News of: Tuesday, 24th of July, 2012
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It was a sweltering day and traffic jam was no less troubling. But nothing could prevent thousands of people from flocking to the Central Shaheed Minar yesterday.
The first novel that Rouf Mohammad Muhith had read was Humayun Ahmed's “Himu”. He was a student of class VI and thereafter he read all the books by this stand-apart writer.
Information and Communication Technology Minister Syed Abul Hossain has finally tendered his resignation to the prime minister, paving the way for the government to revive the financial arrangements with the World Bank for the Padma bridge project.
Welcoming the resignation of Syed Abul Hossain as a minister, a number of political leaders and eminent personalities have said though it is a belated decision, his departure would pave the way for reviving the Padma bridge funding talks with the World Bank.
It is a feeling of déjà vu for Syed Abul Hossain. Twice he had been a minister of the Awami League government, and twice he had to resign in the face of allegations of corruption or irregularities.
The vice-chancellor of a public university yesterday told the International Crimes Tribunal-1 how he was brutally tortured at the residence of Salahuddin Quader Chowdhury's father in Chittagong by Pakistani army and their collaborators during the Liberation War.
They say one must exercise daily for better health. Keeping that in mind, a walk from Jatrabari to Sayedabad is exactly what the doctors prescribed. The construction of the Mayor Mohammad Hanif flyover has narrowed the main road to such a limit that pedestrians must limbo through the frameworks of the under-construction monstrosity to avoid the approaching vehicles as well as the waterlogged potholes of the sidewalk. And all this while keeping a balance on the mud creases on the sidewalk due to constant drizzles in the past few days.
At least 50 people were injured and production at five ready-made garment factories in Ashulia, on the outskirts of the capital, remained suspended yesterday due to clashes between police and workers.
At least 107 people were killed in bomb and gun attacks in Iraq yesterday in a coordinated surge of violence against mostly Shia Muslim targets.
The High Court yesterday extended by three more months its previous stay order on holding the Dhaka City Corporation (north and south) polls since the authorities did not implement or even replied to its earlier directives.
Rapid Action Battalion early yesterday arrested Mahtab Khamaru, a key leader of outlawed militant group JMB, from Talgharia village in Bagmara upazila here.
Cutting back on salty foods such as bacon, bread and breakfast cereals may reduce people's risk of developing stomach cancer, according to the World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF).
Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina will pay an official visit to UK beginning tomorrow to attend the opening ceremony of London 2012 Olympic Games.
The Anti-Corruption Commission (ACC) yesterday interrogated three top officials of Bangladeshi sub-agents of the New Zealand-based consulting firm Maunsell AECOM Ltd in connection with the alleged corruption in Padma bridge project.
President Barack Obama paid emotional tribute Sunday to the victims and survivors of the Aurora cinema massacre, as the shaken US town held a tearful vigil for the 12 dead filmgoers.
Police yesterday charged batons on the orphans of Natore Sarkari Shishu Sadan in Bonbelghoria area leaving 15 of them injured.
We welcome the news that the government is considering restoring the common lowest slab facility for all consumers. This is an overriding issue which we think should have been addressed much before. With the common lowest slab withdrawn since March, consumers now are faced with a steep rise in their monthly electricity bills at a time when spiraling prices of essentials are adding to their woes. In the month of Ramadan, the situation has only worsened. Therefore, instead of merely thinking about it, the government must immediately implement it and restore the common lowest slab facility in order to relieve consumers of hefty electricity bills.
The election of Pranab Mukherjee as president of India is important for a couple of reasons. In the first place, it is reflective of the clout the veteran Bengali politician has had on Indian politics, given his experience in government. In the second, it promises to be a marked change from how the presidency has been looked upon in the past five years under Pratibha Patil, against whom allegations of impropriety have been levelled on a fairly regular basis. Mukherjee's elevation to the presidency is also significant in light of the fact that he did not have the unanimous support of all political parties. His rival P.A. Sangma did not have a chance against him, of course. Even so, Mukherjee would have been happier had a wholesale consensus built up around him. There is too the belated support he drew from West Bengal chief minister Mamata Banerjee.
The Bangladesh anthem rang out and the red and green flag was hoisted at the Olympics, for the first and probably only time, as London 2012 officially welcomed the Bangladeshi contingent to the Games via an interactive Team Welcome Ceremony held at the Olympic Village in London on Monday.
The mood in England ahead of the Olympics was significantly lifted yesterday. One of the reasons for this is the brilliant, uncharacteristic sunshine that the whole of Britain have been enjoying, a stark contrast to the events of a few weeks ago when showers were claimed to be apocalyptic.
Bangladesh Premier League's payment issue has brought on fresh controversy after Ian Pont claimed that he is yet to be paid half his payments by Dhaka Gladiators, the franchise he coached during the inaugural edition. The allegation comes two days after the six franchises missed their latest deadline, July 21, to complete all payments.
A confident Bangladesh continues their tour of Europe when they play a Twenty20 international against Scotland, their first-ever, at the Voorburg Cricket Club in The Hague today. The match will start at 8:00pm (Bangladesh Standard Time), to be streamed live at www.ispahanibd.com.
South Africa on Monday took a one-nil lead in the three-match series against England, beating the hosts by an innings and 12 runs and securing their first win at the Oval after a masterful display of top order batting.
Shadhara Bima became the fifth and last team to qualify for the Super Five of the Green Delta Insurance Premier Division Hockey League, with a 4-1 win over Bangladesh SC at the Maulana Bhasani Hockey Stadium yesterday.
Organisers may think the most closely-guarded secret of the 2012 Games is who will light the Olympic flame, but of far greater interest to the wider sporting public is the condition of Usain Bolt's right hamstring.
Bangladesh Premier League champions Abahani may retain the services of Iranian coach Ali Akbar for the third consecutive season following his successful stint at the Sky Blues last season.
Chris Gayle is set to play his first Test in more than 18 months after being named in the West Indies squad for the first Test against New Zealand. Gayle has not played Test cricket since the tour of Sri Lanka in December 2010, and he will provide a major boost to the West Indies batting line-up, which has also regained Shivnarine Chanderpaul after he missed the final Test against England due to a side strain.
Former AC Milan, Inter Milan, Real Madrid and Ajax Amsterdam midfielder Clarence Seedorf made a losing debut in the Brazilian championship as his Botafogo side lost 1-0 at home to Gremio.
Dominika Cibulkova beat top-seeded Marion Bartoli 6-1, 7-5 Sunday to win the WTA Carlsbad crown, warming up for the London Olympics with her second career title.
As many as 26 players shared the lead of the Metropolitan Selection Chess Tournament with two straight wins in the first two rounds at the Bangladesh Chess Federation Hall Room yesterday.
Fast bowler Nuwan Pradeep has been called up to the Sri Lanka squad for the remainder of the one-day series against India, in place of the injured Nuwan Kulasekara. Pradeep has played three Tests, but is yet to debut in ODIs.
Sweden's three-time world heptathlon champion Carolina Kluft pulled out of the London Olympics on Sunday after suffering a thigh injury.
Surprise British Open champion Ernie Els had to settle for second place behind triple centurion Hashim Amla on the front pages of South African newspapers Monday.
Russia's new national football coach Fabio Capello received advice on life in Russia from compatriot Luciano Spalletti, who coaches Russia's reigning champions Zenit St Petersburg, local media reported Monday.
Didier Drogba made an instant impact on his debut for Chinese Super League side Shanghai Shenhua on Sunday, setting up his new team's equaliser in a 1-1 draw away to Guangzhou R&F.
Former England captain John Terry received a rousing reception at his first match since his acquittal on racism charges Sunday as European champions Chelsea played to a 1-1 draw with Paris Saint-Germain.
Australia's Stephanie Rice insisted Monday she felt fine after the latest injury scare to dog her build-up to the London Olympic Games.
Brazil's Olympic soccer squad are opting for a quiet life away from the "temptations" of the Athletes' Village, coach Mano Menezes said on Sunday.
Barcelona defender Carles Puyol has returned to training for the first time since a knee operation in May, the La Liga club said on Monday.
Juan Mata wants Spain to make yet more football history by becoming the first nation to hold the world, European and Olympic titles at the same time with victory at London 2012.
France women's football coach Bruno Bini on Sunday hit out at the security surrounding his team in Glasgow, claiming that fans are being denied the opportunity to see the team train.
In the wake of concern from international buyers over labour rights in Bangladesh, the labour and employment ministry have scheduled a meeting with them tomorrow to hear out their issues.
Regent Airways, the market leader in domestic air travel, plans to introduce international routes by the end of this year.
Jute cultivation area has fallen this year as some farmers switched to other crops due to the low prices of the natural fibre last fiscal year.
The telecom regulator has invited applications for voice over internet protocol service provider (VSP) licences for international call transport to stop illegal use of VoIP.
US oil giant ConocoPhillips yesterday sought a preference from Bangladesh when the country invites international bidding to explore gas and oil in the sea in the future, officials said.
Expatriate Bangladeshis now can bring home $5,000 without any declaration, according to a circular issued by the central bank on Sunday. Earlier the amount was $2,000.
Stocks gained yesterday as investors went on a fresh bout of purchases expecting positive dividend pronouncements from listed companies for the year that ended on June 30, 2012.
Equal importance has to be given to the primary market to maintain stability in the stockmarket, the state-run investment bank said yesterday.
Spain denied Monday that it needed a full international bailout as the economy shrank even faster and its long-term borrowing costs jumped to dangerous highs.
The Chittagong Stock Exchange yesterday launched a disaster recovery system (DRS) to ensure continuity in trading even during catastrophic natural disasters or national emergency.
Emirates comes with a new offer of 20 percent discount on airfares for Bangladeshi passengers, the airline said in a statement yesterday.
Consumer goods giant Hindustan Unilever, the Indian unit of Anglo-Dutch Unilever, Monday said its quarterly profit had more than doubled, helped by higher sales in key product groups.
The job market for certified accountants is getting bigger day by day with a rise in private sector business. Every firm -- from auditing to accounting, manufacturing, trading and what not -- needs an accountant to carry out day to day business. Also, accounting is becoming a global profession meaning that a certified accountant can work anywhere in the world.
Asian PC makers are set to report mostly higher quarterly profits in the coming weeks, but economic worries and delays in computer purchases before the launch of Microsoft's Windows 8 operating system in October are casting a pall over their earnings ahead.
Asia can think of a common currency in the long run as Europe's ongoing crisis makes such possibility unfeasible for the moment, said top economists yesterday.
The full range of bilateral issues will be discussed at the annual India-Bangladesh Foreign Office Consultations to be held in New Delhi today.
Agitating Buet teachers and students yesterday continued their sit-in to press home their demands including resignation of the vice-chancellor and pro vice-chancellor.
Speakers at a discussion yesterday urged the government to spread the ideologies and thoughts of Tajuddin Ahmed, the first prime minister of Bangladesh government in exile, among the young generation.
The authorities of Dhaka Medical College Hospital (DMCH) officially imposed restrictions on the media's access to the hospital from yesterday.
Nine people were killed and twelve others injured in separate road accidents in Pabna, Sirajganj, Bogra, Khulna and Nilphamari on Sunday and yesterday.
The social welfare ministry decided to define individuals under 18 years of age as children in the draft 'Children Act 2012' after critics came down on the law ministry proposal for bringing the age limit down to 16 years.
US Ambassador to Bangladesh Dan W Mozena yesterday said the enrolment rate of Bangladeshi students in US educational institutions was the fastest compared to those from South and Central Asia.
A High Court (HC) bench yesterday started hearing on the writ petition, filed on July 18, that challenged the legality of Speaker Abdul Hamid's June 18 ruling.
Life changed in a matter of seconds for Shamma Nasrin when a bus ran over her legs in front of Jatiya Press Club in the capital on Sunday.
The probe body, investigating the hostel arson at Government MC College of Sylhet, failed to submit its report to the deputy commissioner yesterday, at the end of 10 working days, though the report was almost ready for submission.
Defence lawyer for BNP leader and former deputy minister Abdus Salam Pintu yesterday for the second day continued cross-examination of a Criminal Investigation Department (CID) official in connection with the August 21 grenade attack case.
A Dhaka court yesterday rejected a bail petition of Nihor alias Jamsher Ali, an accused in killings of six students in Aminbazar on the outskirts of the capital in July last year.
Police recovered the body of a college student from the river Padma near Padma Garden in Rajshahi city yesterday.
Minister for Communications and Railways Obaidul Quader has directed to transfer all employees of Brahmanbaria Railway Station, including its stationmaster Wahiduzzaman, for allegation of black marketing of tickets, corruption and irregularities.
The Awami League-led grand alliance government has implemented 92 percent of its decisions taken in the cabinet meetings during the last three-and-a-half-year tenure.
A probe committee of Jahangirnagar University (JU) has identified eight activists of Bangladesh Chhatra League (BCL) of the university unit as attackers of cultural activists.
A 10-year old boy and an electrician were electrocuted in separate incidents in Chittagong city on Sunday and yesterday.
A mobile court yesterday fined two super shops Tk 1 lakh for selling rotten and formalin mixed grapes and cherries in Chittagong.
A 14-member technical committee was formed yesterday to study the feasibility of establishing a central bus and truck terminal in Chittagong city to reduce traffic congestion.
A total of 705 Yaba tablets were seized and two persons were arrested in separate drives by law enforcers in Cox's Bazar and Chittagong yesterday.
Meer Hamida Aziz, former headmaster of the capital's Agrani High School and also the founding member of Sachetan Nagorik Committee (Sanak), Savar unit, passed away early yesterday. She was 62, said a press release.
Zainab Alam, mother of Shahin Akhter, staff correspondent of the daily New Age, died of diabetes complications at Bangladesh Medical College and Hospital in the capital yesterday. She was 56, said a press release.
Untreated chemical waste from a dyeing factory at Loshkarpur, a densely populated area in Pabna municipality, is not only causing serious environmental degradation but also posing health hazards.
Headmaster of a school in Baufal upazila under the district has filed a complaint with Baufal police station against the chairman of the school managing committee (SMC) on charge of illegally felling trees on the school ground.
Erosion by Teesta and Dharla rivers devoured over 150 homesteads of eight villages in Hatibandha and Sadar upazilas in the last three days.
Teachers of Hajee Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU) yesterday demanded appointment of vice chancellor (VC) from among the teachers of the university on expiry of terms of the existing VC.
Indian Border Security Force (BSF) picked up two Bangladeshi cattle traders from Kisamot Nizzoma village along Sree Rampur border under Patgram upazila early yesterday.
Police arrested a member of banned Islamist outfit Jama'atul Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB) from Nejampur station area in Nachole upazila early yesterday.
Criminals felled and took away 15 mahogany trees from the ground of Khidirpur Technical and Business Management College in Atghoria upazila under the district on Saturday.
Members of Border Guard Bangladesh (BGB) yesterday detained nine alleged smugglers, including five women, in Hili port area of Hakimpur upazila but they were released by local leaders. Sources at Joypurhat-3 BGB Battalion at Hili check post said, acting on a tip-off, a team of BGB raided a Rajshahi-bound intercity train at about 8:30am and detained the nine along with Indian saris and cumin (jira). Following the incident, several hundred alleged smugglers in the area besieged the check post, demanding the release of the detainees. On information, the leaders rushed in and released them following undertakings from them, said Habildar Md Khorshed Alam of the check post.
A man was killed allegedly by his son over a family feud in Islampur upazila early Sunday. The deceased was identified as Fazar Uddin, 75. Police quoting locals said, Fazar had two wives and had been living in two villages. His first wife Kamola Begum was in Krisnapur and second wife Umme Hany in Malomganj. A few days ago Fazar gave some land to his second wife and her son Rukan Uddin. As Fazar gave land also to his first wife, Rukan Uddin locked in an altercation with his father on Saturday evening. At one stage he hit his father with a stick, leaving him critically injured. Fazar died on the way to the heath complex.
A group of agitated people vandalised furniture, ambulance, signboard and apparatus of Surjer Hasi clinic at Hazipara in the municipal area yesterday. Clinic and police sources said, two youths came to the clinic to hire its ambulance on Sunday mid-night for taking a patient to Sadar Hospital. But the authorities failed to give the ambulance as its driver was absent. The people became agitated as the patient died at night on way to the hospital. Later a group of local people attacked the laboratory of the clinic yesterday morning.
A man was killed and 10 others were injured in a clash at Anantarampur village in Sadar upazila on Sunday night. The deceased was identified as Jamir Ali, 50, of the village. Locals said former UP member Newaz Ali and his rival Alamgir was at loggerheads over establishing supremacy in the locality. As a sequel to the enmity, the supporters of Alamgir attacked the men of Newaz in the afternoon. Later, the both groups equipped with lethal weapons, including spears, attacked each other at about 7:30pm, leaving Jamir dead on the spot and 10 others injured. On information, police recovered the body and sent it to hospital morgue for autopsy. The injured were admitted to Narsingdi Sadar Hospital.
A schoolboy remained missing for the last 12 days since July 11 in the city. The victim was identified as Fazle Rabbi, a student of Class X at Khulna Zila School and son of Jamirul Islam and resident of Achhia Manzil at Abu Khan Lane in the city. Family sources said, Fazle Rabbi went out of the house around 5pm on July 11 and since then remained missing. They suspected that unknown criminals kidnapped the boy. A general diary was lodged with Sadar PS in this connection.
More than 50 motorcyclists were fined at a single point of a road in the district town yesterday just for not having valid documents of the vehicles. Besides, Tk. 18,440 was realised as fine from them. Md. Mobarak Hossain Parvez, executive magistrate at Dinajpur deputy commissioner's office, conducted the operation in front of the DC office from around 11.00am to till 2.00pm.
The Syrian regime acknowledged for the first time yesterday that it possessed stockpiles of chemical and biological weapons and said it will only use them in case of a foreign attack and never internally against its own citizens.
The "great threat" to Israel from the Syrian conflict is that the Damascus government may collapse and its stock of chemical weapons and missiles fall into the hands of the Lebanese Islamist group Hezbollah, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said on Sunday.
At least 17 people, including a six-month-old child, were killed and many wounded in fighting between indigenous tribes and Muslim settlers at the weekend in India's northeastern Assam state, police said yesterday.
Philippine President Benigno Aquino refused to budge yesterday on a territorial dispute with China, asking Beijing to respect Manila's rights in the South China Sea and announcing plans to upgrade military capabilities.
As the silver waters of the Kishanganga rush through this north Kashmir valley, Indian labourers are hard at work on a hydropower project that will dam the river just before it flows across one of the world's most heavily militarised borders into Pakistan.
Pakistan's first independent election commissioner was sworn into office yesterday ahead of general elections widely expected within months.
Arab officials meeting in Doha have approved an international probe into Yasser Arafat's death, after a report said he may have been poisoned, senior Palestinian official Saeb Erakat said.
White House hopeful Mitt Romney, bruised by US President Barack Obama's recent campaign attacks, embarks on a major diplomatic mission this week to meet the leaders of Britain, Israel and Poland.
Team Anna on Sunday claimed it has “proof” of corruption against Pranab Mukherjee and it would be made public on July 25 when they launch an indefinite fast coinciding with his swearing-in as President.
Top Indian female revolutionary Lakshmi Sehgal, who fought Allied forces during World War II, died yesterday following a heart attack, a doctor said. She was 97.
Egypt yesterday began to release detainees held by the military following a decree last week by President Mohamed Morsi, security officials told AFP.
Arts & Entertainment
This interview was taken a year back, during the last Ramadan, by Shah Alam Shazu at Nuhash Polli. Humayun Ahmed spent an evening talking to the correspondent on his last movie which was taking more time than usual. Excerpts from the interview:
What can an individual do if he has no past? Can he recall his beautiful old days? What if he is cautioned that each emotional second will reduce money from his bank account? A fantasy indeed, but Shahzad Ferdous' text “Shylock and Sycophants” counts such imaginary helplessness of an individual-- seeking his self-identity in the time period, when globalisation is a talked about phenomenon.
Actress Jotika Joti is busy with shoots almost every day. Half a dozen plays in which she features are currently being aired on various TV channels. And she is now shooting for another half a dozen! She has also started working in plays for the upcoming Eid-ul-Fitr. Channel 24 has just started telecasting a new serial “Jadur Shohor,” featuring Joti.
Elton John has scored his first number one album in 22 years, an electronic reworking of his hit songs, while Florence and the Machine clung to top spot in the singles chart for a second week running, the Official UK Charts Company said on Sunday.
Oscar-winning actress Hilary Swank is to star alongside Brenda Blethyn in a BBC film written by Richard Curtis.
Robi Axiata Limited, a leading telecom operator of the country, organised a stakeholder relationship event in the port city on Thursday evening which rounded off with a cultural programme.
That was how American academic David Lesch portrayed Bashar-al-Assad in a biography. To the rest of the country, Bashar is better known as "Bessho," (baby Bashar). Despite having lost three of his closest confidantes in what was undoubtedly an audacious attack inside one of the most heavily guarded sites in Damascus, the national security headquarters, Bashar hangs on to power defying the world. Both the serving defence minister and deputy defence minister and a former defence minister were taken out by a suicide bomb. This coupled with a string of top military leaders totalling some 24 generals defecting in the last couple of weeks had both the opposition and foreign observers believing Bashar was done for. Unfortunately, things are seldom that simple in the Middle East. Bashar still has his younger brother Maher al-Assad, commander of the army's Fourth Division, who has driven rebel forces out of a Damascus district. As long as Maher commands, Bashar has hope.
Growing violence against Indian women, such as the aggravated sexual assault on a young student in Guwahati, has deeply shocked the public. Violence against women is the fastest rising crime among all cognisable offences under the Indian Penal Code.
Two reputed constitutional lawyers of Canada, while analysing the legalities of the possible separation of Quebec from Canada, observed: "After 1945, Bangladesh was the only country of the world that successfully seceded from Pakistani state through an armed struggle. However, the principal strength of that struggle came from the unparalleled election victory of Awami League, led by its charismatic leader Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. The popular support their leader enjoyed was unheard of in a Western democracy."
As the first Chancellor of Buet, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman appointed Dr. Abdur Rashid as the first vice-chancellor of Buet in independent Bangladesh. Dr. Rashid was never an Awami Leaguer, he was chosen for his impeccable credentials as the best engineering mind in the country and a man of proven integrity and outstanding public service. It was a wise choice; Dr. Rashid ruled with humility and consensus and never permitted divisive teacher politics to vitiate the academic ambience of the university. He left behind a legacy of excellence and learning and service to the nation which, till the other day, was the pride of the nation. The choice was no accident. In 1973, Bangabandhu appointed the most outstanding Bengali physicist, Dr. Abdul Matin Chowdhury as the vice-chancellor of Dhaka University. Professor Chowdhury was never an Awami Leaguer either.
I have not read a single book by Mr. Ahmed in the last seventeen or eighteen years, but I remember what I read before 1995/96. Surprisingly, his style remained unchanged, or so I guess from occasional viewing of snippets of his dramas and glimpses of teaser passages from his books posted online. So, on his passing to a different dimension I feel like saying something.
Louis VII of France lays siege to Damascus during the Second Crusade.
Science & Life
How large is the Universe? How do we measure its size? How can we even think of measuring something that is believed to be boundless? The enormity of the Universe may be beyond our comprehension, but measuring its size is not. Our measuring sticks are the cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR) which is relic of the super hot Big Bang radiation cooled down to three Kelvin (-270 degrees Centigrade) with wavelength in the microwave region and cosmological red-shift, increase in the observed wavelength of electromagnetic waves from a receding source.
German researchers say they had evidence that sowing the ocean with iron particles sucks up and stores carbon dioxide.
Dolphins could teach humans a thing or two about finding Nemo. The aquatic mammals may pinpoint prey hidden in bubbles by using mental math.
John Dalton grew up to be an English chemist, meteorologist and physicist. Before he had propounded the Atomic Theory, he had already attained a significant status. He worked for the development of modern Atomic Theory, Gas Law, and his research on colour blindness. Until 1800, he had also worked as a teacher of mathematics and natural philosophy at the "New College" in Manchester, a dissenting academy. A second work by Dalton "Elements of English Grammar" was published in 1801.
Why are all the good UFOs invisible?" one Gather.com user asked in response to the latest "invisible UFO" report posted to the site.
These photos of the solar corona, or million-degree outer atmosphere, show the improvement in resolution offered by NASA's High Resolution Coronal Imager, or Hi-C (bottom), versus the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly on NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory (top). Both images show a portion of the sun's surface roughly 85,000 by 50,000 miles in size. Hi-C launched on a sounding rocket on July 11, 2012 in a flight that lasted about 10 minutes. The representative-color images were made from observations of ultraviolet light at a wavelength of 19.3 nanometers (25 times shorter than the wavelength of visible light).
In informal language, it is a unit of heredity that is transferred from a parent to offspring and is held to determine some characteristic of the "proteins coded directly by genes"