forces] then printed a statement putting our names on it but without our signatures.
Eminent educationist and litterateur Kabir Chowdhury died of cardiac arrest yesterday at his residence in Naya Paltan, Dhaka. He was 89.
People of the Garo community, one of the major ethnic groups of the country, celebrated their biggest festival 'Wanna' (harvest) at Askipara, under Haluaghat upazila.
Commemorating the 86th birth anniversary of master filmmaker Ritwik Kumar Ghatak, a three-day programme was held recently in Rajshahi. The programme, organised by Ritwik Ghatak Film Society, was held at the Rajshahi Homeopathic Medical College in Ghoramara.
A cultural programme marking December 10 as 'Narail Mukto Dibosh' (Narail Free Day) was held at Narail Shilpakala Academy premises.
Celebrating the 40th anniversary of independence, a seven-day long theatre festival began in Dinajpur last Friday evening. The Deputy Commissioner's Office has assisted in organising the festival.
On the eve of their unconditional surrender to the Bangladesh-India Joint Command on December 16, the Pakistani army with their local collaborators, brutally killed hundreds of leading intellectuals of the country, as part of a master plan to academically cripple the soon to be liberated nation. Every year the nation mourns December 14 as the Martyred Intellectuals Day. Streams of people will visit the Martyred Intellectuals Monument at Rayer Bazar today. According to Banglapedia, the dead intellectuals include an estimated 991 teachers, 13 journalists, 49 physicians, 42 lawyers, and 16 writers, artists and engineers. Their sacrifice, and the reason for the sacrifice, has made them immortals. The nation's freedom was born through their collective sacrifice. An installation depicting the brutality was held at the Shilpakala Academy premises as part of their month long victory day celebrations.
Eminent dancer and choreographer Shamim Ara Nipa and Shibli Mohammad will wing there way to attend the Bangladesh Cultural Festival in Calgary, Canada to be held on 23rd and 24th December at Hayatt Regency Hotel. Noted singers Sabina Yasmeen, Andrew Kishor, Hasan Abidur Reza Jewel and several other singers will also participate in the festival.
The US box office has suffered its lowest takings in three years, despite the pulling power of romantic comedy New Year's Eve's all-star cast.
Back in the mid-1970s, Greek tragedy -- of Aeschylus, Euripides, Sophocles -- came alive for us at the English Department of Dhaka University. And it did so because Professor Kabir Chowdhury was there to enlighten us on the subject. The theme of tragedy as it had come to be shaped in ancient Greece, as indeed it would someday percolate down to the world of Shakespeare, was what Professor Chowdhury educated us on.
Hardly a day goes by without news of yet another economic problem facing China. A frothy real estate market. Quickly rising wages. A weakening manufacturing sector. Tightening lending standards. The list can seem endless and frightening.
The two-week long UN Conference on Climate Change at Durban (South Africa) was attended by194 countries. The chairperson was South Africa's Minister for Foreign Affairs Ms. Maite Nkoana-Mashabane.
The stock market in Bangladesh is at a primeval stage of development. The fundamentals are very flimsy and fragile. The Dhaka Stock Exchange (DSE) experienced massive price volatility in November. It saw both sides of the coin within two trading days! Although investing in the stock market is risky, people invested for the future because of their exuberance. As more people invested in the stock market, stock prices began to rise.
The most important outcome of education is, of course, to teach someone to think independently and out of the box. Some questions can be raised as to the effectiveness of education in introducing such changes in a person. How certain are we be about the role of education in making this happen?
Advocates of Liberalism in Russia rise up against Tsar Nicholas I and are put down in the Decembrist Revolt in St. Petersburg.