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     Volume 4 Issue 20 | November 5, 2004 |

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Below are some sentences and phrases taken from the text, each has a gap after one word. The definitions for these words are in the Blue box. Match the definitions to the words.

1.move slowly    2.harmless    3.easy to reach    4.beating loudly    5.took action to deal with a difficult situation
   6.took suddenly    7.an uncontrollable fear    8.scientists who study insects    9.too easily disgusted
   10.physically strong, able to survive difficult situations    11.moving as a group    12. give up hope

a) The ants were swarming (_________________) all over me.
b) I tackled (_________________) the hill.
c) There was a cockroach crawling (_________________) out of the drawer.
d) My heart was pounding (_________________).
e) I grabbed (_________________) can of insecticide.
f) I grabbed a handy (_________________) a can of insecticide.
g) The very hardy (_________________) cockroach.
h) A fear of bugs can even become a phobia (_________________).
i) A relatively innocuous (_________________) creature.
j) Entomologists (_________________) despair at this squeamish attitude.
k) Entomologists despair (_________________) at this squeamish attitude.
l) Entomologists despair at this squeamish (_________________) attitude.

What is a creepy crawly? Read on to find out.
The paragraphs have been mixed up. Can you put them back into the correct order?

Paragraph a.
A couple of years later, I was living in Jordan. I had just moved into a modern flat and was unpacking plates and saucepans, when I saw something move out of the corner of my eye. I looked over at the kitchen drawer, where I had put the knives and forks, and there was a cockroach crawling out of it. I screamed. Then, my heart pounding, and probably still screaming, I grabbed a handy can of insecticide and sprayed half of it on the very hardy cockroach. He ran at me but I jumped out of the way and he scuttled out of the kitchen and under the nearby toilet door. It took me three days before I found the courage to open the toilet door (luckily there was another bathroom in the house!) to see if he was still alive. He wasn't.

Paragraph b.
Creepy crawlies are those little bugs that provoke feelings such as apprehension, anxiety or aversion - they make your skin crawl. Flies aren't creepy crawlies but spiders are. Ladybirds are rather sweet but centipedes are scary. Guess which is a creepy crawly?

Paragraph c.
Did you know that some people can feel such a fear of bugs that it can even become a phobia? I recognise that my reaction was exaggerated. I knew the cockroach wasn't going to harm me, even though he did seem to be running straight for me even as I sprayed, but I couldn't help myself. Why did I react the way I did to a relatively innocuous creature?

Paragraph d.
Psychologists have offered many explanations. Some say it was an instinctive reaction to a perceived threat, the idea being that these insects were harmful to us many generations back and that this fear is harboured in our subconscious. Others explain it by saying that we associate them with dirt and disease. Or that these are life forms that are so alien to us, that we find them repulsive for their dissimilarity. A more cultural-specific reason proffered is that in Western philosophy man is held to be the most important of all God's creatures and other living creatures are subordinate to him. Insects, instead, don't follow our rules - they just do what they want and invade our space. It is interesting to note that in China, where man is viewed as only one element of the world and humans and nature are one and the same, aversion to insects is not as common.

Paragraph e.
So my plea to you is: the next time you feel the urge to stamp on, splatter or spray a creepy crawly, give a thought to the planet and desist!

Paragraph f.
Well, it isn't easy to give a straight definition so I'll tell you a couple of stories to try to explain. A few years ago I was on holiday in Holland. I was on a bicycle trip and at the very first sign of a hill, I got off my bike for a rest. I sat down by the side of the road on the grass. A few seconds later, I was covered in ants. They were swarming all over me so I quickly got up and brushed them off. I had obviously sat near an anthill and they were protecting their territory from an invader. It was a strange experience but I soon forgot about it, got back on my bike and tackled the hill.

Paragraph g.
Whatever the cause, entomologists despair at this squeamish attitude towards their object of study. They would like us to appreciate insects for the benefits they bring, which are many. Pest control and waste decomposition to name a couple. Unfortunately, although insects and bugs have been a very successful animal species up to now, many of them, like many other species nowadays, are under threat of extinction. Entomologists warn that this could upset entire ecosystems and lead to all kinds of disastrous consequences.

Paragraph h.
Why did I react so violently to one lone insect when a closer encounter with hundreds of ants hardly affected me? The answer is easy: because cockroaches are creepy crawlies and ants aren't.

Can you find these words from the text in the box?






a-11, b-5, c-1, d-4, e-6, f-3, g-10, h-7, i-2, j-8, k-12, l-9
1st - f, 2nd - a, 3rd - h, 4th - b, 5th - c, 6th - d, 7th - g, 8th - e

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