Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles founds Singapore.
Spanish-American War: The Treaty of Paris, a peace treaty between the United States and Spain, is ratified by the United States Senate.
World War II: The United Kingdom declares war on Thailand.
Elizabeth II becomes the first Queen regnant of the United Kingdom and several other realms since Queen Victoria, upon the death of her father, George VI. At the exact moment of succession, she was in a treehouse at the Treetops Hotel in Kenya.
The Round Table Talks start in Poland, thus marking the beginning of overthrow of communism in Eastern Europe.
Anne of Great Britain, Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland (d. 1714)
Ronald Reagan, 40th President of the United States (d. 2004)