KET AND PET EXAMINATION
KET and PET are examinations administered by University of Cambridge ESOL Examinations (Cambridge ESOL), which is a part of the University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES). Cambridge ESOL offers an extensive range of examinations, certificates and diplomas for learners and teachers of English. They are suitable for learners of all nationalities, whatever their first language and cultural background, and there are examinations suitable for learners of almost any age. The UCLES (Cambridge ESOL) offers many examinations among which KET (Key English test) and PET (Preliminary English Test) are the two basic tests that examine a person's proficiency in English.
KET is an early learning program, which certifies that the candidate has acquired a general basic ability in English. It is equivalent to the Council of Europe's Waystage 1990 level, and it tests ability in reading, writing, listening and speaking (three papers).
English language examination: PET assesses language ability at the Council of Europe's Threshold level, and certifies that the candidate should be able to cope linguistically in a range of everyday situations that require the use of English. PET tests ability in reading, writing, listening and speaking (three papers). KET (Key English Test) assesses the basic ability of candidates to use English in simple real life situations, both with native and non-native speakers, whereas PET (Preliminary English Test) assesses the language ability of a candidate to use English in most everyday situations with both native and non-native speakers at a pre-intermediate level.
KET was developed between 1991 and 1994, during which time extensive trials took place. It offers a basic qualification in English and also represents a first step for those wishing to progress towards Cambridge Level Two, the Preliminary English Test(PET). It may be seen as either an objective move towards the Threshold Level, or as a final objective in itself, indicating that successful candidates have the linguistic ability to satisfy their most basic communication needs. KET is taken in over sixty different countries, with the majority of candidates in Europe, South America, and the Asia-Pacific region. The final mark a candidate receives in KET is an aggregate of the marks obtained in each of the three sections (reading/writing, listening and speaking). There is no minimum passing mark for individual papers. KET has two passing grades: Pass and Pass With Merit, and two failing grades: Narrow Fail and Fail. 'Pass' ordinarily corresponds to about 70% of the total marks. 'Pass with Merit' corresponds to approximately 85% of the total number. A 'Narrow Fail' grade means that the candidate is within 5% of the 'Pass' level. KET is usually available six times a year on fixed dates in March, May, June (twice), November and December.
PET was introduced in the late 1970s and tests competence in Reading, Writing, Listening and Speaking, at a higher level than the KET exams. The language level of PET is approximately two thirds of the way towards that of the First Certificate in English. PET is based on the Council of Europe Threshold Level (1990) by van Ek and Trim. PET is taken in over eighty different countries, with the majority of candidates coming from Europe and South America. The final mark a candidate receives in PET is an aggregate of the marks obtained in each of the three sections and there is no minimum pass mark for individual papers. Like the KET exam PET also has two passing grades and two failing grades.
The British council Teaching Center located in Dhanmondi provides all the necessary information for these two tests and is the official testing center. The registration for KET and PET cost 1950 taka and 2250 taka respectively. After the YLE (young learners examination) - which tests proficiency in English among children aged between 7 to 12 years, KET and PET tests can give the examinee a clear idea about how good he or she is in this international language.
By Ishita Rahman
with a national PLAYER
Yasser Rizvi, age 23, was one of the 12 participants of the national basketball team who went to India recently to play in the Middle Asia qualifying rounds of the Asian Basketball Championship. Now he is back from his tour and busy with work again and was able to give some of his valuable time for the following interview.
When did you first start playing basketball?
So, how about support from the family? And any idols?
Sraabon Mela at Gopibag
Anyone who follows the domestic cricket league of Dhaka would be aware that Gopibag is the side that the legendary "pop guru" Azam Khan plays for. APart from that, Gopibag is well-known for another thing: its terrorists. Gopibag is the prowling ground of many infamous lawbreakers and one of their crimes takes place in the headlines every now and then. So it when it comes to doing anything constructive and remarkable, people from Gopibag won't come to your mind.
Yet that has been the case here for the last five years. Since 1998, local youngsters have been organising a Sraabon Mela (Sraabon: the fourth month of the Bangla calendar, when the monsoon season is at its full blast) at Gopibag. The Mela (fair) includes stalls given by local people and also includes cultural programmes with recitations, songs etc. Some well-known writers are invited and they give speeches and discuss about our culture, our literature issues of our society and other things. The month of Sraabon is in the midst of this. Most of the poems recited and songs sung have Sraabon and the monsoon season as the central theme. A bulletin is also being published since the last fair in order to give the visitors an account of how the Mela has gone on. It also contains articles by the distinguished writers who are invited to the fair.
As the organisers said, the main objective of organising this fair was to do something creative and productive and break out of the circle of crime and disorder in which they've been living for all these years. They wanted to prove that breaking the law and destroying the country are not all that people can do around here. People in the locality have always come forwrd o help them and contributed in whatever way possible so that they could arrange the fair nicely. Another objective is to give the children a chance to bloom as artists. Children don't often get a chance to perform in front of an audience. With a cultural programme being an integral part of the Sraabon Mela, the kids in the neighborhood get an opportunity of performing in public and this also helps them develop an interest in cultural activities.
The fair is very small though, which the organisers said was due to lack of sponsors. In order to hold the fair on a much larger scale, they need financial support from big companies as the local people alone can't manage it all by themselves. Situations have improved a lot though. The first fair was held in a garage in the neighborhood and now it's become much bigger. The organisers plan to make it bigger and a lot more festive in coming years. If fortune favours them, they hope they'll evenbe able to spread the idea of celebrating Sraabon throughout the country. Finally, people celebrate other seasons like spring with proper gusto and colour but Borsha (the monsoon season) is never given such importance and affection.
It was nice to see young people engaged in organising this fair though there have been many obstacles. Managing resources was a huge problem. Even nature was not cooperative since heavy rainfall poured in to spoil arrangements. But the spirit of the organisers never got defeated and they've unitedly achieved their goal. Hope the whole of Bangladesh becomes full of such aspiring and hard-working young people, instead of the corrupt and wicked people we see and hear of every day.
By Hamdan Kabir (Safir)
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