The Daily Star

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Sunday, December 21, 2014


News of: Saturday, 2nd of June, 2012

Front Page

Yet another fatal crash

Eight people, including seven of a family, were killed in a head-on collision between a bus and a microbus at Dulahazara of Cox's Bazar yesterday, two days after a similar accident claimed 12 lives, including nine of a family, in Keraniganj near Dhaka.

Danger lurks on highways

Narrow highways, lack of road dividers on accident-prone stretches, faulty road markings and, above all, reckless driving continues to take lives on highways of the country, experts said.

Muhith suggests slashing ADP

The National Economic Council has decided to form a high-powered committee to slash the number of projects in the Annual Development Programme.

BNP waits for dialogue offer

With only eight days left to an opposition ultimatum over restoration of the caretaker government system, BNP and its allies now plan to declare a modest course of agitation if the government hints at talks.

Fishes spawn in Halda amid rain

Hundreds of spawn collectors with their boats and nets started collecting released eggs of indigenous species of carps from the Halda river in Chittagong for the second time this year, ignoring incessant shower yesterday morning.

Outsourcing firm faces wrath of members

A few hundred registered members of an outsourcing firm vandalised the company office at Kalabagan in the capital yesterday following rumours of its owners fleeing with their registration fees.

US naval base in Chittagong?

The United Sates wants to park its seventh fleet in Bangladesh for its strategic interests, says Times Now, a Mumbai-based 24-hour English news channel.

Nishat, Mohit accorded reception

Nishat Majumder and her fellow mountaineer MA Mohit were accorded a reception at Kathmandu yesterday for their successful ascent of Mount Everest.

TIB chief sees signs of instability

TIB Chairperson Sultana Kamal has said she finds signs of instability in the country.

4 arrested, case filed

Two days after the brutal murder of Mamun Bhuiyan in police custody in Gazipur, a case has been filed in this connection Thursday night.

Shahara regrets cop action on journalists

Home Minister Shahara Khatun yesterday regretted the recent incidents of police assault on journalists.

Police have become impatient

Minister without portfolio Suranjit Sengupta yesterday criticised police for becoming aggressive towards journalists and held weak democracy accountable for it.

Drug peddlers kill protester

A youth was hacked to death allegedly by a gang of drug peddlers for protesting illegal drugs selling in Machhimpur area under Rupganj upazila in Narayanganj early yesterday.

Dues pile up in Ctg

The Power Development Board (PDB) in Chittagong zone has been struggling to collect dues from different government offices which have not been paying electric bills for years.

Ehsan reaches grand finale

Ehsan Rezwan, a class X student of Cantonment English School & College (Chittagong), became the second speller to reach the grand finale of The Daily Star Spelling Bee.

Clash of the titans

Our galaxy is on a collision course with its nearest neighbour, Andromeda, and the head-on crash is expected in four billion years, the US space agency Nasa said on Thursday.

Syria on brink of civil war

Syria is nearing full-blown sectarian civil war that would be catastrophic for the entire Middle East, Western nations said yesterday, urging Russia to end its support for President Bashar al-Assad and put pressure on him to stop the bloodshed.

Youth held with fake medicine

Rapid Action Battalion members detained a youth on charge of selling fake medicines in Chittagong on Thursday.

BCL leader shot dead in Comilla

A Chhatra League leader of Comilla Polytechnic Institute was shot and stabbed to death by his rival faction at Balarampur in Sadar Dakkhin upazila on Thursday night.

Another excuse for eating chocolate

Lovers of dark chocolate have known for some time that their favourite treat can help protect them against high blood pressure and cut the risk of diabetes.

Myanmar president postpones Thai visit

Myanmar's president has postponed a state visit to Thailand, an official statement said late yesterday, the second rescheduling of the trip within a week.

Pakistan allows US liaison officers

The United States said Thursday that Pakistan has let back in two officers to work with its military after a six-month gap, in what it called a small sign of cooperation after soaring tensions.

NOTICE

We will bring out a four-page colour supplement on The Daily Star-DHL Bangladesh Business Awards 2011 tomorrow. Watch out for your copy.

Editorial

Legalising black money

The debate over allowing or disallowing of whitening of undisclosed sums of money is a strong one. The proposed provision for legalising moneys that is off the books envisages a payment of a flat penalty @10 percent. This facility of making black money white is likely to take effect in the next fiscal despite strong reservations of the various bodies representing the business community. The reasons for such opposition are obvious.

Aspirant workers deported from Libya

Hundreds of Bangladeshi workers seeking entry into Libya are either being detained on arrival at the airport or sent back. In-between a trickle is being left off the hook. The reason for such actions on the part of the Libyan authorities is alleged traveling by workers with fake visa. Obviously, so many aspirant workers would not have undertaken the journey on the basis of fraudulent papers either, knowingly or unknowingly. Imagine, their plight and hardship in confinement and then to be unceremoniously herded on to the plane back home!

Sports

Sk Jamal down Mohammedan

Holders Sheikh Jamal Dhanmondi Club brought down high-flying Mohammedan with a 4-2 defeat in their Grameenphone Bangladesh Premier League encounter at the Bangabandhu National Stadium yesterday.

Bolt sparkles in Rome

Usain Bolt proved his slowest run in three years a week ago was nothing but a blip as he was back to his best at the Diamond League meeting here on Thursday.

Season that had it all for Ziaur

It was the Chittagong Kings' fourth game in the Bangladesh Premier League and in their pursuit of a 153-run chase, they lost the form opener Nasir Jamshed in the fifth over. The commentators had a shockingly tough time pronouncing the next man's name as he walked in steadily from the dugout.

ICC retains D/L, DRS

The ICC Cricket Committee has decided to keep the controversial Duckworth Lewis method for calculating one-day targets when weather intervenes while making minor changes in other areas of the game, the sport's governing body said on Friday.

Abahani's winning start

Abahani made a flying start in the Club Cup Hockey Competition beating Wari Club by 4-0 at the Maulana Bhasani National Hockey Stadium yesterday. Abahani's three national team players Iqbal Nadir Prince, Hossain Zubayer Niloy and Puskor Khisha Mimo scored the four goals. Prince opened the scoring with a field goal 17th minute. The Sky Blues scored three more in the second half Niloy scored in the 56th minute from a penlty corner before Mimo scored two 57th and 63rd minute to complete a convincing victory.

All in the hype

ESPN cricinfo experts who selected All-time World 11: Intikhab Alam, Ali Bacher, Ian Chappell, David Frith, Tony Greig, Ramachandra Guha, Gideon Haigh, Clive Lloyd, Duleep Mendis, Peter Roebuck, Ajit Wadekar and John Wright.


SL crush Pakistan

A superb bowling performance from Sri Lanka saw them coast to a 37 run victory over Pakistan in a low scoring first T20 international at Hambantota on Friday.

Tsonga, Berdych in last 16

Jo-Wilfried Tsonga did his part to keep alive home hopes of a first men's champion at Roland Garros since 1983 when he swept past colourful Italian Fabio Fognini to reach the French Open last 16 on Friday.

1st Test in Trent Bridge

England will begin their 2013 defence of the Ashes with back-to-back Tests at Trent Bridge and Lord's in July, while Australia will play a first Test at Durham's Chester-le-Street ground in the fourth match of the series. The ECB has announced the schedules for Australia's tour next year, as well as the visit of New Zealand earlier in the summer and the itinerary for the ICC Champions Trophy.

Pybus to arrive today

The newly-appointed Richard Pybus will arrive today to take charge of the Bangladesh national team for next two years as a head coach.

Gregarious dominant

The Gregarious had a comfortable 102-40 point victory over Mohammadpur Basketball Club in the Citycell Premier Division Basketball League at the Dhanmondi Basketball Gymnasium yesterday. The Gregarious almost ensured their victory by the end of the first half as they led by 46-17 points. For The Gregarious, Mithun (27 points) and Shoaib (16 points) and for Mohammadpur, Jaymul (10 points) and Jajib (9 points) were the top scorers.

Champions Trophy final in Edgbaston

England will host the 2013 ICC Champions Trophy in Cardiff, at Edgbaston and at The Oval from June 6 to 23, the ECB has confirmed. Edgbaston will host the final of the tournament, which will be the last time it is played as the ICC moves towards having one championship for each of the game's three formats from 2015.

France on track

France got their Euro preparations back on track with a convincing 2-0 victory over Serbia here on Thursday.

Prandelli ready to pull Italy out

Cesare Prandelli says he would have no problem pulling Italy out of the European Championships, which start in a week's time, if that decision was taken to avoid tarnishing the image of the game.

Looking to make history

Spain head to Euro 2012 looking to make history but their bid for a third consecutive major tournament triumph could be hit by fatigue, with top players feeling the effects of several years competing at the highest level.

Germany rebound

Germany laboured to a 2-0 friendly win over minnows Israel on Thursday to pick up their first victory in three games and boost flagging confidence ahead of their Euro 2012 campaign.

Atalanta hit with new penalty

Atalanta have been hit with a new two-point penalty for next season for their role in the ongoing sports-betting, match-fixing scandal known as Calcioscommesse.

R'dinho sues Flamengo

Ronaldinho's stint with Brazil's most popular club is over after the player decided to sue Flamengo for reportedly $20 million for unpaid salaries and delayed payments.

L'pool appoint Rodgers

Brendan Rodgers said he aimed to bring the glory days back to Liverpool after being appointed the new manager of the former kings of Engish football on Friday. The 39-year-old Northern Irishman succeeds Anfield great Kenny Dalglish, who was sacked last month after his second spell in charge ended with Liverpool finishing the season a massive 37 points behind Manchester City.

Lampard ruled out of Euros

England midfielder Frank Lampard has been ruled out of Euro 2012 after a scan on the thigh injury he suffered in training.

Metropolitan

The Art of Framing

I met Md. Jahangir Husain two years ago when I needed to frame my photographs. I had been searching fruitlessly for a good framemaker when a friend referred him. I walked into Jahangir Frame Ghor and found myself surrounded by stacks of photographs being matted, mounted and framed. Hanging on the walls were photos in sample frames. He did my job well and I have been a regular customer since.

Bomb attack on Jubo Dal office

Three leaders of the district unit Jatiyatabadi Jubo Dal and Jatiyatabadi Chhatra Dal (JCD) were injured in a attack by the supporters of the rival group yesterday over formation of new convening committee of Jubo Dal.

77pc elderly slum people face health problems: Study

When their wearied bodies demand rest and care, elderly people in the country's urban slums are instead condemned to toiling in their closing days if they are to eat and survive the day.

Himu's killers still at large, 'threat' family

Fear and grief clouds over Himu's family members as eight days have passed into his death and yet police cannot arrest or even trace out his killers in the port city.

Port city dwellers cool off in overnight rain

A fortnight of suffering in the sweltering heat seemingly ceased as it began drizzling Thursday evening. Soon the light falls turned to heavy shower, bringing some respite to the city people from the extreme of the pre-monsoon temperature.

Moudud asks Shahara to quit

BNP standing committee member Moudud Ahmed yesterday demanded resignation of Home Minister Shahara Khatun and blamed her inexperience for the recent "actions" of policemen.

Join JS budget session

Former adviser to a caretaker government Dr Akbar Ali Khan yesterday requested the main opposition to join the budget session in parliament saying it is the moral responsibility of the opposition to inform the people about the flaws in the budget.

Join JS budget session

Former adviser to a caretaker government Dr Akbar Ali Khan yesterday requested the main opposition to join the budget session in parliament saying it is the moral responsibility of the opposition to inform the people about the flaws in the budget.

Very limited impact on people: Experts

Although seven years have passed since the enactment of tobacco control act, it has very limited impact on the people's lives and lifestyles due to severe loopholes in it, said speakers at a press conference yesterday.

Balance power between president, prime minister

Speakers at a discussion yesterday stressed the need for strengthening the local government bodies to resolve the problems of people.

Brac now in Philippines

Brac launched its operation in the Philippines yesterday setting a lofty goal of bringing the light of education in the troubled region of Muslim Mindanao, said a press release.

Sit for dialogue

Noted Jurist Rafique-ul Huq yesterday urged the two top political party chiefs to sit for dialogue to resolve the ongoing political instability of the country.

Schoolboy killed after abduction

Criminals abducted a schoolboy and strangled at Halsa village in Sadar upazila on Thursday midnight.

Four Jamaat leaders held

Four upazila unit senior leaders of Bangladesh Jamaat-e-Islami, including mayor of Birganj municipality, were arrested from its office in the upazila headquarters yesterday.

Dipu talks on security issues

Foreign Minister Dipu Moni now in Singapore to attend the 11th IISS Asia Security Summit known as the Shangri-La Dialogue yesterday held bilateral talk with Singapore Defence Minister Dr Ng Eng Hen.

2 die in road crashes

Two people died in road accidents in Khilkhet and Rupnagar areas of the capital yesterday morning.

Vitamin A plus national campaign begins today

The national Vitamin A plus campaign will be observed across the country today to prevent childhood blindness, reducing child mortality and strengthening immunity.

Govt not upset about Teesta deal

Prime Minister's foreign affairs adviser Dr Gowhar Rizvi yesterday said the government was not upset about the fate of the proposed deal on sharing the Teesta waters with India but it depend on the upper riparian country when the deal would be inked.

Housewife electrocuted

A housewife was electrocuted at her residence at Bandar in the port city yesterday.

144 imposed on rally at Dhunat

The district administration has imposed the Section 144 restricting public rally at Dhunat upazila headquarters from 6:00am to 8:00pm today in apprehension of maintaining law and order situation in the area.

Free diabetic test camp

A daylong diabetic camp was organised in Shatkhira yesterday offering free diagnosis for the disease to more than 300 people.

Two Tahrir men arrested

Police arrested two members of banned outfit Hizb-ut-Tahrir at Fulbari village in Nachole upazila on Thursday evening and a court sent them to jail yesterday.

Boy dies in Ctg fire

A boy was killed in a fire incident in the port city yesterday.

Man dies from bee bites

A man died after being bitten by a swarm of bees at Bagdanga village in Monirampur upazila yesterday.

1,600 Yaba tablets seized

Rapid Action Battalion men here yesterday seized 1,600 pieces of Yaba tablets worth Tk 6.40 lakh and arrested one person in this connection.

Indian cloths, drugs seized

Border Guard Bangladesh (BGB) personnel seized Indian medicines, fabrics and clothes worth around Tk 20 lakh at Atroshia village in Shibganj upazila early hours of yesterday.

Nephew kills aunt

A nephew hacked his maternal aunt to death at Nadpara village in Shailakupa upazila early hours of yesterday.

Death anniversary

Today is the 16th death anniversary of former lawmaker and local Awami League leader, advocate Dabir Uddin Ahmed.

Abdul Mannan

Today is the eighth death anniversary of Abdul Mannan, father of Shamsul Hoque, assistant director (admin) of Bangladesh Rice Research Institute (BRRI).

International

Compromise profit, help Myanmar

Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi yesterday urged foreign firms to invest cautiously in fast-changing Myanmar and give priority to creating jobs as much as making profits to help defuse the "time bomb" that is the country's high unemployment rate.

Prince Charles tells tales of 'Mama'

The Prince of Wales has paid tribute to "my Mama", sharing his childhood memories of the Queen and dusting off home movies in a personal appreciation, which was broadcasted yesterday.

US base attack kills 14 in Afghanistan

A suicide truck bomber attacked a US-run base yesterday, sparking clashes that killed up to 14 people in eastern Afghanistan near the Pakistani border, officials said.

Bill Clinton predicts strong Obama win

Former US president Bill Clinton said Thursday he thought that fellow Democrat Barack Obama would be easily re-elected to the White House, even though polls currently show a close race.

Greek leftist vows to scrap bailout

Greece's radical leftist party Syriza, likely to win crucial June 17 elections, vowed yesterday to scrap an international bailout, freeze loan payments and reverse austerity reforms including privatization amid rising fears.

Obama stepped up cyberattacks on Iran

US President Barack Obama accelerated cyberattacks on Iran's nuclear program and expanded the assault even after the Stuxnet virus accidentally escaped in 2010, the New York Times reported yesterday.

Egypt ends state of emergency

Egypt's decades-old state of emergency came to an end on Thursday as its last renewal expired, the ruling military said, vowing to continue to "protect" the nation.

Ireland backs EU fiscal pact

Ireland has voted with a large majority to back the EU fiscal pact aimed at shoring up the eurozone, final results from its referendum showed yesterday.

Serbs, Nato troops clash in Kosovo

At least three Serbs and one K-For soldier were injured yesterday in a clash in northern Kosovo during an attempt by peacekeepers to clear roadblocks.

Two killed in Gaza border clash

An Israeli soldier and a Palestinian were killed during an exchange of fire along the Gaza border yesterday.

Arts & Entertainment

Tagore Reigns Supreme

As the ongoing “International Theatre Festival, Seminar and Workshop” reaches its end, impact of Rabindranath Tagore's literary works reigned supreme. All the three plays staged on the fifth day (May 31) of the festival were either adaptations of Tagore literature or work based on the poet's life.

Classical music at Bishwa Sahitya Kendra

To mark its 38 years of holding regular classical music presentations, Suddha Sangeet Proshar Goshthi (SSPG) held a classical music soiree at the study circle room of Bishwa Sahitya Kendra (BSK) on May 31. Finance secretary of SSPG Usha Rahman welcomed all, while educationist and founding president of BSK Professor Abdullah Abu Sayeed spoke at the event.

Discussion on Ram Mohon Roy

The ideology of Raja Ram Mohan Roy is still relevant for a modern, democratic and secular Bangladesh. Politics without social justice, morality and other ethical pillars can never have a positive outcome for citizens, said veteran researcher and columnist Syed Abul Maksud at a discussion held recently at the Srihatta Brahmo Samaj center in Sylhet city's Bandarbazaar area.

Homage to Tagore in Chittagong

Raktakarabi, a leading cultural organisation of the port city, paid homage to Nobel laureate poet Rabindranath Tagore by arranging a programme featuring music and recitation at Fulki Auditorium recently.

Lux-Channel i Super Star '12 National Premiere Show held

National premiere show of “Lux-Channel i Super Star '12” was held at Star Cineplex of Bashundhara City Mall in Dhaka on May 30. Twenty best contestants among several thousands have participated in the premiere show. The theme for this year's “Lux-Channel i Super Star” is 'Live beautiful'. The show was organised to give an overview of this year's competition.

Library honouring Language Martyr Rafiq, observes 7th anniversary

Shaheed Rafiq Smriti Pathagar, a library in memory of Language Martyr Rafique Uddin Ahmed, celebrated its seventh anniversary with a discussion, cultural function, film screening, rally and 'fanush' festival in Manikganj recently.

OP-ED

Getting out of the extra-judicial mode

An amnesty International report says that last year there had been 54 extra-judicial deaths caused by security agencies in Bangladesh. Such a report shows the country in a very unfavourable light and is a cause of concern for the guardians as well as the general people. The last report, apparently, does not take into account the huge decrease of such deaths over the preceding years.

Shrinking global economy and South Asia

When the European central bank offered open-ended credit line to the European banks a few months ago, everyone thought that the rescue package from Frankfurt would take the continent out of its recessionary inflection. It, however, didn't yield the desired outcome, rather Spain faced problems with its economy. To be more precise, the global economy is not recovering from the recessionary pressures. This is causing much panic in the third world because of its trade driven growth and development outcomes, as globalisation has made these economies more dependent on the developed ones, and what happens in the developed world has direct impact on the less developed countries. Recovery from the global economic crisis is threatened by the intensifying strains in the euro area and fragility elsewhere in the world.

Police, also, are not above the law and accountability

Members of law enforcing agencies should certainly abide by discipline, law and professional ethics when they are on duty. Ethics and discipline of the law enforcing agencies are more important than their personal conduct. Unfortunately, it is true that we have found no sign of accountability and discipline in the government force in some recent events. Their behaviour lacks minimum respect towards citizens.

The looming water crisis

Water is the most precious fluid in our lives. It is the substance from which all life on earth has sprung and continues to depend on. If we run short of oil or other fossil fuels we can use alternative energy sources, but if we run short of pure drinking water we are doomed. With regional disputes over water resources increasing, people and ecosystems alike are facing urgent and immense challenges.

This Day In History

June 2

1848
The Slavic congress in Prague begins.

Literature

Jaladas and images of life

At the last Ekushey book fair, Harishankar Jaladas's (b.1955) Ramgolam brought him much fame as the writer of the 'best book'. Before that, he won the Prothom-alo best book award for his Dahankaal (2010) and came to the limelight as a successful fiction writer. We can recall that he debuted with Jalaputro only in 2008 and in 2011 came another novel, Kobsi. The most significant point to notice is that all the four novels produced from Harishankar's pen sketch the life of the downtrodden, some of whom are from among fisherfolks, some from among prostitutes and some others are the 'harijons' or 'methors'.

A fable with a twist

Everyone I know has a special relationship with fairy tales. Those were the first stories we heard and the first books we read. Our childhood days were spent flipping through the pages of those classic tales by Brothers Grimm and gazing dreamily at the vivid illustrations till we knew the characters by heart.

Erratum

In the article, 'The genius of Abu Mohamed Habibullah', published last Saturday, the academic's year of death was printed as 1484. It should have been 1984.

Star Health

Stop tobacco industry interference

Despite knowing the harm tobacco causes to human health for decades, the tobacco industry has energetically promoted tobacco sale. Dependency on tobacco is engineered, especially in the case of smoking, by carefully-prepared formulations of more than 1,000 chemicals and other ingredients. The tobacco industry markets a product that, unlike other legally sold goods, kills up to half of its regular users when consumed as per the directions of the manufacturer.

Asthma, a neglected priority needs attention

Despite the call for a massive scale-up of efforts to address non-communicable diseases which include asthma, there has been no sign of any new international mechanisms for funding the start-up of proper asthma management programmes with quality-assured essential medicines.

Never brush your teeth just after a meal

Most of us believe that proper dental care means flossing and brushing often — at a minimum, twice daily. Those who are particularly diligent may brush more often, after meals, snacks or sugary drinks.

Calcium pills pose 'heart risk'!

People who take calcium supplements could be increasing their risk of having a heart attack, according to researchers in Germany.

Male pill: gene discovery may lead to contraceptive

It may be possible to develop a new male contraceptive pill after researchers in Edinburgh identified a gene critical for the production of healthy sperm.

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Strategic Issues

Oil and gas in Islam's faultline

Because access to oil and natural gas is a major driving factor for foreign policy, it is necessary to look strategically at groups controlling the future of supplies. Understanding the changing power balance between Sunnis and Shiites, or Shias, in the Persian Gulf and Arabian Peninsula region also offers insights into the growing unrest there over democratic rights. The religious schism between Shiites and Sunnis that emerged in the 7th century, now mixed with oil, gas, political power and military muscle, has acquired a new volatility that goes ignored at international peril.

Soldiering: Where does Bangladesh Army stand in the 21st century?

The world is changing at a phenomenal speed, so is the change in perception, culture and life expectancy the people. Hazy concept of democracy poses threat to the decision making in 'military way'. Due to technology diffusion and the ubiquitous media, soldiers in democratic societies are changing their profiles sharply. Information domain is now more of perception than of reality. The cumulative effects of such realities vary depending on who are the leaders and what they preach and believe? The philosophical remarks of Leo Tolstoy who said, 'Error is the force that welds men together; truth is communicated to men only by deeds of truth' still holds well. Possibly we have missed the massege of enlightenment of Immanuel Kant where he rendered similar tune of 'knowledge is power'. Then, we may have overlooked the necessity of making a harmoneuos and cohesive organization. Finally, we may have seriously ignored Aristotle's first postulation, 'Man is a social animal'. The adjective 'social' is also used often in political discourse. The implied meaning of the above is that people are aware of anything that happens around them. In the small globalized society all are aware of the truth and keeping mum or pretending to do so is simply temporary. However, due to many reasons, the profile of Bangladesh Army is different and is much better on many counts.

Bangladesh-US relations: Opportunities and challenges

Through the visit of Hilary Rodham Clinton, the US secretary of state and particularly through the signing of 'Bangladesh-US Partnership Dialogue Agreement' many argue that it is a new beginning of Bangladesh-US relations as there has been no formal framework of relationship previously. Well, but it has raised several questions to my mind that, are we going to be benefitted from this agreement? If we are, then what are the opportunities as well as challenges in this regard? Why the US, the lone super power, is interested to promote its bilateral relations with Bangladesh? Is the importance of Bangladesh growing in the arena of international politics? Let's see the answers of these questions.

Star Books Review

Taking on a nightmare

At first glance, the title of the book, Democracy in Bangladesh, might appear to be an oxymoron. That is because what passes for liberal pluralist democracy being practised in Bangladesh, and has been for the last twenty-odd years, is a travesty of the spirit and, in instances, of the institutional practice, of the political ideology. Zillur R Khan and Syed Saad Andaleeb, have, nonetheless, undertaken the onerous task of compiling eight essays and presenting them as suggestions for improving the dismal situation. And the papers have offered copious ideas on a number of issues. Many are sound, but the authors have essentially placed the cart before the horse. Unless the abysmal political culture prevailing in the country is turned around for the better, and the spirit of liberal pluralist democracy is ingrained in the mindset of the general population, none more crucially than in the political activists, all the holy advice and pronouncements will have little impact on the political system obtaining in the country. Prior to the current lot, a good number of writers have given their considered thoughts on the subject, others are continuing to do so. Countless scholarly speeches have been, and are being, made, but the caravan of dysfunctional politics keeps rolling on.

Thank you for your service, sort of

The familiar narrative of the American military experience traces the long, occasionally glorious, always bloody march from Lexington and Concord to Iraq and Afghanistan. Those Who Have Borne the Battle amends that account by adding two subjects of acute contemporary relevance: how the United States has raised the forces with which it wages war; and how, in the aftermath of battle, it cares for and remembers those who fought.

Poetry powered by nostalgia and reverie

'A poet is a man speaking to men', the most quoted and solemn definition of poetry by William Wordsworth, was the only line I was recollecting while going through the poems in the latest collection of Mujtoba Ahmed Murshed titled Chhayadero Jibon Achhey. Of course, there lie some relevant reasons for recollecting the axiom. Firstly, there is Murshed's facile diction and, secondly, there is the conversational tone of his poems. As a poet of the 1990s Mujtoba Murshed has been ably developing a reader-friendly diction for his poetry that is completely his own. He generally says directly what he intends to say. Therefore, there are few symbols in his poetry. But it is also true in the case of a poet that he/she can never compose poetry without symbols. Consequently a poet subconsciously uses some symbols in which the inner themes are expressed in subtle manner. Murshed is also enslaved to his subconscious or unconscious layer of mind. Nonetheless he is not much interested in making his poems intensely symbolic.



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