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Sunday, April 8, 2012
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The region is Ctg's oyster

Experts want deep seaport to turn the city into economic hub in south, south-east Asia

Chittagong has immense potential for becoming a regional economic hub, but delays in building a deep seaport may mar the chances of that happening with Myanmar fast coming up as a challenge in light of its opening up to the outside world.

Business and trade experts shared the concern at the economic conference, “Future Chittagong: Future Bangladesh”, organised by The Daily Star and the Chittagong Chamber of Commerce and Industry (CCCI) at the Chamber House of the port city yesterday.

The conference was part of the Odommo Chattagram festival, an initiative of The Daily Star to project the history, culture and economic prospects of Chittagong.

Participants in the discussion said Chittagong, which lies between China, Myanmar and Northeast India, could become a regional economic zone and contribute to the overall development of Bangladesh.

So, a regional economic zone should be centred in the port city to take advantage of its geographical position in South and Southeast Asia, said Salahuddin Kasem Khan, trustee secretary of AK Khan Foundation.

Citing the example of China's success through establishing a Special Economic Zone (SEZ), he said India had followed the model and was now building an SEZ in Mumbai port with a view to making the zone a vehicle for the transformation of the regional economy.

“This could also be our model as the SEZ has been identified as an engine of growth,” he said, adding that the Indian authorities were building the zone under public private partnership (PPP).

According to Khan, the SEZ could be built on the banks of the Karnaphuli River and extended to Cox's Bazar and thereon to the proposed deep seaport at Sonadia.

“It would be much beneficial for us,” he said, suggesting that a tunnel be built under the Karnaphuli.

In 1995, Japan International Cooperation Agency (Jica) identified Chittagong as an area with great potential for an economic zone and its prospects of emerging as a major regional economic hub serving China, Myanmar and north-east India.

Citing Japanese investors' attempt to relocate factories from Thailand and China, he said a Japanese SEZ should be permitted to be set up in Chittagong.

“Japan can be a real development partner for Bangladesh in terms of factory relocation,” he said, suggesting that measures be taken to develop the coastal belt.

Prof Muinul Islam of the economics department at Chittagong University said Chittagong and the coastal belt were a golden goose for Bangladesh.

Citing China's interest in helping Bangladesh build the deep seaport, he said India did not take this positively due to geo-political reasons. “We have to handle the two countries carefully,” he added.

“Chittagong can serve the whole region -- South China, Myanmar, northeast India, Nepal and Bhutan. But an infrastructure and a deep seaport are needed to be built for this,” said Prof MA Taslim, chairman of the Department of Economics at Dhaka University.

“There is no city in the region having the kind of potential Chittagong has. If we miss the chance Myanmar will snatch it,” said Prof Taslim, noting that after the election in Myanmar, foreign investors were keen on investing in that country.

“If we can start building the deep seaport now, we can take the advantage,” he said.

Prof Taslim said Bangladesh needed big markets for its growth and that is why trade was a priority. Establishment of connectivity was necessary so that goods and services could move and thus boost trade.

“Connectivity creates the opportunity for trade and free movement of goods and services,” he said, adding that a lack of understanding on connectivity had created confusion over transit and connectivity.

As per international norms, Bangladesh was not required to give transit to India for carrying goods between its mainland and its northeastern states, Prof Taslim continued, but for a country such as Bhutan, it was obligatory to give the country access to the sea.

“If Bangladesh fails to build the deep seaport within five to 10 years, Myanmar is likely to take the geographical advantage,” said M Shahidul Islam, visiting research fellow of the Institute of Governance Studies at Brac University.

Referring to a study, he said global growth would take place somewhere between India and China in the next 30 years and Chittagong also has the potential.

Syed Mahmudul Huq, chairman of Bangladesh-Myanmar Business Promotion Council, said the port city used to be known as the big port in 14th century China.

The deep seaport would not be viable only through facilitating overseas trade of the northeast India.

“We need China and Myanmar,” he said, adding that the SEZ would have to be built centering on the deep seaport. Huq favoured improvement in bilateral ties with Myanmar.

Former commerce minister Amir Khasru Mahmud Chowdhury said before any plan was framed, priority should be given to land utilisation as land has become scarce in the country.

On the SEZ, he said studies should be conducted on whether the SEZ would be beneficial if it were set up under the PPP or solely by the government.

The BNP leader also criticised the Dhaka-centric development in industrialisation and economic growth. Prospects of each district should be considered in economic planning.

On Myanmar, he said a holistic approach was needed to build stronger ties with the neighbouring country.

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The only thing we like to see the potential of other region in the country; otherwise, Chittagong will just become a new political hub not economic hub as expected by some.The Sea Port might find place in the new ADP of 2012-13.- but meet the fate of the Padma bridge unless a particular person takes over the charge.

The story,man and materials are ready to open the new political play ground.

: upfront

The country can only dream about this. It will never happen. Look at the political scenario of the country and corrupt the officials are. On the other hand, people are not outward thinking. These people prefer to still live by the values of gone days.

: Moe


  • Afreen
    Sunday, April 8, 2012 09:54 AM GMT+06:00 (201 weeks ago)

    The discussions are extremely important for the growth of our economy. All the nations are going too fast to compete in the global business but our political leaders are still ignorant and engaged mostly in inside political fight. This could be a great challenge for AL govt and if they can fulfill it including gas and oil mining from our sea for electricity our country can stand side by side to China and India.

  • Saif Khalid
    Sunday, April 8, 2012 11:32 AM GMT+06:00 (201 weeks ago)

    First thing about speed, never worry about other people's speed, just worry about your own speed. And then worry about if your own speed matters to anyone else. Then you can talk about it.

    Myanmar is may be opening up, trade wise, so you might want to think about addressing Myanmar's trade needs. Chittagong and Calcutta are both in the armpit of the Bay of Bengal. Calcutta does more business, I'm guessing, than Chittagong, as is. examine that before the talking about Chittagong becoming an oyster that everybody in the region will desire. Chittagong is mostly an importing port. Because Bangladesh, port usage wise, is mostly an importing country.





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